Chapter 12 Kingdoms and Trading States of Africa. Ge graphy of Africa. Tropical rainforests cover less than 5% of the land. The rainforests have thick vegetation and a heavy amount of rain which makes it very moist.
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Kingdoms and Trading States of Africa
Africa’s largest and most populated climate zone is the savanna, or grassy plains. The savanna generally has good soil and enough rainfall to support farming.
Climate Zones of Africa
The ancient kingdom Nubia was formed on a wide band of fertile land along the Nile. Nubian rulers adopted many Egyptian traditions. They built palaces and pyramids modeled on Egyptian styles.
Advancements of Africa
One of the greatest emperors , Mansa Musa, fulfilled one of the five pillars of Islam and made his pilgrimage to Mecca. Wherever he stopped on his way, he spread his generosity and gave the people there goods and gold.
Islam in Africa
The 5 pillars of Islam are what hold the Islamic religion together.
1 - Declaration of faith.
2 - Daily prayer.
3 - Giving charity to the poor.
4 - Fasting during Ramadan.
5 - Pilgrimage to Mecca.
By 1000 A.D., port cities in Africa were thriving from trade across the Indian ocean. Some of the things that were produced in Africa that they traded were ivory, rhinoceros horn, hides, and gold. Some immediate affects from the trading were that there was thriving commerce in Mogadishu, Kilwa, and Sofala. There was also a rise of strong East African city-states and a rise of slave trade. There was also the introduction of crops and animals from the Middle East and Asia.
The newcomers brought improved farming methods. They produced enough food to support a growing population.
The Stones of Great Zibabwe
Economy and Government
Zimbabwe reached its height in about 1300. By then, it tapped nearby gold resources and created profitable commercial links with coastal cities like Sofala.