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Kingdoms and Trading States of Africa. By Ben Skiles Period 5 Honors World History (Part III Section 5). Vocabulary. Nuclear Family—family unit consisting of parents and children Griots —professional storyteller in early West Africa. Bantu Migrations.

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kingdoms and trading states of africa

KingdomsandTrading Statesof Africa

By Ben Skiles

Period 5

Honors World History

(Part III Section 5)

  • Nuclear Family—family unit consisting of parents and children
  • Griots—professional storyteller in early West Africa
bantu migrations
Bantu Migrations
  • A migration of people that was a major cause of the diversity of African cultures
    • Probably occurred because of changes in the environment
  • Bantu peoples moved from West and North Africa to different regions of southern Africa
  • Today one third of Africans speak a language similar to the original Bantu dialect
the kingdom of nubia
The Kingdom of Nubia
  • Also known as Kush
  • Was ruled by powerful kings and queens for 4,000 years
  • Began developing south of ancient Egypt, who often conquered Nubia’s land
    • Nubia always regained what was lost
  • Around 500 B.C. Nubia’s capital was moved to Meroë
  • About A.D. 350 the African kingdom Axum conquered Nubia
north africa
North Africa
  • North Africa and Egypt were once ruled by Greeks and then Romans
  • While under Roman rule, Christianity spread throughout
  • Islam later replaced Christianity and became the main religion
    • North Africa traded grain, wine, ivory, and gold through the global trading associated with the Muslim civilization
kingdoms of west africa
Kingdoms of West Africa
  • Settled farming villages began expanding in A.D. 100
  • Camels revolutionized trade across the Sahara
    • Gold and saltwere major products
    • Ghana, Nigeria, and Senegal had large amounts of gold
    • Salt was equally valuable
      • Salt is needed in people’s diet
      • West Africans traded gold to North Africans in exchange for salt
  • Took over Ghana sometime after the 1100s
  • By 1250 it controlled gold-mining and salt supplies of the Sahara
  • Mansa Musa (MAHN sah MOO sah)
    • Greatest emperor
    • Expanded Mali’s borders
    • Journeyed to Mecca to fulfill the hajj, forming ties to other Muslim states
trade routes of east africa
Trade Routes of East Africa
  • Axum
    • An important trading center
      • Linked trade routes between Africa, India, and the Mediterranean civilizations
    • Christianity was a main link to the Mediterranean world in the 300s
    • By 600s Islam overtook Christianity in most of North Africa
      • Axum became an isolated Christian civilization
      • Axum’s power and influence declined
  • Arab and Persian merchants created Muslim communities when Axum declined
many peoples many traditions
Many Peoples, Many Traditions
  • Religion
    • Religious beliefs were different and complex
      • African villages were commonly polytheistic
      • Christianity and Islam communities were spread in some parts of Africa
  • Family
    • Family life varied
      • Nuclear families—family unit with parents and children
      • Joint families—family unit with several generations in same house or houses
explaining their history
Explaining Their History
  • Preserved by oral and written literature
  • Griots, or professional poets, told ancient stories in West Africa
  • Stories often praised heroic deeds of famous ancestors
  • Moral lessons were taught by folk tales
extra facts
Extra Facts
  • Songhai (around 1400s through 1586) created the largest state that had ever existed in West Africa.
    • In 1586 civil war and foreign invasion weakened and separated the powerful kingdom
  • Scientists believe that the first human race first came from East Africa