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Genesis 10:32. 32  These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their genealogies (‘ toledoth ’ – generations), by their nations; and out of these the nations were separated on the earth after the flood . 5:1 “This is the book of the generations of Adam.”

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genesis 10 32
Genesis 10:32

32 These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their genealogies (‘toledoth’ – generations), by their nations; and out of these the nations were separated on the earth after the flood.

5:1 “This is the book of the generations of Adam.”

6:9 “These are the records of the generations of Noah”

10:1 “These are the records of the generations of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah”

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Genesis 10:32

Q: Were there only 70 nations which came from the 3 sons of Noah after the Flood?

Unlikely. There may have been more, and the number 70 may have been used because of its symbolic significance (Morris, p. 263)

  • 70 children of Jacob/Israel came into Egypt (Gen. 46:27)
  • The number 70 has been associated with the nation of Israel.
  • 70 weeks were determined upon thy people before the Messiah was to come (Daniel 9:24)
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Genesis 10:32
  • Cycles of successive 70 ‘weeks’
  • Israel was led by 70 elders (Numbers 11:15, 25)
  • The Sanhedrin was led by 70 members
  • 70 scholars translated the OT into Greek to produce the Septuagint version of Scripture (the LXX)
  • Moses wrote that mankind’s allotted portion of time upon the earth was 70 years (Psalm 90:10)
  • The Babylonian Captivity lasted 70 years
  • Jerusalem and Herod’s temple were destroyed by the Romans about 70 years after Herod’s attempt to murder Jesus, the Jewish Messiah, in His infancy
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Genesis 10:32
  • Jesus sent out 70 disciples (Luke 10:1)
  • Jesus told Peter to forgive his brother 70 x 7 (Matthew 18:22)
genesis 11

Genesis 11

The Tower of Babel

genesis 111
Genesis 11

The Tower of Babel, and the confusion of languages, was as devastating to mankind as the Flood was to the earth

genesis 11 the tower of babel
Genesis 11 The Tower of Babel

Rebellion has to have a leader

“Our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places” (Eph. 6:12)

genesis 11 the tower of babel1
Genesis 11 The Tower of Babel

Romans 1:18-32 outlines how Satan led Nimrod

18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness, 19 because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them. 

20For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse. 

genesis 11 the tower of babel2
Genesis 11 The Tower of Babel

. 21 For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened. 22 Professing to be wise, they became fools, 23 and exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and crawling creatures.

24 Therefore God gave them over in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, so that their bodies would be dishonored among them. 25 For they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.

genesis 11 the tower of babel3
Genesis 11 The Tower of Babel

26 For this reason God gave them over to degrading passions; for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is unnatural, 27 and in the same way also the men abandoned the natural function of the woman and burned in their desire toward one another, men with men committing indecent acts and receiving in their own persons the due penalty of their error.

genesis 11 the tower of babel4
Genesis 11 The Tower of Babel

28 And just as they did not see fit to acknowledge God any longer, God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do those things which are not proper, 29 being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice;

they are gossips, 30 slanderers, haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents, 31 without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful; 32 and although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of death, they not only do the same, but also give hearty approval to those who practice them.

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Genesis 11 The Tower of Babel
  • Willfully leaving the knowledge and worship of the true God and Creator, they began to worship the creation.
  • This led to pantheism and polytheism and other forms of idolatry
    • Pantheism: is the theory that all finite things are merely aspects, modifications, or parts of one eternal and self-existent being (god)
    • Polytheism: worship of many gods; nature worship; fire, air, water, earth, sun, moon, stars, animals, etc.
genesis 11 the tower of babel6
Genesis 11 The Tower of Babel
  • All forms of paganism began in Babylon and the Near East
  • The gods and goddesses of Rome, Greece, India, and Egypt came from the pantheon of the Babylonian gods
  • Nimrod was apparently deified as the chief god “Merodach’ or ‘Marduk’ of Babylon (Morris, p. 264)
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Genesis 11 The Tower of Babel

Pagan deities are often identified with the stars and planets

Sun-worship occupies a central place

The system was formalized in the zodiac with constellations, and can be traced back through centuries

Behind this façade of images of the heavens, lurks the real host of heaven, the demonic hosts of Lucifer---Satan

Many of the demons were ‘cast down to hell’ (2 Peter 2:4) because of their wickedness in the days of Noah

But a host of them remain at liberty to oppose the work of God and God’s people (Eph. 6:12)

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Genesis 11 The Tower of Babel

The main trust of the work of Satan is deception

He is the one ‘who deceives the whole world’ (Rev. 12:9)

He causes them to worship something other than the Living God, Father, Son and Holy Spirit (Rev. 13:14-15)

Satan is a corrupter, not an innovator; paganism with its astrological emblems and complex mythology and mysteries, represents a primeval distortion of God’s true revelation concerning His creation and promised redemption of the universe (Morris, p. 265)

genesis 11 the tower of babel9
Genesis 11 The Tower of Babel

The stars and the zodiac system of constellations became a system of spiritism with the evils of paganism and idolatry.

One of the attempts made by Satan was to unify all mankind under the dictatorship of Nimrod, the rebel.

Nimrod set up a military dictatorship, but also established a priestly oligarchy, in which he was chief priest, and later the chief object of worship.

There is some indication that the queen Semiramis, a familiar name in ancient traditions, was Nimrod’s wife, and was active in this conspiracy (Morris, p. 265)

genesis 11 semiramis
Genesis 11 Semiramis

Q: If we do a Google image search, what will come up?

genesis 11 the tower of babel10
Genesis 11 The Tower of Babel

In Revelation 17:5, Babylon was the ‘mother of harlots and abominations of the earth’

Paganism infiltrated and corrupted Christianity as well

  • Ritualism (not necessarily liturgy)
  • Idolatry (Commandment #2 “Thou shalt not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth”)
  • The insidious philosophy of evolutionary pantheistic humanism
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Genesis 11 The Tower of Babel

God commanded Noah and his sons that they ‘be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth’ (Gen. 9:1)

In order that this be accomplished in an orderly manner, God has ordained the principle of human government (Gen. 9:6).

Perhaps God intended that the future population be subdivided into workable and controllable social units and nations.

Each nation would contribute to the corporate life of mankind as a whole

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Genesis 11 The Tower of Babel

Mankind refused to submit willingly to the arrangement God had ordained.

As mankind began to multiply, they preferred to live together in one unit, and instead of separating into many units (nations), they occupied one central location

God brings about a division by special intervention, in order to slow down the spread of paganism, but also to cause the family units to divide and spread out over the earth

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Genesis 11:1-2

Now the whole earth [a]used the same language and [b]the same words.

2 It came about as they journeyed east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar and [c]settled there. (NASB)

a Genesis 11:1 Lit was one lip

B Genesis 11:1 Or few or one set of words

c Genesis 11:2 Lit dwelt

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Genesis 11:1-2
  • The people resided around Ararat
  • They moved Eastward, or Southeastward
  • They arrived at Shinar, in the fertile Mesopotamian plain where they settled and built a city
  • Perhaps vegetation was like their antediluvian home, as described by Noah and his sons
  • Perhaps they desired to restore the conditions of Eden itself. The Tigris and Euphrates were two of the streams that flowed from the Garden (although they were greatly altered after the Flood)
genesis 11 1 23
Genesis 11:1-2
  • The immediate descendants of Noah all spoke the same language---the language of the antediluvians
  • It is probable that they spoke a Semitic language, perhaps Hebrew, since the proper names of men and places in the pre-Babel period all have meanings only in Hebrew and its cognate languages
  • It seems unlikely that Shem (and perhaps Japheth) participated in the Hamitic rebellion at Babel
  • The language of the Shemites may not have been changed at the confusion of tongues at Babel (Hebrew)
genesis 11 1 24
Genesis 11:1-2
  • The faculty of human speech and language is truly one of the most amazing attributes of mankind.
  • The evolutionist is utterly unable to explain the unbridgeable gulf between the chatterings of animals and human language. The unique and fundamental essence of speech in the very nature of man is underscored in the revelation of God to man through His Word. Christ Himself is the living Word! “God has spoken to us by His Son” (Hebrews 1:2)
  • Mankind was created to speak and hearto communicate with Almighty God, and with each other
genesis 11 1 25
Genesis 11:1-2

“of one lip and one set of words” is the literal translation of 11:1

  • They have one phonology
  • They have one vocabulary
  • The vocabulary included a written language that Moses was able to read as he compiled the records found in the Book of Genesis (as discussed earlier)
  • Tribes later developed new systems of writing, after the confusion of tongues
genesis 11 1 26
Genesis 11:1-2

“as they journeyed from the east, they found a plain in the land of Shinar, and they dwelt there” (KJV)

“As men moved eastward, they found a plain in Shinar and settled there” (NIV)

Shinar – Southeast of Ararat, perhaps the land of Persia or Afghanistan, and later headed westward into Mesopotamia (?)

They ended up in the fertile Tigris-Euphrates plain, and once the agricultural needs for food were met, they developed an urban community

genesis 11 3
Genesis 11:3

3 They said to one another, “Come, let us make bricks and burn them thoroughly.” And they used brick for stone, and they used tar for mortar.

Nimrod had attained leadership (see Gen. 10:8-10)

Civilization could go in two directions:

  • In obedience to God (Gen. 1:28; 9:1) systematically colonize and develop all parts of the earth
  • Establish a strong centralized society with governmental control over resources and occupations, to produce a self-sufficient anti-Jehovah civilization
genesis 11 31
Genesis 11:3

A self-sufficient society, integrated under a powerful and brilliant leader, would be a society no longer dependent on God. And this was Nimrod’s aim (Morris, p. 268)

  • Develop a brick-making industry to make brick/stone
  • Develop a tar-making industry to bond the bricks together
  • Good building stones are conveniently accessible on the river plains, and timber was not durable enough for a permanent structure
  • Clay soil was suitable for strong bricks after treated in a kiln
genesis 11 32
Genesis 11:3
  • Egyptian building consisted of sun-dried bricks from clay mortar
  • The Babylonian construction was stronger and more enduring
  • Furnace-treated bricks were used instead of stone, and bitumen (tar) instead of mortar
  • This bitumen ‘slime’ was probably tarry material from the abundant asphalt pits in the Tigris-Euphrates valley
  • Archaeology confirms this type of kiln-fired brink and asphalt construction was common in ancient Babylon
genesis 11 33
Genesis 11:3

Q: Could the Great Pyramid in Egypt have been the Tower of Babel?

Thomas Yeates in 1833 said "The Great Pyramid soon followed the Tower of Babel, and had the same common origin.  Whether it was not a copy of the original Tower of Babel?  And, moreover, whether the dimensions of these structures were not originally taken from the Ark of Noah? The measures of the Great Pyramid at the base do so approximate  to the measures of the Ark of Noah in ancient cubit measure, that I cannot scruple, however novel the idea, to draw a comparison. "

genesis 11 34
Genesis 11:3

“...The "Tower of Babel Moment" permits a further speculation: could the "one language" and "one people" be taken in the broadest sense, not only of one natural human language and one civilization, but of one language of science, a unified science and physics? And could the "one people" refer not only to that one paleo-ancient Very High Civilization, but also to the unifying cultural effects that "one language" and unified scientific worldview afforded it? Nothing in the biblical account precludes these possibilities, and indeed, there is a strong indication that the Tower may be the (Great) Pyramid itself, if one understand the "top which reaches to heaven" to be a metaphor of the Pyramid's many dimensional analogs of local celestial mechanics.

genesis 11 35
Genesis 11:3

By a similar line of reasoning, a unified physics and science is implied in the divine observation that "nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do." Clearly the "Tower" was no Renaissance painting of vast scaffolding and cranes groaning to lift massive weights to enormous heights. Something else entirely was at work. In this context, it might not be going too far to speculate that the destruction of the Tower of Babel may refer, in oblique terms, to the destruction of "the Great Affliction" and "Weapon," the Great Pyramid.

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Genesis 11:3

In other words, the "Tower of Babel" was an "ekur", a mountain ziggurat or pyramid, the possession of the physics and technology of which allowed its possessor(s) to imagine to do "whatever they imagine to do" in the way of challenging the divine order. The "Tower" was, to put it succinctly, a very threatening device, one well suited to its ambitions of a Nimrod, a would be world-emperor ...” Page 211-212

genesis 11 4
Genesis 11:4

4 They said, “Come, let us build for ourselves a city, and a tower whose top will reach into heaven, and let us make for ourselves a name, otherwise we will be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth.”  (NASB)

Q: Why does the KJV begin the quote by saying, “Go to, let us build…” and the NIV “Come, let’s make bricks…”

A: The Hebrew word ‘give’ (yahab) can be translated as give, or ‘go’ or ‘come’ and most often translated ‘come’ in Genesis 11, meaning ‘grant’ or ‘permit’

genesis 11 41
Genesis 11:4

Q: Why would God become upset over building a city like this?

  • They wanted to build a city, and a tower into heaven
  • They wanted to build themselves a ‘name’ – or set up a memorial (idol?) to themselves; the desire for renown (pride)
  • They wanted to remain in one place, and not be scattered over the whole earth, as God directed
genesis 11 42
Genesis 11:4

Q: Why were they afraid of dispersion over the earth, as God had required?

  • God did not say they had to remain unified, but there did not have to be division as they spread out
  • Their desires show a lack of faith in the spiritual bond of unity of fellowship, not only with other tribes, but also with Almighty God = rebellious
  • They tried to maintain unity by outward means, because the inward desire for unity, harmony and peace had been broken by sin
genesis 11 43
Genesis 11:4
  • The great tower would dominate the city both architecturally and culturally.
  • It would serve as a focal point of the political and religious life of the community
  • It would be a symbol of their unity and strength
  • As Genesis 10:11-12 explains, Babylon was the first of the cities Nimrod built, and may have been an effort by the Hamites to colonize the world
  • Nimrod may have built to minimize independent expansion and government apart from his own