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COST FP 1207 WG1 Working Group Meeting. Prof. Dr. Norbert Weber Prague, November 13-14, 2013. Introduction. Welcome Minute taker List of attendees Adoption of the agenda. Agenda. Discussion of presentations and posters (special purpose of the meeting) Publication strategy

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COST FP 1207 WG1 Working Group Meeting


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    1. COST FP 1207 WG1 Working Group Meeting Prof. Dr. Norbert Weber Prague, November 13-14, 2013

    2. Introduction • Welcome • Minute taker • List of attendees • Adoption of the agenda

    3. Agenda • Discussion of presentations and posters (special purpose of the meeting) • Publication strategy • Country reports (synthesis reports) • State-of-the-art report • Special Issue in JFPE • Forest terminology and semantic wiki • AOB

    4. Country-related synthesis reports General information Forest-related policy research Forest legislation and policy (actors, issues) Forest-related policy transposition (NFP, Natura 2000, EU Forest Strategy, EU Timber regulation…) Further aspects (e.g. distinction between forest-focused and forest-related issues)

    5. Setting of WG 1 • Forest-related policy targets and measures: • qualitative research on the implementation of forest-related policy targets and measures (state-of-art by the international expert team and country reports by national teams); • recommendations to deal with vertical and horizontal subsidiarity; • interaction with WG2 for the formulation of the requirements for policy modelling and analysis tools.

    6. Whatisourcommoninterest in WG 1? Forest-related policy targets and measures: • qualitative research on the implementation of forest-related policy targets and measures (state-of-art by the international expert team and country reports by national teams); • recommendations to deal with vertical and horizontal subsidiarity; • interaction with WG2 for the formulation of the requirements for policy modeling and analysis tools.

    7. STSM Short Term Scientific Mission for COST Action FP1207 • Authors: Dr. Luc Boerboom* (valentina.ferretti@polito.it), Johann Rathke***, MSc (Johann.Rathke@forst.tu-dresden.de) l.g.j.boerboom@utwente.nl) and Dr. Valentina Ferretti** ( • Title: Forest policy and policy science: mapping policy concepts and theoretical perspectives • Part 1: Development of concept domains. Applicant Dr. Luc Boerboom • Part 2: Elaboration of concept domains into concept maps. Applicant Dr. Valentina Ferretti

    8. Policy analysis might result in uncomfortable news…

    9. Excerpt from the protocol of WG 1 meeting on 18 June 2013 d) Special issue • Selected scientific papers according to the COST Action’s topic shall be collected in a special issue of the Journal of Forest Policy and Economics. Therefore, a WG meeting is planned for November 2013.

    10. AOB Looking for further contributions for the special issue? Country reports STSM ideas Time and venue of the next meeting

    11. Tasks of WG 1 – tobeelaboratedmore in detail Outcome-oriented issues • Identifying best practices and gaps in forest policy formulation and evaluation on national/subnational level • Assessing processes around forest policy in multi-level systems (pan-European - EU – national - subnational) Research-oriented issues • state of the art in forest policy analysis in the participating countries • Recommendations for modelling forest policy processes • Agent-based modelling? • …

    12. Next steps Call for participation in the working group Selection of international experts Selection of national experts One-page info for national members (using text from the MoUs) Defining requirements for WGs Workshop “policy targets and measures” to be held in 2013 Special issue “state of the art and country reports” Identifying candidates and themes for the STSMs

    13. COST FP 1207 ORCHESTRA: WG 1 Forest-related policy targets and measures

    14. Working Group 1: Reporting System

    15. Bypassing national forest policy Rathke 2013

    16. Policy Research and Analysis Policy Evaluation Weimer & Vining 2011, modified

    17. Thank you for your attention! nweber@forst.tu-dresden.de

    18. (Weimer & Vining, 1992) • PROBLEM ANALYSIS • Understanding the problem • Choosing and explaining relevant goals and constraints. • Choosing a solution method. SOLUTION ANALYSIS 4. Choosing evaluation criteria 5. Specifying policy alternatives 6. Evaluating: predicting impacts of alternatives and valuing them in terms of criteria 7. Recommending actions. (a) Receiving the problem: assessing the symptoms. (b) Framing the problem: analyzing market and government failures. (c) Modeling the problem: identifying policy variables. COMMUNICATION Conveying useful Advice to clients INFORMATION GATHERING Identifying and organizing relevant data, theories and facts; using facts as evidence about future consequences of current and alternative policies. Figure 8.1: A summary of Steps in the Rationalist Mode

    19. Weimer & Vining 2011

    20. Weimer & Vining 2011

    21. Theories of the Policy-making Process • The first generation of policy-making process theories • Scientific-rational model • Incrementalist model • Garbage can model • The second generation of policy-making process theories • Comprehensive rational model • The stages heuristic model • New Institutionalism model • The multiple stream model • The discourse model

    22. Perspectives and Processes in Policy Studies

    23. Processes for sustainable development and the international forest regime http://www.fao.org/forestry/13551-02fc7911f88b28bc54b804ba382712c38.gif

    24. International Forest Regime Complex F WTO free trade-regime F UNFF F Fragmented IFR-C FOREST F Other implicit and explicit rules, norms and principles relating to forests UN-CBD-regime F F F UN-FCCC-regime Giessen 2011

    25. Excursion: Intensity of forest discourses Arts et al. 2010

    26. Policyscienceisaboutrecognizingpatterns…

    27. ForestStrategy 2050 forSaxony

    28. Forest Strategy 2050 for Saxony Background • International Year of Forests 2011 • Forest Strategy 2020 of the Federal Government (adopted in 2011) Rationale • demonstration of solutions to reconcile the natural potential of Saxonian forests and the expected societal demands • Strategy of the Saxonian Government • 11 fields of action Waldstrategie 2050 Sachsen

    29. Forest Strategy 2050 for Saxony (2) Developed on the basis of … • Actual results of science and research • Opinions of the Landesforstwirtschaftsrat • Opinions of further partners with economic and social interests affected by the strategy Waldstrategie 2050 Sachsen

    30. Forest Strategy 2050: Fields of action Forest area Forest ownership Forest structure Continuity of forest functions Potential of wood from forests Forest and nature conservation Forest and recreation Forest and employment Forest and innovation Forest and environmental education General orientation for forests and forestry Waldstrategie 2050 Sachsen

    31. „Your opinion towards the Forest Strategy 2050“ All citizens are welcome to Communicate their opinion to the State Ministry of Environment and Agriculture until April 30, 2013 participation on level two

    32. Groups of actors influencing forest policies • Ministeries, Authorities, Administrations  • Forest Owners and Landowners‘ Associations • Associations of the Forest and Paper Industries • Associations of Forest Professionals and Trade Unions  • Hunting Associations • Environmental and Nature Conservation Organizations • Regional planning • Tourism and sports • Water supply • Further organizations

    33. Working Group Conservation (LAG) opinions Expert Opinion (§57 (1) SächsNatSchG) Nomination forthemembersoftheadvisoryboard Representation Opitions / righttosue Projects, plans, administrative procedures Participation in Nature Conservation Authoritiesfor Nature Conservation Accreditedorganisationsof Nature Conservation (accordingto § 56 SächsNatSchG) Landratsämter/ Kreisfreie Städte (untere NatSchBehörde) Landesdirektion Sn (obere NatSchBehörde) SMUL (oberste NatSchBehörde) Justification in caseofnonconsideration Composition (Members, Appointment) Chair/management Briefing Guid-ance Chairedbytherespectiveheadofthenatureconservationagency Advisory Boards for Nature Conservation Saxony Level of sub-statelevelconservationagenciesN

    34. advisoryfunkction State Ministryof Environment andAgriculture Highesthuntingauthority Advisory Board forHunting Advisory Board for Hunting Hunters Huntingcommunitiesforcertainanimalspecies HuntingCooperatives Agriculture Forestry Hunting Science Hunter Profressionals Fisheries Nature Conservation AnimalProtection Veterinarians

    35. Strategic alliance:Concerted opinion against the draft of the new hunting act • Saxonian forest owners‘ association • Landowners‘ association • Saxonian Forestry Association • Forestry Professionals • PEFC Saxony • Association of ecological hunting • Working group on close-to-nature forestry • Environmental NGO for forests • Environmental NGO (Saxonian group of FoE) • local NGO

    36. Quelle: Forst und Holz Nr. 20, 1998

    37. Forest Policy Program of Saxony, 1998 • Elaborated by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forests • Consisted of general principles and objectives of the Saxonian forest policy • Multifunctional forestry as sustainable, close-to-nature and environmental friendly land use • Preservation of forests as principal aim • Mulit-functional forestry includes sustainability, equal ranking and simultaneity of forest functions