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Homeworking and Health & Safety

Homeworking and Health & Safety

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Homeworking and Health & Safety

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  1. Homeworking and Health & Safety IOSH Merseyside Branch Village Hotel, Bromborough 6 November 2007 Nick Wilson, CMIOSH H&S Consultant Regulatory Services Unit

  2. Who on earth…… • Chartered H&S Practitioner • Formerly HSE Inspector & Nestle • NWIOSH Committee member • Accredited training and consultancy

  3. Programme • Background to homeworking • Legal responsibilities • Hazards and risk control • Further references

  4. We like statistics • 345,000 in 1981 to 680,000 in 1998 (LFS) • 2.1 million in 2004 (ONS) • 8 million occasional homeworkers • Underestimated?

  5. Why the increase? • Work life balance • Flexible work ‘right to request’ 2003 • Increased efficiency ‘‘A revolution in technology has made the work-from-home dream a reality for millions of British workers’’ www.bbc.co.uk: 2004

  6. Advantages • Increased productivity • Childcare arrangements • Financial flexibility • Cost efficiencies • Reduced travel time • Greater freedom • Greater control

  7. Disadvantages • Isolation, stress, insecurity • Poor communication • H&S disregarded • Poor working conditions • Classed as self employed • Irregularity of work • Rates of pay

  8. So am I or aren’t I....... • An arrangement whereby an employee works at home. • Explicit contract term • Occasional basis.

  9. Oh yes you are An employee is at work throughout the time when he is in the course of his employment HSWA 1974, s 52 (1)

  10. Legal responsibilities • HSAW 1974 S(2) & (3) • Same obligation to homeworkers (information, instruction, training and supervision) • Extends to risks to others HSAW 1974 S(7) • Reasonable care for themselves • Must cooperate

  11. Legal responsibilities • MHSW Regs 1999 Reg 3, 10 & 13 • Assess the risks • Includes those not in his employment • Provide information and training

  12. Regulations Man Handling PUWER 1st Aid DSE CoSHH EaW Regs RIDDOR PPE Noise Workplace

  13. Here’s some good news Workplace (Health, Safety & Welfare) Regs 1992 do not apply to domestic premises

  14. providing… Common entrance

  15. Kids - don’t you just love em

  16. Hazards and controls • Ideally separate room • Good access • Sheds, garages, attics, cellars not recommended • ENVIRONMENTAL • Space • Lighting • Ventilation • Temperature HSAW Act 1974 & MHSW Regs 1999

  17. Hazards and controls • Suitable for purpose • VDU assessment • Suitable seating • Provide information • VDU’s • Back problems • MSD’s • Ergonomics • Fatigue The Health and Safety (DSE) Regulations 1992

  18. Ideal?

  19. Hazards and controls • Suitability • Maintained • Protective devices • Training provided • WORK EQUIPMENT • Cuts, burns, entanglement • Noise/vibration • Electrical danger • Storage The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998

  20. Hazards and controls • Domestic system suitable • Maintained and inspected • Circuit breakers • Smoke detectors • ELECTRICITY • Electric shock • Fire The Electricity at Work Regs 1989

  21. Hazards and controls • Means of exit • Smoke alarm • Fire fighting measures • FIRE • No proper storage • No regular collection • Fire fighting equipment? HSAW Act 1974 & MHSW Regs 1999

  22. Hazards and controls • Inform, instruct and train • Provide lifting aids • Improve layout • MANUAL HANDLING • Bulky objects • Files • Deliveries • Lack of assistance Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992

  23. Hazards and controls • Appropriate furniture • Cable tidies • Spillage kit • Footwear • SLIPS AND TRIPS • Cluttered workspace • Trailing cables • Contaminants • Change in level HSAW Act 1974 & MHSW Regs 1999

  24. Hazards and controls • CoSHH assessment • Adequate ventilation • Suitable PPE • HARMFUL SUBSTANCES • Breathing difficulties • Skin irritation • Eye irritation • Ingestion The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regs 2002

  25. Hazards and controls • Face to face contact • Inclusion in events • Office meetings • Dedicated line • STRESS • Isolation • Poor communication • Excessive demand HSAW Act 1974 & MHSW Regs 1999

  26. Should I be worried? • 76 people die every week • 2.8 million people require hospital treatment • Children most vulnerable 0 – 4 yrs • Boys worse than girls

  27. Research Report 262, HSL • If we don’t lift properly that’s our problem • Sometimes when there’s a pile of them they get a bit wobbly. • They like to help out…sometimes I give them little jobs to do • They’d be pulled up by other people • If you phone you never get through

  28. Managing the risks • Develop a homeworking policy • Carry out risk assessments (self – assessments) • Provide training (computer based packages) • Encourage accident reporting

  29. Home visit v self assessment • Depends on work • Must not what to look out for • Use checklist • Target high risk scores • Get photographs of work area

  30. Reference material • Homeworking guidance for employers and employees on Health and Safety (INDG226), 2003 • Working alone in safety (INDG73), 2002D

  31. cont’d • HSL/2002/18 – Scoping exercise for research into the H&S of homeworkers – HSL, O'Hara, 2002 d • Health and safety of homeworkers: Good practice case studies – Research Report 262, HSL, O'Hara, 2004 • The National Group on Homeworking: www.ngh.org.uk

  32. Nick Wilson- Health and Safety Consultant nick.wilson@weightmans.com 0151 242 7904 Weightmans LLP Solicitors Liverpool Manchester Leicester Birmingham London