chapter 3 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 3 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 3

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 46

Chapter 3 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 437 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 3. Morphology. Grammar Safari (xtra credit). Find a morphemically creative word From a naturally occurring source Tell us: What the word means How you know (what each morpheme means) Tree it (we’ll see how to do this later) Example: On next slide… . Safari Example.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 3' - cher


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 3

Chapter 3

Morphology

grammar safari xtra credit
Grammar Safari (xtra credit)
  • Find a morphemically creative word
    • From a naturally occurring source
    • Tell us:
      • What the word means
      • How you know (what each morpheme means)
      • Tree it (we’ll see how to do this later)
  • Example:
    • On next slide…
safari example
Safari Example
  • Word:
    • Bugetarian
  • Meaning:
    • One who eats only bugs
  • How I know
    • Bug= “root
    • -etary= having to do with
    • -ian= one who does…(compare “vegetarian)
  • Tree:

Noun

(Noun)

-etary(N or Adj)

-ian(N)

Bug(root)

what s missing
What’s Missing?

was very chalant, despite my efforts to appear gruntled and consolate. I was furling my wieldy umbrella… when I saw her… She was a descript person… Her hair was kempt, her clothing shevelled, and she moved in a gainly way.

What’s the pattern in the missing stuff?

I

little sounds mean a lot
Little Sounds Mean a Lot
  • What are functions of prefixes & suffixes?
    • Prefixes/Suffixes = Morphemes
  • Make a list –
    • List as many as you can in 1 minute
    • Which morphemes change the meaning?
    • What do the others do?
formal definition morpheme
Formal Definition: Morpheme
  • Smallest unit of meaning in a language
  • Not necessarily independent
  • Creative potential
  • Each has only one meaning
just do it creating words
Just Do it: Creating Words
  • Define “Blog” (noun, verb)
  • Define “Blogger” (noun only)
  • Create an ADJ = “like an opinionated posting”
    • “That sounds a little ____________________.”
  • Create another ADJ
    • “I don’t trust her ______________ pronouncements.”
  • Create an ADV = “as a blogger would do something”
    • “Jack always writes so ___________________.”
  • Create a NOUN = “the act of a person who blogs”
    • “She’s doing a bit of _________________”
  • In the New York Times William Safire wrote about the “Blogiverse” What do you suppose he meant?

Exercise 3.1

words like blogosphere are
Words like “Blogosphere” are:
  • Dumb – they should always be avoided
  • OK in comics strips – not in ‘real life’
  • ‘Avante Guarde’ – to be used by the daring
  • Great – use them whenever possible
extremely morph y
Extremely Morph-y
  • Antidisestablishmentarianism
  • How many morphemes are there?
    • 3
    • 5
    • 7
    • 9
    • None of the above
extremely morph y10
Extremely Morph-y
  • Antidisestablishmentarianism
  • Identify the morphemes…
  • What does each morpheme mean?
    • Which are bound?
    • Which are free?
derivational morpheme
Derivational Morpheme
  • A morpheme which causes a word to change in meaning &/or grammatical category
    • (anti-dis-establish-ment-ari-an-ism)
      • anti = meaning change
      • dis = meaning change
      • establish = free root
      • ment = grammatical change (V  N)
      • ari (ary) = grammatical change (N  Adj)
      • (i)an = grammatical change (Adj  N)
      • ism = meaning change
list some others
List Some Others…
  • Bound Morphemes(No need to make real words…)
  • Free Morphemes(No need to make real words…)
did you get it
Did You Get It?
  • How many morphemes are in

“Unexpectedly”

  • 1
  • 3
  • 5
  • 7
did you get this too
Did You Get This, Too?
  • How many BOUND morphemes are in

“Destandardize”

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
tree unexpectedly
Tree: Unexpectedly

ADV

ADJ

VERB

VERB

expect(verb)

ed(past)

ly(adj adv)

Un(not)

you try it destandardize
You Try It: Destandardize

verb

verb

noun

ize(NV)

Stand(verb)

ard(VN)

De(not)

do on your own
Do On Your Own
  • Outside of class…
    • Exercise 3.2 p. 40
    • Exercise 3.3 p. 40 – 42
    • Exercise 3.4 p. 42

The chart at the bottom of page 41 may be helpful

find your own
Find Your Own
  • Using your Grammar & Communication paper, find a word with:
    • At least 4 morphemes
    • At least 2 FREE morphemes
    • At least 2 suffix morphemes
questions

Questions

Before we move on…?

tell me about it
Tell Me About It…
  • Manching my swiltestfresnep all day, the tunkles are bronking to murple a set of swazzlingphubren!
  • Label the Part of Speech (POS) of the underlined words… (N, V, ADJ, ADV)
  • What morphemes helped you decide?
think about it
Think About It
  • List the morphemes that we saw above
  • Are these derivational morphemes?
  • What do these morphemes do?
    • Put the morphemes on other words
    • Put the new words in sentences
    • Think about what you see…
key vocab
Key Vocab:

Inflectional Morpheme

  • A morpheme that marks words for grammatical class WITHOUTchanging the basic meaning
inflection
Inflection

In English:

  • Nouns Plural: ___ , Possessive: ___
  • Verbs Tense/Person ___, ___, ___, ___
  • Adj/Adv Comparative/Superlative ___, ___
inflection fyi
Inflection (FYI)
  • Marking a word for a grammatical class
    • Plural
    • Possessive
    • Tense
    • Contrast
    • Gender
    • Gram. Class
    • Person’s Role
    • Etc.

}

English

}

Other Languages

did you get it26
Did You Get It?
  • How many morphemes are in:

The cakes were eaten

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
did you get it27
Did You Get It?
  • How many morphemes are in:

The cakes were eaten

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
did you get it28
Did You Get It?
  • How many morphemes are in:

The cakes were eaten

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
did you get it challenge
Did You Get It? - Challenge
  • How many morphemes are in

photographers’

  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
just do it
Just Do It
  • Exercises
    • 3.5 (p. 48-49)
    • 3.6 (p. 49)
what s the function of the present tense here
What’s the function of the present tense here?
  • The birds are watching the tree go away now
  • It’s habitual – the tree disappears every week
  • It’s currently relevant - The birds just noticed
  • This example does not use the present tense
and another exercise

And another exercise…

… related point:

i told you earlier
I Told You Earlier
  • Each morpheme as only one meaning
  • But what about:
    • dogs
    • writes
  • And on the flip side…. (next slide)

They are kind of like…

allomorphs
Allomorphs
  • Readable
  • Readability
  • Incredible
  • Unbelievable
  • Other pairs?
zero allomorph
Zero Allomorph
  • Verb
    • I cut the cards (yesterday or everyday)
    • ______ (another example?)
  • Noun
    • Deer (1 or ‘more than one’)
    • ______ (another example?)
more funky stuff

More Funky Stuff…

…on the next slide

functional shift
Functional Shift
  • Each of these words can fill 2 (or more) functions

Record Cap Fly Heavy

Result Seat Finish Yellow

  • What functions does each word fill?
  • How does the meaning shift for each?
  • Now add morphemes… What can you create?

Exercise 3.7

did you get it challenge40
Did You Get It? - Challenge
  • How many Parts of Speech (POS) can we make using morphemes added to:

High

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4

Show each POS in a sentence…

derivation vs inflection
Derivation vs. Inflection

See also chart on page 55

find correct the error
Find & Correct the Error
  • As I read the article by Julia P. Stanley on Homosexual Slang, a lot of things came as a surprise, however something’s were familiar because of my relationship with homosexual peers.
  • Hint: Look at inflectional morphemes
find correct again
Find & Correct Again
  • After gathering drawings of embryonic fish, salamander, hog, calf, rabbit, and human, Haeckel discovered that they all appeared similar in the earliest stages of development.
    • How does morphology matter here?
any morphological errors

Any Morphological Errors…

… in your G & C paper?

do it
Do It
  • Exercise 3.11
    • Morphing & Unmorphables (p. 56)
  • Review Exercises
    • pp. 57-58

NOTE: All the exercises in the text are relevant & good

– even those that aren’t listed in the slides…

for tomorrow
For “Tomorrow”
  • TPQ on Chapter 3
  • Begin reading Chapter 4