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Standard 8

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  1. Standard 8 Social, economic and political issues in contemporary America.

  2. Day 1 Thursday

  3. 8.1 10 slides • Civil Rights Movement • Strategies • Court cases • Legislation • Advocates • Influences

  4. Civil Rights • The Civil Rights Movement had two main goals • Equal treatment • Right to vote • The DOI, Reconstruction, and 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments failed as securing African American rights

  5. Civil Rights • During WW2, African Americans demanded equal treatment in war industries • After WW2, they lost these jobs to white veterans • African Americans faced discrimination in the military through segregated units • Northern blacks experienced Jim Crow • Black veterans were lynched

  6. Civil Rights • President Truman established a civil rights commission to support anti-lynching laws and desegregate the military • International cooperation with Asia and Africa required the US to live up to its constitutional promises or face embarrassment

  7. Civil Rights • Strategies were based on Gandhi’s non-violent civil disobedience • Protest sites were specifically selected to show the nation and the world the face of racism • Montgomery Bus boycott • Sit-ins • Freedom rides • The Birmingham campaign • The March on Washington • Freedom Summer • Selma March

  8. “I Have A Dream” Speech

  9. Civil Rights • The NAACP used political power to promote Civil Rights legislation and court decisions • Brown v. Board of Education (1954) • Supreme Court decision that stated segregated schools violated the 14th Amendment • Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) which established ‘separate but equal’

  10. Civil Rights • Martin Luther King, Jr. insisted on non-violent demonstrations to gain political support • Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon advocated civil rights • The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 • Ended legal discrimination based on race, and overrode state laws (Jim Crow) • Voter registration of African Americans in the South increased tremendously

  11. Civil Rights • Truman’s support of civil rights prompted the creation of the Dixiecrats (Southern Democrats) • Democratic Presidents Kennedy and Johnson’s policies and Nixon’s Southern Strategy turned the solid Democratic south into a Republican stronghold

  12. Civil Rights • Malcolm X, Stokely Carmichael, and the Black Panthers led the black power movement • Protect and empower the African American community and promote ethnic pride • Northern, urban African American actions were extremely different from Southern African Americans • Southern segregation was de jure (by law) • Northern segregation was de facto (by tradition) • Televised reports of urban riots and black power rhetoric alienated the general public and undermined government support of the movement

  13. Civil Rights • Women, Latinos, and Native Americans were influenced by the Civil Rights Movement • Movements for the rights of Latinos and Native Americans was initially supported by the government but later lost support due to militant actions

  14. Women’s Rights • NOW (National Organization for Women) was created to promote women’s rights • The Feminine Mystique- 1963 book suburban housewives • The Civil Rights Act of 1964- outlawed discrimination based on race, ethnicity, nationality, religion and sex • Roe v. Wade- Supreme Court decision that ruled abortions were protected under “right to privacy” • The Equal Rights Amendment- proposed to guarantee the equal rights of women