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1. beacon (n.) a light or other signal that warns and guides; a lighthouse; anything that guides or inspires PowerPoint Presentation
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1. beacon (n.) a light or other signal that warns and guides; a lighthouse; anything that guides or inspires Sailors returning to port on a dark night search for the glow of a familiar _________. SYNONYMS: _________________________________. beacon. beam , flare.

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slide1

1. beacon(n.) a light or other signal that warns and guides; a lighthouse; anything that guides or inspires

Sailors returning to port on a dark night search for the glow of a familiar _________.

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

beacon

beam, flare

slide2

2. berserk (adj., adv.) violently and destructively enraged

A __________ gunman terrified the crowd of subway riders.

The wounded lion went __________ in his cage.

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

ANTONYMS: _________________________________

berserk

berserk

(adj.) mad, deranged

(adj.) sane, rational

slide3

3. celestial (adj.) having to do with the sky or heavens; heavenly; yielding great bliss or happiness

The sun is the brightest __________ body in our solar system.

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

ANTONYMS: _________________________________

celestial

ethereal, stellar, blissful

earthly, terrestrial, infernal

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4. chasten (v.) to punish (in order to bring about improvement in behavior, attitude, etc.); to restrain, moderate

Dad knows how to ___________the stubborn child with a firm but soothing voice.

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

ANTONYMS: _________________________________

chasten

discipline, temper

praise, commend, reward

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5. confiscate (v.) to seize by authority; to take and keep

The police will ____________that car and put it in the sealed lot.

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

ANTONYMS: _________________________________

confiscate

commandeer, expropriate

return, restore

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6. data(pl. n.) information; facts

For math class, we collected ________ on the Internet sites students visited during the past week.

data

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7. detract (v.) to take away from; reduce in value or reputation

Nothing can _________ or take away from your beauty!

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

ANTONYMS: _________________________________

detract

subtract from, lower

increase, heighten, enhance

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8. encounter (n.) a meeting (especially one that is unplanned); a meeting of enemies, battle;

(v.) to meet or come upon

Remember our ___________ with that skunk?

We might _____________ other curious visitors to the Crystal Caverns in Virginia.

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

ANTONYMS: _________________________________

encounter

encounter

(n.) confrontation; (v.) happen upon

(v.) avoid, sidestep

slide9

9. epic (n.) a long narrative poem (or other literary composition) about the deeds of heroes; an event or movement of great sweep;

(adj.) on a grand scale, vast

Beowulf, the English _______was written around the year 700.

It describes _______ struggles between the forces of good and evil.

SYNONYMS: ________________________________

epic

epic

(n.) saga, chronicle

slide10

10. pantomime (n.) a play or story performed without words by actors using only gestures;

(v.) to express in this way

The very outspoken street performer amused us when she suddenly included ____________ in her routine.

  We ____________ when we’re unable to speak.

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

pantomime

pantomime

(n.) charade, mime show, dumb show

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11. pessimist (n.) one who believes or expects the worst

A ____________sees a glass as half empty.

SYNONYMS: ________________________________

ANTONYMS: ________________________________

pessimist

killjoy

optimist, Pollyanna

slide12

12. precaution(n.) care taken beforehand; a step or action taken to prevent something from happening

I advise you to take every __________necessary to prevent a household fire.

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

ANTONYMS: _________________________________

precaution

foresight, prudence, safeguard

recklessness, heedlessness

slide13

13. prosecute (v.) to bring before a court of law for trial; to carry out

She was told she would not be ____________ if she restored the money.

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

ANTONYMS: _________________________________

prosecuted

put on trial, pursue

defend, abandon, give up

slide14

14. puncture (n.) a small hole made by a sharp object;

(v.) to make such a hole, pierce

He used a needle to make a small _________ in the balloon.

I tried not to wince as the hypodermic needle _____________ my skin.

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

puncture

puncture

(n.) perforation

slide15

15. retaliate (v.) to get revenge; to strike back for an injury

I would __________ for that cheap insult, but I fear it may only make matters worse.

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

ANTONYMS: _________________________________

retaliate

avenge, pay back, get even with

pardon, forgive, turn the other cheek

slide16

16. sham (adj.) fake, not genuine;

(n.) something false pretending to be genuine; a pretender; a decorated pillow covering

(v.) to pretend

The play includes a _______fight scene.

Her claim that she’s a princess is a _______.

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

ANTONYMS: _________________________________

sham

sham

(adj.) phony, counterfeit; (n.) fraud

(adj.) authentic, bona fide

slide17

17. uncouth (adj.) unrefined, crude; awkward or clumsy

Although the quality of his work was good, his ___________ attitude cost him the job.

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

ANTONYMS: _________________________________

uncouth

boorish, graceless

refined, polished, graceful, genteel

slide18

18. underscore (v.) to draw a line under; to put special emphasis on;

(n.) a line drawn under something

The dire situation in the hospital’s emergency room ____________the importance of having enough doctors and nurses available.

The word with the ____________is in Spanish.

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

ANTONYMS: _________________________________

underscores

underscore

(v.) underline, stress, emphasize, accent

(v.) downplay, de-emphasize, soft-pedal

slide19

19. wholesome (adj.) healthy; morally and socially sound and good; helping to bring about or preserve good health

He always eats ____________ and nutritious foods.

SYNONYMS: _________________________________

ANTONYMS: _________________________________

wholesome

nourishing, beneficial

harmful, unhealthy, baneful

slide20

20. wistful (adj.) full of melancholy yearning or longing, sad

Her __________ look made me sad.

ANTONYMS: _________________________________

wistful

cheerful, happy, contented, satisfied