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The High Middle Ages. William the Conqueror & the Introduction of Feudalism. OBJECTIVES. Our lesson today is designed to look at the social structure of England in the High Middle Ages and determine what impact the feudal system had on the people of different social classes.

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the high middle ages

The High Middle Ages

William the Conqueror

& the Introduction of Feudalism

objectives
OBJECTIVES

Our lesson today is designed to look at the social structure of England in the High Middle Ages and determine what impact the feudal system had on the people of different social classes.

topics of discussion
Topics of Discussion
  • What was life like in the HMA?
    • How was society structured?
  • The Feudal Contract
    • Building social contracts
  • Constructing the Feudal Pyramid of Power
  • Relationship Between the Social Classes
  • Why was it necessary?
getting started
Getting Started
  • So what was life like in England in the High Middle Ages?
  • Based on your reading of the story yesterday after the test, come up with 3 – 5 predictions about what life was like back then
    • Questions to think about:
      • Type of government?
      • People’s rights?
      • People’s jobs?
contracts
Contracts
  • What are contracts and why do we have them?
  • What are some examples of contracts?
  • What types of contracts might people use back in the HMA?
    • What purpose would they serve?
the feudal contract
The Feudal Contract
  • Read pages 45 & 46
  • Answer questions #1 and 2c
  • When you are finished we will discuss these!
feudalism is
Feudalism is…
  • Fealty
    • Must be loyal (follow rules and pay taxes/tithes)
  • Feif
    • Own or work on a piece of land
  • Faith
    • Must go to church
because
Because…
  • Feudalism originated partly as result of Viking, Magyar, Muslim invasions
  • Kings unable to defend their lands, lands of their nobles
  • Nobles had to find way to defend own lands
  • Built castles, often on hills
  • Not elaborate structures; built of wood, used as place of shelter in case of attack
and also because
And also because…
  • Back then, people were divided into a variety of social classes/groups
  • How might they have been grouped?
    • What did they base these groupings on?
constructing the pyramid of power1
CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER

LESSER NOBLES

(KNIGHTS)

LABOR

PROTECTION

SERFS AND FREEMEN

constructing the pyramid of power2
CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER

POWERFUL

NOBLES

LAND AND

PROTECTION

LOYALTY AND

MILITARY SERVICE

LESSER NOBLES

(KNIGHTS)

LABOR

PROTECTION

SERFS AND FREEMEN

constructing the pyramid of power3
CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER

KING

LOYALTY AND

SERVICE

LAND

POWERFUL

NOBLES

LAND AND

PROTECTION

LOYALTY AND

MILITARY SERVICE

LESSER NOBLES

(KNIGHTS)

LABOR

PROTECTION

SERFS AND FREEMEN

relationship between lords and vassals
Relationship Between Lords and Vassals
  • The relationship between lords and vassals made up a big part of the political and social structure of the feudal system
  • Vassals had certain duties to perform for the lord
  • All nobles were ultimately vassals of the king.
workers on the manor
Workers on the Manor
  • There were two groups of peasant workers on the manor
  • Freemen- skilled workers who paid rent and could leave the manor whenever they wished. (They usually had a skill needed by others on the manor.)
  • Serfs – workers bound to the land by contract with the nobles. (They had no freedom - they where the noble’s property.)
feudal contract
Feudal Contract

LORDS

GIVE

SERVICE

TO

GIVE

PROTECTION TO

VASSALS

the impact of feudalism
The Impact of Feudalism
  • Read page 47
  • Answer questions # 3a and 3b
  • We will discuss these before doing a short review practice quiz
review
REVIEW

Let’s see how much you remember!

  • Everyone owed loyalty to the ________
  • _______ were really the most powerful. They got _______ from the king.
  • Lesser nobles (knights) gave _________ _________ in return for land
  • _______ were bound to the land. They worked in return for ____________.
  • __________ were skilled workers. They paid rent to the ______ and were free to move if they wanted to.
check your answers
Check Your Answers
  • Everyone owed loyalty to the king.
  • Nobles were really the most powerful. They got land from the king.
  • Lesser nobles (knights) gave militaryservice in return for land.
  • Serfs were bound to the land. They worked in return for protection.
  • Freemen were skilled workers. They paid rent to the nobles and were free to move if they wanted to.
making connections
Making Connections
  • Comparing the Oath of Allegiance and the Canadian Oath of Citizenship
    • How are these similar?
    • How are these different?
slide23

THE END

HISTORY

NOTES