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    1. The Scientific Revolution By Margot Reisner, Dami Otepolabello, and Sebastian Sangervasi

    2. Tycho Brahe Discovered supernova in the constellation of Cassiopeia in 1572 Inspired King Frederick II of Denmark & Norway to fund an observatory for Tycho Brahe Constructed in 1576 on the island of Hvan. Tycho called it the Uranienborg, fortress of the heavens.

    3. King Frederick II died in 1588 The new king withdrew support for Tycho and he was removed from his observatory In 1601, Tycho Brahe accumulated most accuate pre-telescope astronomical data His data was later used by his assistant Johannes Kepler

    4. Copernican Universe The earth is one of the planets that rotates around the sun Nicholas Copernican His theory: the sun is the center of the universe 3 assumptions

    5. Galileo Galilei Mathematician First to see the four moons that orbit Jupiter Saw unknown stars Trained the telescope

    6. Johannes Kepler Born December 1571, in Wurttemberg Germany Attended University of Tubingen, studied theology and the classics Introduced to Copernicus theory of a heliocentric universe Gave up being a clergyman, and left Tubingen to become chair of Astronomy and mathematics in Austria Weil der Stadt, Wurttemberg is now part of Germany in GRAZ Austria Weil der Stadt, Wurttemberg is now part of Germany in GRAZ Austria

    7. Kepler devised a complex hypothesis describing how the planets are distanced 1596, he published a treatise entitled Mysterium Cosmographicum First written defense of Copernicus theory of a helocentic universe Tycho Brahe was so impressed with Keplers work that in 1600 he hired Kepler as an assistant including an idea that the sun had a constant force that kept the planets in motion and this force got weaker with distance Which means cosmographic mystery including an idea that the sun had a constant force that kept the planets in motion and this force got weaker with distance Which means cosmographic mystery

    8. Kepler published in 1609 Astronomia Nova included a calculation of the orbit of the planet Mars Used the theory that planetary orbits were elliptical and not cyclical 2. 3. P^2=a^32. 3. P^2=a^3

    9. Telescope Galileo was the first person to use the telescope to seriously study the heavens Hans Lippershey

    10. Sir Isaac Newton If I have been able to see further, it was only because I stood on the shoulders of giants

    11. Attended Trinity college in Cambridge Studied Aristotle and Plato Got Bachelors degree in April 1665 Became a professor in Cambridge in 1669 Elected president of royal society in 1703 Knighted in 1705

    12. Accomplishments Gravity Mass vs. Weight Trinity Bridge Planets orbit shapes Absolute Motion The newton

    13. Written Work Quaestiones Quadam Philosaphicae (1649) Principia (1687) Amicus Plato, Amicus Aristotle, magis amica veritas-Plato is my friend, Aristotle is my friend, but truth is my best friend De Analysi per Aequationes numeri terminorum infinitas Analysis by infinite series Of Colours (during time of black death)

    14. 3 Laws of Motion Inertia: A body remains in a state of rest until it is compelled to change by an outside force Force Law: Change in motion is proportional to the force impressed on it Action and Reaction: For every action, there is an equal opposite reaction

    15. The Scientific Method Frances Bacon: inductive reasoning Galileo: testing method Descartes: four laws of reasoning Boyle: teleology Hooke: science improved society Newton: four new rules for reasoning

    16. Bibliography Pictures: http://www.wilsonsalmanac.com/images1/newton_spectrum.jpg http://web.hao.ucar.edu/public/education/sp/images/principia.gif http://imagecache2.allposters.com/images/pic/PTGPOD/373124~Sir-Isaac-Newton-Posters.jpg http://www.nada.kth.se/~fred/tycho/Tycho_Brahe_Wandesburg_250.jpg http://www.mlahanas.de/Physics/Bios/images/JohannesKepler.jpg http://space.about.com/cs/astronomerbios/a/tychobrahebio.htm http://www.mlahanas.de/Physics/Bios/images/JohannesKepler.jpg http://www.uwm.edu/People/johntroy/Index_files/image005.jpg http://www.comparestoreprices.co.uk/images/bu/bushnell-deep-space-refractor-telescope-420-x-60mm.jpg http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/retrograde/copernicus.gif http://maesrv.mae.ufl.edu/~vql/courses/dynamics.1/jupiter_family.jpeg http://www.astrosurf.com/cidadao/moon_99_02_23_south.jpg Info: http://cnx.org/content/m13245/latest/ www.Inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blnewton.htm www.Newton.com.ac.uk/newtlife.html www.search.eb.com/eb/article-9108764 http://galileo.rice.edu/sci/theories/copernican_system.html http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/retrograde/copernican.html http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bltelescope.htm http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://content.answers.com http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/biography/Newton.html