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West Virginia Smart Grid Implementation Plan. Steve Bossart, Dirk Baker, and Steve Pullins October 2009. This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number DE-AC26-04NT41817

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steve bossart dirk baker and steve pullins october 2009

West Virginia Smart Grid Implementation Plan

Steve Bossart, Dirk Baker, and Steve Pullins

October 2009

slide2
This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number DE-AC26-04NT41817

This presentation was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

today s discussion
Today’s Discussion

What is the 21st Century telling us?

West Virginia Smart Grid Implementation Plan

Results for West Virginia

Key Lessons for the State and the Nation

from the 20 th to the 21 st century
From the 20th to the 21st Century

25 M residential solar

1 M PHEV/PEV

10 M PHEV/PEV

50 M PHEV/PEV

2 M architectural wind

5 M building solar

500 wind parks

50 solar parks

5,000 distributed wind

5,000 utility solar

100,000 Buildings as PP

result sea change in the network
Result – Sea Change in the Network
  • Consumer engagement with resources to solve power issues locally
  • Two-way power flow in Distribution
  • As prices increase, local renewables will increase in residential, commercial, and industrial
  • Imperative to transform from passive to active control in Distribution
  • New ways for Distribution to become a Transmission resource
smart grid characteristics
Smart Grid Characteristics

…the enabler

The Smart Grid is “transactive” and will:

Enable active participation by consumers

Accommodate all generation and storage options

Enable new products, services and markets

Provide power quality for the digital economy

Optimize asset utilization and operate efficiently

Anticipate & respond to system disturbances (self-heal)

Operate resiliently against attack and natural disaster

Updated 02/25/2008

west virginia smart grid implementation plan wv sgip

West Virginia Smart Grid Implementation Plan (WV SGIP)

If you come to a fork in the road, take it.

- Yogi Berra

west virginia smart grid implementation plan
West Virginia Smart Grid Implementation Plan
  • Address the role of coal in Smart Grid
  • Support economic development in State of West Virginia
  • Only state-wide Smart Grid implementation plan completed
  • Establishes West Virginia and NETL as leader in Smart Grid
  • Only second Smart Grid study to be published in the nation
  • $540K project jointly funded through Attachment H process by NETL, RDS, Allegheny Power, AEP, State of West Virginia, WVU, and DOE OE
  • Results describe the approach and value proposition of implementing Smart Grid in West Virginia
  • Cost & benefit analysis compare the state of current electricity grid and future Smart Grid in West Virginia
wv sgip process
WV SGIP Process

Updated 02/25/2008

key facts about west virginia
Key Facts About West Virginia
  • 991,000 electric customers (142,000 commercial/industrial)
  • 16,500 MW of generation (90% coal-fired)
  • Over 47,000 miles of distribution circuits
  • 5,900 miles of transmission lines
  • 58M MWh traded outside the state
  • 32M MWh used inside the state
  • AEP and Allegheny Energy serve 98% of the customers
  • SAIDI (with storms) = 439 min/customer/yr
  • SAIFI = 1.52
  • Storm SAIFI = 0.45
  • NOx = 157K T/yr
  • SOx = 456K T/yr
  • CO2 = 87M T/yr

Updated 02/25/2008

smart grid maturity matrix evaluation
Smart Grid Maturity Matrix Evaluation

WV Smart Grid As-Is Principal Characteristics Aggregate Score

Future State

Current State

Principal Characteristics

Updated 02/25/2008

important distinctions for wv
Important Distinctions for WV
  • Reductions in WV consumption go to exporting more energy
    • 104MW of DR, doesn’t necessarily mean a reduction of generation. It likely means 104MW of increased export.
    • More efficient delivery system (reduced line losses) means more export.
  • Benefits from reduced WV outages is higher than most states
    • Higher outage parameters (number and duration) are the overriding benefit potential of a WV Smart Grid

Updated 02/25/2008

implementation plan
Implementation Plan

Updated 02/25/2008

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Implementing a Smart Grid will:
    • Radically improve system reliability
    • Lower the carbon footprint
    • Support a better sustainable business climate
    • Generate benefits beyond the borders
  • WV “numbers” (20-yr present value)
    • ~ 1 million meters
    • Total Smart Grid Cost - ~ $1.9B
    • Total Smart Grid Benefit - ~ $10B
    • Benefit Cost Ratio: 5:1
  • A Smart Grid can be implemented with a portion of the business as usual (BAU) 10-year capital plan.
  • A WV Smart Grid benefits the regional market (others outside the state benefit greatly)
for more information
For More Information

For additional Information:

http://www.netl.doe.gov/energy-analyses/index.html

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