What is an absolute phrase? • It is a group of words consisting of a noun or pronoun AND a participle!! • There can be other words (modifiers) in the sentence.
Why do we use absolute phrases? • Absolute phrases are valuable because they provide layers of detail in our sentences.
If an absolute phrase is in a sentence, can it be removed and the sentence still make sense? • YES!!! • An absolute phrase adds detail to a sentence, but it is not necessary information for the sentence to make sense.
Do I need to use a comma with absolute phrases? • YES!!!! • They are ALWAYS set off from the rest of the sentence with a comma or pair of commas. • Sometimes they are set off with dashes (but not often).
Can absolute phrase come anywhere in a sentence? • YES! • Absolute phrases can be at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence. • We will be working on all three of these the next three weeks!
Can you show me some examples of Absolute Phrases? • I SURE CAN!! Noun Participle • Ex. Their minds whirling from the avalanche of information provided by Mrs. Welty, the students left the classroom in a daze. • The italicized part still makes sense on its own.
Lets look at some more examples!!! • His head pounding, his hands shaking, the young man knelt and proposed marriage to his girlfriend. • What are the two nouns? • Head and Hands • What are the two participles? • Pounding and shaking
One More….. • Knees knocking, palms sweating, the child crept down the dark hall to investigate the noise. • What are the absolute phrases? • Knees knocking & Palms sweating
YOUR TURN!!! • Work with your seat buddy to: • Write a sentence about sports. • You must start your sentence with at least two absolute phrases!!!