sahara desert region n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
SAHARA DESERT REGION PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 29

SAHARA DESERT REGION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Sahara Desert covers most of No. Africa The largest desert in the world. North to South the Sahara is about 1000 miles & is about 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from east to west. Algeria, Libya, Sudan, Niger, Chad, Mauritania, Egypt, Mali, Morocco, Tunisia. SAHARA DESERT REGION.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
sahara desert region
Sahara Desert covers most of No. Africa

The largest desert in the world. North to South the Sahara is about 1000 miles & is about 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from east to west.

Algeria, Libya, Sudan, Niger, Chad, Mauritania, Egypt, Mali, Morocco, Tunisia

ancient present ghana
Geographically, the old Ghana is 500 miles north of the present Ghana.

The Portuguese were the first

Europeans to arrive and others

came later.

Kinship clans

Kings promised peace in return for gifts and taxes

Religious, judge, and military commanders

Both gold and salt were the dominant sources of revenue, exchanged for various products such as textiles, ornaments and cloth, among other materials

Ancient & Present Ghana
ghana 700s 1076
Ghana (700s-1076)
  • Soninke
      • Ghana means “war-chief”
  • Religious Beliefs
      • Animism with a mix of Islam
        • Belief that souls play an important role in daily life
the downfall of ancient ghana
The Downfall of Ancient Ghana
  • 1076 – Ghanaian capital captured by the Moors
    • From…?
    • Iberian Peninsula
  • Ancient Ghana continued to exist until swallowed up by….
mansa musa 1312 1335
Skilled warrior

Used violence to expand & maintain

Empire doubled

Divided empire into provinces

Hajj 1324-1325 devout Muslim gave away 100s of lbs. of gold

Europe learns of Mali’s wealth

Timbuktu became flagship

Ibn Battuta


MANSA MUSA-1312-1335
sunni ali 1464 1490
Sunni Ali (1464-1490?)
  • Captured Timbuktu (1468)
      • Strong military leader of Songhay Empire
      • Divided empire into provinces
      • Created hierarchy of command
      • Did not recognize Islam as state religion
askia muhammad 1492 1538
Askia Muhammad (1492-1538)
  • Muslim Rebellion
      • Overthrew Sunni Ali’s son
      • Continued Ali’s administrative traditions
  • 1591 Songhai Empire is invaded by Moroccan army and defeated

Walled cities:

    • Ruled surrounding farming villages
hausa city states
Hausa city-states
  • Kano and Katsina
      • Major trading centers because they linked west African nations with Mediterranean Sea
  • Zazzau
      • Involved in slave trade
        • How much blame should Africans take for the slave trade???
          • Does their participation justify the U.S.’s use of slaves???
      • Constant fighting among city-states prevented Hausa from becoming an empire

Yoruba Kingdoms

Spoke common language like Hausa peoples

yoruba kingdoms
Yoruba Kingdoms
  • Yoruba kings
      • Served as religious and political leaders
      • Ife and Oyo were two largest Yoruba kingdoms
        • Yoruba chiefs traced descent from first ruler of Ife
          • Ife chief most powerful
          • Secret society checked power
      • How did Hausa and Yoruba kingdoms compare to the large empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai???
          • Centralized governments
  • Similar to Ife
      • 1480s-contact with Portuguese
          • Traded pepper, leopard skins, ivory, and enslaved Africans
  • Kongo
      • Port. embedded in political affairs
      • Kings converted to Christianity
        • King Afonso I---Mbanza (Kongo of the Bell)
  • Ndongo
      • Angola
      • Heavy in slave trade
      • Strong resistance
        • Queen Nzinga
east africa
East Africa
  • Bantu-speaking people
      • Migrated east and settled in seaport villages
      • Traded with Arab merchants/settled in area
        • Arabic+Bantu=Swahili language
  • Wealthy city-state
      • Ibn Battuta
        • Impressed with houses of coral and stone
        • Ate on porcelain
        • Women wore silk robes, gold, and silver bracelets
  • Kilwa was last stop for Indian merchant ships
    • All goods had to funnel through Kilwa
  • Portuguese stumbled on wealth of Kilwa
    • Conquered Kilwa to exploit trade for
    • themselves
spread of islam
Spread of Islam
  • Increased commerce spread Islam
      • Rulers, merchants, and government officials mostly Islamic
      • Majority of people held on to traditional beliefs
        • Why the difference???
      • Muslims participated in slave trade

Shona people settled

  • land
  • Farmed
  • Raised cattle
  • Controlled trade
  • 1450: Great Zimbabwe
  • abandoned
mutapa empire
Mutapa Empire
  • Ruled area of Great Zimbabwe
      • Portuguese failed in conquering Mutapa but interfered in Mutapa politics
      • What are some similarities between the kingdoms of east, central, and west Africa???