MURDER! Why do people do it?
Reasons for killing • Revenge • Financial Gain • Illness / Mental Instability • Relationship Problems • Self-protection • Organized crime
Types of Murder: • First Degree: • Premeditation! • Fully conscious of the act. • Malice Aforethought • Killing deliberately and intentionally.
Types of Murder: • Second Degree • “Heat of the Moment” • No premeditation • SOMETIMES connected to ‘commission of another crime’
Types of Murder • Third Degree • Manslaughter in most states! • Creating a dangerous situation that leads to death. • Murder caused without premeditation and willfulness. • Lack of malice.
Manslaughter divides into two types: VOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER: You knew that the situation was dangerous.
Manslaughter divides into two types: • Involuntary Manslaughter: • You didn’t necessarily know the situation was dangerous. • DEPENDS ON A LOT OF THINGS!
ANSWER: VOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER? • Joslyn was 17 and should have known that you NEVER point a gun at another person.
UNUSUAL: “Justifiable” Homicide • Murder committed to protect yourself or someone in your IMMEDIATE area from imminent murder. • Westward Movement Rule! • The further west you go across the country the farther away you can be from your attacker!
What do you think? First Degree, Second Degree or Justifiable Homicide? • Michigan woman in a domestic assault situation. • Andrea Yates and her five children. • Virginia truck driver finds his wife in bed with another man.
What kind of penalties are there for murder? • First Degree: • Death Penalty possible • Nebraska insists on “victim suffering” to be proved before given. • Life in Prison • As little as supervised probation.
What kind of penalties are there for murder? • Second Degree • Rare cases: Life • More usual: 10 years • “Extreme”: 20 years
What kind of penalties are there for murder? • Manslaughter: • Probation to 10 years is USUAL penalty.
For the QUIZ! • What might be five questions you’d find on the first quiz?