Download
the human respiratory system n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Human Respiratory System PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Human Respiratory System

The Human Respiratory System

3 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

The Human Respiratory System

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. The Human Respiratory System

  2. Purpose • Gas Exchange • The lungs take in oxygen and let out Carbon Dioxide • Gas Exchange takes place between the lungs and capillaries

  3. Important Parts • The Respiratory system consists • Nose (Mouth) • Pharynx • Larynx • Trachea • Bronchi • Lungs • (Bronchial tubes/Bronchioles) • (Alveoli)

  4. Nose/Mouth Nose Mouth

  5. Nose/Mouth • Air moves from the nose to mouth and throat • This is a passageway for both air and food • As the air is taken in it is warmed up before traveling through the rest of the system

  6. Pharynx and Larynx Nose Mouth Pharynx Larynx

  7. Pharynx and Larynx • After the air is warmed its moves from the throat to the pharynx • The air than travels into the larynx

  8. Larynx • The vocal cords are two highly elastic folds of tissue in the larynx • Muscles pull together • Air causes the cords to vibrate and sound comes out

  9. Laryngectomy

  10. Trachea Nose Mouth Pharynx Larynx Trachea

  11. Trachea • A flap of tissue called the epiglottis covers the entrance to the trachea when you swallow • Held open by horseshoe shaped rings of cartilage. • The Trachea branches off into two large passageways called the bronchi • Each leads to a lung on each side of the chest

  12. Tracheotomy

  13. Bronchi Nose Mouth Pharynx Larynx Trachea R. Bronchus L. Bronchus

  14. Bronchi • In each lung, the bronchi are divided into small tubes called bronchioles • (***If a piece of food accidentally gets past the epiglottis, it will most likely fall into the right bronchus.***) • The left one has a sharper bend due to the presence of the heart and major blood vessels directly underneath it.

  15. Bronchial Tubes/Bronchioles Nose Mouth Pharynx Larynx Trachea R. Bronchus L. Bronchus Bronchioles

  16. Alveoli • Alveoli are at the ends of the bronchioles and are tiny air sacs that bunch together like a bunch of grapes • Each alveoli are surrounded by a bunch of capillaries that is the place of gas exchange between the lungs and blood

  17. Alveoli Nose Mouth Pharynx Larynx Trachea R. Bronchus L. Bronchus Bronchioles Alveoli

  18. Alveoli

  19. Lung Health • The hairs that line the nasal passageway trap large dust particles • Cells produce a think layer of mucus that traps inhaled particles • Cilia in the lungs sweep trapped particles and mucus away

  20. Gas Exchange • Oxygen diffuses in the moisture on the inner surface of the alveoli and then diffuses across the capillaries into the blood • Carbon dioxide in the blood diffuses in the opposite direction • Air in has 21% oxygen, .04 % CO2 • Air out has 15% oxygen and 4% CO2

  21. Breathing • Lungs have no muscles attached to them • A large, flat muscle at the bottom of the chest cavity is called the diaphragm controls the process

  22. Diaphragm Nose Mouth Pharynx Larynx Trachea R. Bronchus L. Bronchus Bronchioles Alveoli Diaphragm

  23. Breathing • When you inhale the diaphragm contracts and expands the volume of the chest cavity • This creates a vacuum and the lungs are forced to expand pulling in air • Breathing is controlled by the amount of CO2 in the blood, not O2

  24. Breathing

  25. Diseases • Emphysema is caused by loss of elasticity of the lungs-hard to breathe • Bronchitis is the bronchi being swollen and clogged with mucus • Lung Cancer is particular deadly because it spreads to other locations

  26. Other diseases • Pneumonia: alveoli become filled with fluid • Tuberculosis: bacterial infection of lungs that can cause a hole in the lungs

  27. The Respiratory System Nose Mouth Pharynx Larynx Trachea R. Bronchus L. Bronchus Bronchioles Alveoli Diaphragm