Chapters 7–8. Caesar’s Triumph (the perfect tense) The flavor of the perfect The Trojan War retold (again!) in past tenses Third -declension nouns Sum : imperfect and future indicative (and meet possum ) Old MacDonald (dative of possession) Infinitive as noun. 1. Caesar’s Triumphs.
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Caesar’s Triumph (the perfect tense)
The flavor of the perfect
The Trojan War retold (again!) in past tenses
Sum: imperfect and future indicative (and meet possum)
Old MacDonald (dative of possession)
Infinitive as noun
On the day of the triumphal procession over Gaul, … he was almost thrown from his chariot when the axle broke. He climbed the Capitol by torch-light, with forty elephants bearing lamps to the right and to the left. …
In his triumph over Pontus, one of the carts in the processions had on the front of it a placard (titulus) with the words“I came, I saw, I conquered”, not detailing the events of the campaign, as was the case with the others, but emphasizing the speed with which it was completed.
VĒNĪ — VĪDĪ — VĪCĪ
vēnī, vīdī, vīcī
vēnistī, vīdistī, vīcistī?
vēnit, vīdit, vīcit!
vēnimus, vīdimus, vīcimus
vēnistis, vīdistis, vīcistis?
vēnērunt, vīdērunt, vīcērunt!
(or: vēnēre, vīdēre, vīcēre)
The perfect stem
amō, amāre, amāv-ī, amātus
timeō, timēre, timu-ī, —
videō, vidēre, vīd-ī, vīsus
sum, esse, fu-ī, futūrus
veniō, venīre, vēn-ī, ventus “to come”
vincō, vincere, vīc-ī, victus “to conquer”
vīvō, vīvere, vīx-ī, victūrus “to live”
vēnī, vīdī, vīxī(Voltaire)
1. Cassandra clāmāvit:
“ŌTrōiānī, equumne in Trōiamportāvistis?”
3. Sed tum novusdominusGraecusCassandramportāvitēTrōiā in Graeciam.Et puellamnōnamābatdominīfēmina…
2. Cassandra templumMinervaeintrāvit. “Ōdea nostra, templumtuumvēlavimus!”
SedAiax, virGraecus, festīnābatpuellaequenocuit.
father of the fatherland
in vīnō, vēritās[nom. sg.]
In wine, truth
A woman (was) leader of the deed
arslonga, vītabrevis [nom. sg.]
The art (is) long, life (is) short
mōs[nom. sg.]maiōrum[gen. pl.]
the custom of the ancestors
terrāmarīque [abl. sg.]
By land and sea
multās per gentēset multa per aequora[acc. pl.]
through many nations and through many seas(Catullus)4. Third-declension nouns
Some phrases with third-declension nouns
Masculine and feminine
dux, ducis m.
māter, mātris f.
nūmen, nūminis n.
māter, mātris f.
ars, artis f.
mare, maris(-ium) n.4. Third-declension nouns: some sentences and phrases
Māterviam arte monstrat.
Sol mare monstrat.
sum, esse, fuī, futūrus “to be; exist”
possum, potesse, potuī, — “to be able; can” (+ infin.)”
To err is human
To have erred is human.
Venīre, vidēre, vincereestRōmānum.
To come, see, conquer is Roman.
Vēnisse, vīdisse, vīxisseestRōmānum.
To have come, to have seen, to have conquered is Roman.
To err does not please the Romans.
To love is to have lived.
I … can’t … help … falling in love … with … you.7. Infinitive as (neuter singular) noun