Kingdoms and trading states of east africa
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Kingdoms and Trading States of East Africa. Chapter 11 Section 3. Axum. Located in present day Ethiopia and Eritrea Influenced by Judaism & Islam Spoke a unique language – geez Controlled a triangular trade network connecting Africa, India, & the Mediterranean from the port city of Adulis

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Kingdoms and trading states of east africa
Axum

  • Located in present day Ethiopia and Eritrea

  • Influenced by Judaism & Islam

  • Spoke a unique language – geez

  • Controlled a triangular trade network connecting Africa, India, & the Mediterranean from the port city of Adulis

  • Christianity was the official religion by the late 300s

  • Declined due to civil war and economic stresses


Ethiopia
Ethiopia

  • Isolated by mountains

  • Remained independent due to the unifying power of their Christian faith

  • King Lalibelabuilt unique churches carved downward into rock

  • Ethiopian kings claim descent from King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba – many Ethiopians were influenced by Judaism


East african city states
East African City-States

  • Controlled trade between India & Africa – sailing was easy due to monsoon winds

  • Trade made the African city-states powerful and rich (ex: Kilwa)

  • Swahili resulted from the blend of cultures and was both a culture and a language

  • Swahili means of the coast and is written in Arabic script


Great zimbabwe
Great Zimbabwe

  • located on the Limpopo River

  • Zimbabwe means “stone houses”

  • Was a great inland trading state

  • Declined by 1500 due to civil war and dwindling trade