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Revolutions. India Day 1. Index Card Quick Quiz. What country in Asia is home to the Himalayas and Gandhi? What European nation controlled India in the late 1800’s? What does passive resistance mean? Why is Gandhi an important figure in India?. Think About It.

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revolutions

Revolutions

India Day 1

index card quick quiz
Index Card Quick Quiz
  • What country in Asia is home to the Himalayas and Gandhi?
  • What European nation controlled India in the late 1800’s?
  • What does passive resistance mean?
  • Why is Gandhi an important figure in India?
think about it
Think About It
  • “ Passive resistance is a method of securing rights by personal suffering; it is the reverse of resistance by arms. When I refuse to do a thing that is repugnant to my conscience, I use south-force.” Gandhi 1938
slide4
EQ
  • EQ: Is passive resistance always the best solution to conflict?
british rule
British Rule
  • British took control of India had great ports for trade.
  • Brought railroads, telegraph lines, opened schools, English language helped unify the subcontinent.
  • But..taxes, no village industries.
  • British owned the land. Goal was to educated young Indians the Western Ways.
  • But they Indians would learn one thing…independence.
pressure
Pressure
  • Indians formed the Indian National Congress in 1885.
  • Goal was to gain independence
  • Anyone who went against British was sent to jail.
mohandas gandhi
Mohandas Gandhi
  • Educated man went to law school in England
  • Traveled to South Africa and saw how white South Africans treated blacks and Indians.
  • AGAINST harsh racial laws
  • Wanted justice but knew British were more “powerful.”
  • Used nonviolent resistance: peaceful protesting
  • Self Sacrifice
gandhi in india
Gandhi in India
  • Gandhi believed the injustice of colonial rule would be exposed by displays of Indian sacrifice.
  • Famous for the “Salt march”
  • Nonviolent boycotts on goods
  • While in jail he refused to eat, people learned about his sufferings through the news paper.
  • By 1945 Britain recognized India as an independent nation.
outcome
Outcome
  • Gandhi believed all South Asians should live peacefully.
  • But there was disagreements between the Muslims and Hindus.
  • Violence increased and India divided (partition).
  • Partition: to break apart
  • Gandhi was shot in 1948 by a Hindu extremist who stated Gandhi agreed with Muslims too much.
  • Death
vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Passive Resistance
think about it1
Think About It
  • Is passive resistance always the best solution to conflict?

Explain