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Iranian Enrichment. Jillian L efler. Who is the Ayatollah K homeini?. K nown in the West as Ayatollah Khomeini. Iranian politician and religious leader and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which tried to overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Shah of Iran. What is his background?.
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Iranian Enrichment Jillian Lefler
Who is the Ayatollah Khomeini? • Known in the West as Ayatollah Khomeini. • Iranian politician and religious leader and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which tried to overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi • Shah of Iran
What is his background? • In 1962, Khomeini got arrested by the shah's security for his outspoken opposition to the pro-Western regime of the Shah. • His arrest raised him to the upper status of national hero. • In 1964, he was exiled, living in Turkey, Iraq and then France, from where he continued to tell his supporters to overthrow the shah. • By the late 1970s, the shah had become very unpopular and there were many riots, strikes and mass demonstrations across the country.
What are his beliefs? • When Ha'iri died in the 1930s, the Ayatollah Boroujerdi succeeded him with the title of most important Islamic figure in Qom. • In doing this, Boroujerdi gained Khomeini as a follower. • Ha'iri and Boroujerdi believed that religion should not involve itself with government affairs. • While the leader of Iran, Reza Shah, lowered the powers of religious leaders and promoted a more secularized country, the most powerful religious figures in Iran remained silent and encouraged their followers to do the same.
How did he affect Iran? • Ayatollah Khomeini established a theocratic rule over Iran in his 10 years of leadership. • He did not fulfil his pre-revolution promises but instead he started to marginalize and crushed opposing groups • He ordered establishment of many institutions to manage power and safeguard the cleric leadership. • During his early years in power he launched the Cultural Revolution in order to Islamize the whole country. • Many people lost their jobs, and lots of books were changed or burnt according to the new Islamic values. • He established the Islamic Judiciary system sentenced many Iranians to death and long-term imprisonment as they were against those radical changes.
Work cited • http://www.iranchamber.com/history/rkhomeini/ayatollah_khomeini.php • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruhollah_Khomeini • http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/khomeini_ayatollah.shtml • http://www.biography.com/people/ayatollah-ruhollah-khomeini-13680544