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Region: Highlands & East Central. Group 1. Case Definition: Energy related. Large scale deforestation mainly caused by charcoal production Dams and rivers used to generate electricity – mainly for urban areas, rural areas have little access to hydro electricity

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case definition energy related
Case Definition: Energy related
  • Large scale deforestation mainly caused by charcoal production
  • Dams and rivers used to generate electricity – mainly for urban areas, rural areas have little access to hydro electricity
  • Impressive biodiversity in the highlands = eco-tourism
  • Biomass energy from wood and agriculture residues mainly for isolated rural homesteads
  • Full access to the ocean but this untapped as an energy source
  • Small scale use of solar energy – mainly PV connections to power small rural industries, clinics and schools
how we tacked the problem
How we tacked the problem
  • Defined the sectors (e.g. urban vs. rural; small rural industries vs. large urban industries, what do we mean by energy value chain, etc)
  • Explored energy needs by sectors in order to isolate all/most activities requiring energy
  • Develop a criteria that enabled to select most important technologies for immediate attention:
    • areas of highest impact
    • Cross cutting themes (i.e. transport, ICT)
    • Poverty reduction (aimed at rural development)
    • Positive impacts on the environment
  • We selected: transportation, food production, household energy, industrial development & ICT as NB areas for intervention
  • Discussion on fuels/energy options and technologies
technical issues
Technical issues
  • Lack of petroleum products – largely imported
  • Poor infrastructure (rails, road harbours, etc)
  • Lack of fuel efficient technologies by transport sector
  • Huge potential for biofueltechnologies use by the sector but this is poorly developed
  • Primitive processing/harvesting technologies by rural communities
  • Poor mechanisation in the agric and industrial sectors
  • Poor irrigation technologies, despite abundance of water resources
  • Inefficient technologies for lighting (bulbs) & cooking (stoves)
  • Potential for biogas for household use but largely unused
  • Limited use of solar PV – because of high price
  • Limited access to electricity for rural households
  • A potential for SWH and solar cookers (for thermal applications) but not used
regulatory issues
Regulatory issues
  • Lack of good governance – policy making, regulatory regime, and consequently finance and investment
  • Integration of various energy sources/options
  • Regulation to enforce the local manufacturing and production of energy technology components
institutional issues
Institutional issues
  • Poor access to the markets to stimulate economic growth
  • Relevant research and development – technical capacity
  • Lack of business and management training by mainly rural population
  • Poor regional integration
  • No coordinated and effective capacity programme for the users of energy (on efficiency, energy/technologies options, finance, business models, etc)
capacity requirements for implementing a programme 1
Capacity requirements for implementing a programme (1)
  • Technical capacity building of local, national & regional institutions
    • How to generate up-to-date energy data to improve decision making and technology section
    • Information of various sources of energy supply & near-market technologies
    • Engineering skills for local production of energy technologies (universities curricula)
    • Skills to assess the costs and benefits of the chosen technology types
capacity requirements for implementing a programme 2
Capacity requirements for implementing a programme (2)
  • Policy development & implementation capacity building of local, national & regional institutions
    • Review of current policies, strategies, regulations and adapt to changed environment
    • Collect and keep up-to-date energy balance
    • Harmonisation of policies and strategies across ministries, across regions
    • How to prioritise intervention & integrate to the regional priorities
    • Role of institutes of higher learning in relevant policy research & knowledge transfer
capacity requirements for implementing a programme 3
Capacity requirements for implementing a programme (3)
  • Business development & management capacity building
  • Cost and benefits of various business models, technologies, markets, etc
  • Marketing strategies
  • Taxation regimes
  • Access to various types of finance options (development, venture capitals, loans, etc)
  • Commercialisation of R&D
  • Capital markets information
  • Information on Intellectual Property Rights on various technologies
experience in obtaining information
Experience in obtaining information
  • Technical capacity building
    • Use of internet to see available technologies
    • Literature
    • Universities and R&D organisations
    • Exchange programmes and project for technology development and transfer
  • Policy capacity building
    • Relevant policy institutions
    • Workshops, conference, symposiums
    • Media (TV, radio, newspapers)
    • Specialists, professionals, experts
  • Business development capacity building
    • All the above