1 / 17

Erik Erikson

Erik Erikson. Erikson’s Basic Theory. Development is persuaded by genetics and environment Based his theories off of two ideas The world gets bigger as we go Failure is cumulative Organized into eight stages of life that start from the minute you're born

Download Presentation

Erik Erikson

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Erik Erikson

  2. Erikson’s Basic Theory • Development is persuaded by genetics and environment • Based his theories off of two ideas • The world gets bigger as we go • Failure is cumulative • Organized into eight stages of life that start from the minute you're born • Failure to complete each stage successfully can damage your ego http://www.famousquotesandauthors.com/authors/erik_erikson_quotes.html

  3. 1. Trust vs. Mistrust • Birth-1 year • “Can I trust the people around me?” • Mother plays important role as caregiver • They learn to trust or mistrust depending on level of care • Trust=safe and secure • Mistrust=worthless and insecure http://www.lepetitspa.ca/mondays_for_moms.htm

  4. 2. Autonomy vs. Shame/Doubt • 1-3 years • “Can I do things myself or am I reliant on the help of others?” • Start making decisions for themselves • Begin controlling their own body • Most needed relationship is with parents • Autonomy(independence)= confident • Shame/Doubt=low self esteem and inadequacy http://idicphoto.blogspot.com/2008/09/2-year-old-photoshoot-in-washington-dc.html

  5. 3. Initiative vs. Guilt • 3-6 years old • “Am I good or bad?” • Develop imagination while playing • Become curious about the world- “Why?” • Relationship with basic family is important • Initiative=sense of purpose • Guilt= embarrassment or failure http://addiandcassi.com/kids-helping-kids-5-year-old-singing-sensation-kaitlyn-maher-to-perform-to-help-5-year-old-twins-who-have-lost-their-voices-from-dementia/

  6. 4. Industry vs. Inferiority • 6-12 years old • “How can I be good?” • Learn new life skills and knowledge • Social involvement • School and neighborhood becomes key relationship • Industry=skill • Inferiority=low self esteem http://www.babble.com/CS/blogs/strollerderby/archive/2008/10/31/parents-say-don-t-reward-my-kid.aspx

  7. 5.Identity vs. Confusion • 12-19 years old • “Who am I?” • Responsible for own actions • Try to find identity through socially and morally • Life gets more complicated • Friends are important • Identity= strong sense of self and control • Confusion=insecure and doubtful of their future http://coldestofweapons.blogspot.com/2011/02/high-school-or-college.html

  8. 6. Intimacy vs. Isolation • 20-25 years old • “Will I be loved or will I be alone?” • Try to find relationships and start family • Experience intimacy on deep level • Most important relationship is with spouse or partner • Isolation= loneliness • Intimacy= companionship http://www.samedaymarriage.com/marriage/

  9. 7. Generativity vs. Stagnation • 26-64 years old • “How can I contribute to the world?” • Work is crucial • Find new meanings and purpose due to mid-life crisis • Important relationship with workplace, community and family • Generativity(ability to produce something)= stable and accomplished • Stagnation=unproductive and unimportant http://www.123rf.com/stock-photo/accountant_%E2%80%9Cbusiness_person%E2%80%9D.html

  10. 8. Integrity vs. Despair • 65-death • “Did I live a meaningful life?” • Realize life has meaning • Hope to have made a positive contribution • Fear death but accept as completion of life • Integrity= fulfillment and satisfaction • Despair= regret and bitterness http://www.google.com/imgres?q=grandmother+with+child&hl=en&safe=active&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=HjG2rCsKnDoerM:&imgrefurl=http://www.visualphotos.com/image/2x3851388/grandmother_and_child_baking&docid=d7XxBtew_VatVM&w=700&h=487&ei=gFRzTtaTMObk0QGg99XODQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=317&page=1&tbnh=138&tbnw=196&start=0&ndsp=31&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0&tx=143&ty=118&biw=1440&bih=778

  11. The Eight Developmental Stages

  12. Question 1 What two ideas did Erik Erikson’s base his theories off of? The world gets bigger as we go along and failure is cumulative

  13. Question 2 What stage are high school kids in right now? The 5th stage, Identity vs. Confusion

  14. Question 3 Why do teenagers fall in this category? There are multiple answers but generally, at this age people are trying to figure out who they are and what they want to do with their life

  15. Question 4 In the 1st stage of Erikson’s theories, if a caregiver neglects their child's needs, how will this affect the child as they grow? The child will not be able to trust people as easily in the future, which may create problems and could throw off the development through the other stages as well

  16. Question 5 According to Erikson, what stage should people be considering marriage? The 6th stage, Intimacy vs. Isolation

  17. Bibliography • Harder, Arlene F. "The Development Stages of Erik Erikson." Learning Place Online. N.p., 2009. Web. 14 Sept. 2011. <http://www.learningplaceonline.com/stages/organize/Erikson.htm>. • Learning Theories. "Erikson's Stages of Development." Learning Theories. N.p., 2008. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://www.learning-theories.com/ eriksons-stages-of-development.html>. • Cherry, Kendra. "Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development." Psychology - Complete Guide to Psychology for Students, Educators & Enthusiasts. Web. 16 Sept. 2011. <http://psychology.about.com/od/psychosocialtheories/a/psychosocial.htm>.

More Related