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PHRASES AND VERBALS. Appositives, Infinitive and Prepositional Phrases. Appositive. An appositive is a noun or pronoun -- often with modifiers -- set beside another noun or pronoun to explain or identify it. . Appositives. Your friend Jack is in the house.

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phrases and verbals


Appositives, Infinitive and Prepositional Phrases


An appositive is a noun or pronoun -- often with modifiers -- set beside another noun or pronoun to explain or identify it.

  • Your friend Jack is in the house.
  • Carlyn’s new dog, a small chihuahua, is running around the field.
  • My lawyer, an old friend of my mother’s, advised me not to talk to you.
  • A bold man, Odysseus tricked the Cyclops.
appositives use of punctuation
Appositives- use of punctuation
  • Use commas to separate appositives when:
    • The information is not essential to the sentence
      • My brother, a policeman, turned 50 yesterday.
    • “My brother turned 50 yesterday” does not need “a policeman” to know who the subject of the sentence is.
  • Do not use commas when:
    • The information is essential to understand the subject.
      • The Pulitzer Prize Winner BharatiMukherjee was at Border’s for a book signing event.
infinitives vs prepositional phrases
Infinitives vs. Prepositional Phrases

List infinitives

List prepositional phrases

  • To ____________
  • To
  • To
  • To
  • To ____________
  • To
  • To
  • For
  • On
  • After

An infinitive is a verbal consisting of the word to plus a verb; it may be used as a noun, adjective, or adverb.

infinitive phrases
Infinitive Phrases
  • I wanted to swim alone.
  • To believe in people is what inspires me everyday.
  • The genie decided not to grant all your wishes.
vocabulary sentences
Vocabulary Sentences
  • Write sentences at least 12 words long in OneNote. Follow the instructions for each one.
    • displace (v.) to change the place of; to place in another situation. Add an infinitive.
    • dubious (adj.) of questionable character; doubtful, uncertain, undecided. Add an appositive.
    • eccentric (adj.) departing from conventional norms or patterns; strange; odd. Add an infinitive phrase.
    • effigy (n.) a crude figure or dummy representing a hated person or group [was burned in effigy] Add an appositive.
    • effulgence (n.) a brilliant radiance Add an infinitive.
    • enamor (v.) to inspire with love; to captivate Add an infinitive phrase.
  • HW: Study allvocab and today’s grammar for quiz Monday.