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Phrases. Phrase. A group of words that does not contain a subject and a verb. A phrase by itself is a fragment and must be turned into a complete sentence. Example of a phrase: To find information. A phrase in a sentence: We went to the library to find information . Types of Phrases.

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phrase
Phrase
  • A group of words that does not contain a subject and a verb.
  • A phrase by itself is a fragment and must be turned into a complete sentence.

Example of a phrase: To find information.

A phrase in a sentence:

We went to the library to find information.

types of phrases
Types of Phrases
  • These types of phrases are often mistaken for sentences
  • Prepositional phrases
  • Appositive phrases
  • Verbal phrases
prepositional phrases
Prepositional Phrases
  • A group of words that contains a preposition, a noun, or a pronoun called the object of preposition and any modifiers of the object.
  • A prepositional phrase will always begin with a preposition (see page 426 in your Language book if you don’t remember your prepositions!)

Examples of prepositional phrases in sentences:

Devils tower is a tower of volcanic rock.

During a newscast I heard Lee speak.

appositive phrase
Appositive Phrase
  • Consists of an appositive and any modifiers it has (an appositive further identifies or describes another noun or pronoun [page 483])

Examples of appositive phrases and the word they further describe.

The Vescuzos live on Milner Lane, a wide street lined with beech trees.

Sam’s younger sister, Sue, speaks fluent Spanish.

verbal phrases
Verbal Phrases
  • Phrases that contain verbals
    • a verbal is a word that is formed from a verb but is used as another part of speech
    • common verbal endings are –ing, -d, and –ed or they have the word to in front of it
    • see page 342 for more information on verbals

To locate the verbal phrase, first find the verb in the sentence and then look for the verbal

Verbal phrases:

Our class interested in deserts

Learning about the Gobi Desert

Verbal phrases in sentences:

Engineers were responsible for designing the Brooklyn Bridge.

The sudden shattering of glass broke the silence.

She wants to study marine biology.

Note: There are three types of verbal phrases: participal, gerund, and infinitive (see pages 472 – 482)

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