Patricia g ndara ucla civil rights project proyecto derechos civiles
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PATRICIA GÁNDARA UCLA Civil Rights Project/Proyecto Derechos Civiles. PERCENT 25-29 YEAR OLDS WITH BA+. 25-29 Year Olds With BA+. 3 Explanations for the Gaps. Immigration : If we just stop immigration at the border, it will solve the educational problems

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Patricia g ndara ucla civil rights project proyecto derechos civiles

PATRICIA GÁNDARAUCLACivil Rights Project/Proyecto Derechos Civiles

3 explanations for the gaps
3 Explanations for the Gaps

  • Immigration: If we just stop immigration at the border, it will solve the educational problems

  • Language: If we just teach Latino students English quickly, they will catch up

  • Time: If we just wait it out, Latinos, like all other immigrant groups will move up the ladder of opportunity

Why does this matter
Why Does This Matter?

  • 53% of California students are Latino

  • 51% of Texas students are Latino

  • In ten states the Latino population has grown between 200% and 400% in the last decade

  • Latinos are 20% of all students in the US, and

  • Before 2025, Latinos will be one in every 4 students in the US

  • The future of the NATION is linked to how well Latinos are educated!

Context for latino students
Context for Latino Students

  • 35% of Latino youth live in poverty

  • 75+% are eligible for free/reduced lunch

  • 1/3 families lack health insurance; 2/3 in Texas

  • 60% of Latinos in the urban West attend schools that are 90%- 100% minority

  • Highest residential mobility; unstable parental employment

  • Low wealth – wealth is in housing, lost 88%

  • School performance is related to parent education and 40% of Latino parents have not completed high school

California s schools
California’s Schools

  • 1 Counselor for approx 900 students

  • 1 psychologist for approx 1400 students

  • 1 nurse for over 2700 students

  • 1 librarian for over 9,000 students

  • 1 social worker for over 15,000 students

By high school
BY HIGH SCHOOL +, 1979-2006

  • Up to 50% of Latino males in urban areas have dropped out of school

  • Latinos in general are performing several years behind their white peers

  • Only 36% complete A-G (49% White;69% Asian)

  • Most Latino survivors will “go on to college” but few will complete

  • Latinos attend less selective colleges than they qualify for

What if we don t solve this soon
What if we don’t solve this SOON? +, 1979-2006

  • 1 Million jobs for college educated individuals in California go unfilled by Californians by 2025,

  • While Latinos compete for jobs at the bottom

  • California’s per capita income DECLINES by 11% between 2000 and 2020

  • (Per capita income GREW by 30% between 1980 and 2000)

  • Gaps in income, wealth, and education between Latinos and others continue to grow

  • Social fabric frays

Six things we can do s podemos
Six Things We Can Do: Sí Podemos +, 1979-2006

  • Build on students’ assets

  • Create magnets, especially dual immersion schools to break down isolation

  • Train & recruit Latino & bilingual teachers

  • Focus on wraparound services

  • Strengthen outreach

  • Parent education

Build on students assets
Build on students’ assets +, 1979-2006

  • Strong social skills

  • “Border crossing” skills (biculturalism)

  • Bilingualism

  • Immigrant optimism

Dual immersion schools
Dual immersion schools +, 1979-2006

  • Exploding demand

  • Come closest to closing achvm’t gaps

  • Nurture important skills in the labor market

  • Better prepare students for the world they live in– break down isolation

Latino bilingual teachers
Latino/Bilingual Teachers +, 1979-2006

  • Having a Latino teacher predicts college going

  • Bilingual teachers are to building dual immersion schools

  • Both model an important role in global society

  • Bilingual use more research based strategies than monolingual teachers

  • Bilingual see parent contact as THEIR responsibility & able to evaluate the learning of ELs regardless of program type

Wraparound services
Wraparound Services +, 1979-2006

  • It is NOT deficit thinking to understand that poverty ravages hopes & dreams

  • Latino parents have very high aspirations

  • But poverty undermines them

  • Some organizations trying to do this: e.g., Communities in Schools, HCZ

  • Healthy Start a good model in CA

  • We must reinvest in this infrastructure

Strengthen outreach college access programs
Strengthen Outreach/College Access Programs +, 1979-2006

  • These programs have big limitations but they are an arrow in the quiver

  • Channel students to rigorous curriculum

  • Supplement counseling, esp at high school and community colleges

  • Provide critical information

  • Summer bridge and First Year Experience can have powerful effects

Parent information
Parent Information +, 1979-2006

  • “Sticker Shock” remains a major problem for parents

  • Also need information on how to prepare their children for graduation & college

  • Need to know how to monitor schooling

  • Need to know how to advocate

  • Programs such as PIQE work