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Latin American Law. > Pre-Columbian law > Incans and Aztecs. Last updated 27 Sep 11. Aztec Empire. Pre-Columbian Latin America …. Inca Empire. Government structure …. The people of LatAm found themselves ruled by home-grown monarchy then by another imported from Europe. Jim Rodden. God.

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government structure

Government structure …

The people of LatAm found themselves ruled by home-grown monarchy then by another imported from Europe.

Jim Rodden

slide6

God

Sun

Quetzacoatl

Inca

Aztec King

Pope

Alexander VI (1492)

Nobility (Toltec blood)

Tlalocan(Council 12-20 nobles)

Apocunas

Regional Governors

King

(Spanish / Portuguese)

Nobility

T’oqrikoqProvincial Governors

Calpixque (local Aztec governors)

Royal Councils

(Junta de Burgos)

Ethnic leadersHunu (10,000) / Chunca (10)

Calpulli(groups of 50-500 families

Conquistadores

Family units

Subjects

Subjects

Family units

slide7

God

Sun

Quetzacoatl

Inca

Aztec King

Pope

Alexander VI (1492)

Nobility (Toltec blood)

Tlalocan(Council 12-20 nobles)

Apocunas

Regional Governors

King

(Spanish / Portuguese)

Nobility

T’oqrikoqProvincial Governors

Calpixque (local Aztec governors)

Royal Councils

(Junta de Burgos)

Ethnic leadersHunu (10,000) / Chunca (10)

Calpulli(groups of 50-500 families

Conquistadores

Family units

Subjects

Subjects

Family units

slide9
Crime Punishment .

Adultery Death (by stoning but not men with single woman)

Commoner wearing cotton clothing Death (strangulation or beating)

Cutting down a living tree Death

Drunkenness 1st Offense - Head Shaved

House Destroyed

2nd Offense - Death

Handling Stolen Property Sold into Slavery

Moving a Field Boundary Death

slide10
Crime Punishment .

Kidnapping Sold into Slavery

Selling substandard goods Loss of Property

Major Theft Death (by strangulation)

Minor Theft Sold into Slavery

Treason Death, Loss of Property,

Destruction of Land,

Children Sold into Slavery

requerimiento leyes de burgos
Requerimiento / Leyes de Burgos

1: The Indians are to be removed from their land and placed into encomiendas.

2: The Indians will leave their land voluntarily to come to the encomiendas.

3: The citizen to whom the Indians are given must erect a structure to be used as a church. In the church must be a picture of Our Lady and a bell with which to call the Indians to prayer time.

4: To make sure the Indians are learning Christianity properly, they shall be tested every two weeks and taught what they do not know by the Encomendero. He shall teach them the Ten Commandments, the Seven Deadly Sins, and the Articles of Faith.

5: A church will be built equidistant from all estates. On Sundays, Mass shall be observed and a feast will be eaten.

slide13
Assimilating conquered peoples were never addressed by the British

Jim Rodden / Winslow Taylor

Basic features of Aztec law (written code, predetermined punishments, specialized courts, availability of counsel, evidentiary rights … come from basic nature of justice, not cultural similarities

Winslow Taylor

Aztecs codified the laws that were important to them: on commerce and military.

Jim Rodden

are slaves natives human

Are slaves/natives human?

Queen Isabella

Justinian Digest

III. De condicione hominum.

9. Et quidem summa divisio de iure personarum haec est, quod omnes homines aut liberi sunt aut servi

Las Leyes de Las Indias

Hernán Cortés

Doña Marina (la Malinche)

modern latam indigenous issues

Modern LatAm indigenous issues …

Liberation theology

Peru, Colombia, Mexico

panama

Panama

Chibchan / Chocoan / Cueva