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Introduction to K-6 Visual Arts Education
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  1. Introduction to K-6 Visual ArtsEducation By Deirdre Russell-Bowie and Moira Gibson

  2. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts Every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once he or she grows up. (Picasso)

  3. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie The benefits of including the Visual Arts • Personal expression • Develops imagination & creativity • A vital form of communication of ideas & thoughts in a non-verbal way • Develops problem solving skills • Develops language • Fosters self esteem • Develops fine motor skills

  4. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Visual Arts Lessons • Introduction • Motivating • Set rules and routines • Use stimulus (picture, music, artwork, poem, story, etc) • Demonstration • If new skills are to be learned • Make explanations clear • Repeat instructions, question for understanding

  5. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Visual Arts Lessons Development of skills, techniques & creative artworks • Allow children time to be creative • Be available to comment, praise, encourage, extend, keep children on task • Plan ahead for early finishers • Reflection and sharing • Talk with children about their artworks • Teach and reinforce the language of art • Check achievement of indicators from lesson plan

  6. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Practical tips for art lessons • Collect resources NOW • Check out school resources • Check out libraries, internet sites • Keep materials clean, tidy, labelled • Develop routines • Have children bring art smock

  7. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts Syllabus • Making – Forms and Matter Forms (drawing, painting, S3D, printmaking, clay, fibre, electronic media) Matter (people, living things, objects, places & spaces, events) • Appreciating – their own work and others

  8. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Subject matter • People • Real • Imagined • Different cultures • Different contexts • Portraits • Realistic/abstract/cartoon

  9. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Subject matter • Emotions • Art can be used to express emotions • Use emotions as a stimulus for art • Often easier to draw than write about how you feel Unknown Joy: Unknown joy is a mystery but we keep trying to find it in the world around us. JB

  10. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Subject matter Other Living Things • Animals • Birds • Fish • Reptiles • Plants • Trees…. I am the independent falcon: I am like the independent falcon who lives by itself and doesn’t need anyone to follow. I am strong and I never give up. TD

  11. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Subject matter Objects • Still life • Fruit • Flowers • Vegetables • Toys • Cultural objects

  12. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Subject matter Places and Spaces • Landscapes • Cityscapes • Australia and overseas • Remembered / pictures • Real or fantasy • Outer space The Country: Australia is a very dry country, so I chose yellow and orange to show this.JL Sydney Harbour Bridge: from observation (Charcoal)

  13. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Subject matter Events • Celebrations • Special occasions • Festivals • Cultural, historical, religious • Direct experience • Reading / internet / pictures New Year’s Eve

  14. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Using the language of Art • Elements of Art • Line • Give artwork shape • Bring focus / emphasis • Define or separate an object • In the classroom • Draw contours • Life drawings • Still life • Buildings, squiggle pictures My life rules:This artwork represents my life because everything in it means something to me. The big heart stands for kindness. The 4-coloured ball represents fun. The fish represents love and hate. The road signifies my love of cars. KH

  15. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Elements of Art • Tone • Use of light and shade • Tonal quality affected by use of light and dark colours • In the classroom • Use spotlight to show how one side can be light and the other dark; draw or paint this effect Picasso-styled self-portrait uses tone to express the artist’s emotions.

  16. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Elements of Art • Colour • Primary colours • Secondary colours • Tertiary colours • Brown, Grey • Complementary colours • Opposite • Analogous colours • Near

  17. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Elements of Art • Colour • Cool Colours • Warm colours • Monochromatic colours(Colour + black/white) • In the classroom • Create artworks exploring the different categories of colours

  18. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Elements of Art • Texture • Smooth, bumpy • Rough, prickly • Silky, sharp • In the classroom • Create rubbings • Photograph actual textures • Create collages

  19. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Elements of Art • Shape • Flat, 2D area defined by a boundary • Geometric • Irregular • Use lines to form boundaries • Can make 2D look 3D • In the classroom • Draw 3D objects on paper, concentrate on outline and shape

  20. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Elements of Art • Form • 3D shape • The space that an object takes up in its environment • Looks different from different angles • In the classroom • Create sculptures, carvings, papier mache artworks

  21. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Elements of Art • Space • Area between shapes and forms • Perspective gives 2D depth and reality • Crowded, empty • Positive (object) or negative (area around object) • In the classroom • Draw landscapes with background, middle and foreground • Examine artworks for perspective and create similar artworks • Explore negative and positive space

  22. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Elements of Art • Pattern • All around us • Effective in art • Symmetrical / Asymmetrical • Geometric / Irregular • In the classroom • Create geometric and irregular patterns • Use printing techniques to create patterns • Explore the work of Escher; create similar artworks

  23. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts Elements of Art: Test yourself! • L • T • C • T • S • F • S • P • Line • Tone • Colour • -Texture • Shape • - Form • Space • Pattern

  24. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Art Forms • 2D • Drawing • Painting • Printmaking • Marbling • Photography

  25. Drawing Why teach children to draw? Drawing is an extension of seeing- children acquire the abilities of : • Perception • Interpretation • Imagination • Communicating the way we see, think and feel about our world

  26. Different Types of Drawing • Explore different ways of making marks on the paper • Drawing to recall an experience • Imaginative drawings- futuristic event • Drawing from memory or observation • Drawings as illustrations • Cartoon drawings • Contour or continuous line drawings

  27. Drawing Media • Pencils (2B, 4B, 6B) • Coloured pencils • Crayons • Oil pastels • Charcoal • Felt tipped pens • Coloured inks

  28. Imaginative Drawings • These drawings can be imaginative, fantastic, futuristic, mysterious and can inspire students to draw in different ways • For example- a mysterious picture at night • Robots or space creatures • A city of the future • A happy picture or any other emotion

  29. Drawings from Observation • Drawings from close observations encourages children to look and see very carefully the properties and characteristics of what they are drawing -- a natural object -- an animal brought into the classroom -- an object such as a shoe -- a still life such as flowers

  30. Drawings from Different Perspectives • Look up at the clouds and imagine what shapes you can see in these forms • Look down at the earth & focus up close • Look through a magnifying glass & draw • Observe the textures & patterns of objects • Look through keyhole & draw • Look through a viewfinder & draw • Look at artist’s drawing and paintings • View things from an animal’s perspective

  31. Different Drawing Papers • Paper in a variety of sizes • Cartridge paper • Brown paper • Newspaper • Coloured paper • Cardboard • Silver, gold, black paper

  32. 2D Topics These are some of the topics you may consider for your CAPs presentation: -- Political cartoons -- Poster art -- Murals or banner-making -- Graffiti -- Advertising -- Fashion in art -- Portrait painting -- An Artist -- Landscape Paint -- Egyptian art -- Animals in art -- Asian art *Free Choice of topic

  33. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Art Forms • 3D • Sculpture • Mask making • Puppets • Collage • Paper making

  34. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Art Forms • 3D • Ceramics • Cards • Textiles: • Silk painting • Batik • Tie Dying • Weaving • Digital forms

  35. Art Appreciation Program art By Moira Gibson

  36. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Art Appreciation • The aim of an art appreciation program is to develop strategies for looking at art and making sense of what they see • An art appreciation program should assist students to understand their own art, as well as other artists

  37. Different forms of Art Appreciation • a child reviewing his/her own drawings • two children comparing their paintings • a discussion between a teacher and child about his/her progress • children researching about their favourite artist in books, magazine, videos, internet • a visit to an art gallery • an artist giving a talk to students • a class discussion about some artworks

  38. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Art Appreciation • Personal, reflective responses • Analyzing artworks in terms of elements, style, history • Explore artist’s intentions • Peer artworks • Visit art galleries

  39. Artmaps Ask questions about what we see:- • What is it? • Who made it? • What is it made of? • How is it made? • Where is it made? • When was it made? • Why was it made? • What is it about?

  40. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Art Appreciation What is it? Ken Done: Olympic Medallists’ Wildflowers(Naive, 21st C) Monet: Waterlilies(Impressionism, 19th C)

  41. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Art Appreciation Who created it? Da Vinci: Mona Lisa(Renaissance, 16th C) Elioth Gruner: Spring Frost(Realism, 19th C) Rembrandt: The Night Watch(Baroque, 17/18th C)

  42. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts Art Appreciation What is it called? Van Gogh:Starry Night(Post-Impressionism, 19th C) The Blue Boy:Gainsborough(Rococo, 18th C) Jackson Pollock:Composition(Abstract Expressionism, 20th C)

  43. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Art Appreciation – Why was it created? Ken Done:Olympic Games(Naive, 21st C) Picasso:Guernica(Cubism, 20th C)

  44. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Art Appreciation What media and techniques were used? Margaret Preston:WA banksia (Coloured woodcut) Rodin:The Thinker (Bronze sculpture)

  45. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Art Appreciation In what historical, cultural and geographical context was it created? Ingres:Joan of Arc(Neo-classicism, 18th Century) Kandinsky:St George(Expressionism:Early 20th Century) Goya: The Parasol(Romanticism, Mid-19th Century)

  46. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Art Appreciation • What message and/or emotions does it convey? Edvard Munch:The Scream Edvard Munch:Young Woman on the Shore

  47. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Art Appreciation • What might have happened before/after what is portrayed in the artwork? Perdreau:Hayride

  48. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Art Appreciation • What elements of visual arts were used to convey the message? LineToneColourTextureShapeFormSpacePattern Van Gogh:Sunflowers Picasso:Flowers

  49. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Art Appreciation • How does it compare with other artworks you have explored?

  50. Introduction to Visual Arts Education: Deirdre Russell-Bowie Visual Arts • Art Appreciation What utilitarian use does it have, if any? Annie Griffiths Belt:Signatures of 250,000 Australians join artist Fiona McDonald in supporting Aboriginal Claims