What is it? Excess sebum mixing with dead skin & bacteria clogging a pore causing infection. Where does it occur? Face (T-zone) Back Neck Shoulders Upper arms Chest Buttocks Groin Acne
Causes? Hormones! Androgen Poor diet Heredity Gender Types Blackheads &Whiteheads Pimple/Zits Cysts Acne
Too much washing or scrubbing Picking or popping Tanning Sweating Touching skin Clothing Cosmetics Hair Environment Medication What contributes to Acne?
Causes Human Papillomavirus A virus!! Through a crack in the skin. Types Common Plantar Filiform Flat Warts
How are warts treated? • Go away on their own • OTC medication • Freezing • Electrified needle to cut it away • Burning with laser or chemicals
Types Ring worm Athletes foot Jock itch Protection Wear flip flops in locker rooms Open toed shoes “dry off” Don’t share shoes Fungal Infections
Causes Genetics Sun 2 Types Ephelides: lighter brown, genetic trait, fade in winter Lentigines: darker, don’t fade in winter Known as sunburn freckles Freckles Freckles are clusters of concentrated melanin.
Moles Melanocytes (cells in the skin) grow in a cluster with tissue surrounding them.
Skin Cancer Types • Basal cell carcinomas • Squamous cell carcinomas • Malignant melanoma • Cancer of the melanocyte cells
Prevention Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes. Transferring germs from fingers to eyes. Pink Eye?? Also known as conjunctivitis Highly contagious Don’t share personal items Eye Infections
Most common type… cavities Causes Bacteria that dissolves the minerals that protect and make up teeth. Tooth Disease
Tooth Disease Prevention • Eating lots of sugary foods • Not cleaning well • Genetically prone
What is it? A condition where bacteria that live in plaque infect and destroy the gum and bones that hold the teeth. Prevention Eat healthy Brush Floss Describe how should you floss your teeth? Gum Disease
Lice Insects that live on human hair and feed on the blood from the scalp Don’t share personal items. Dandruff Flakes of dry skin from the scalp. Causes: fungus, stress, hormones, genetics, illness, infrequent shampooing, unsure Hair and Scalp Problems
Calorie A unit of heat energy – or – the amount of energy in food. Energy: the ability for the body to function. 3,500 calories = 1 lb. of body weight 1 GRAM = about the weight of a raisin. 1 GRAM of protein or carbs = 4 calories 1 GRAM of fat = 9 calories 1 GRAM of alcohol = 7 calories
Energy Requirements of the Body • SIZE - The bigger you are, the more calories are necessary to maintain weight. • AGE - The older you are, the less energy you need. • ACTIVITY LEVEL - The more active you are, the more energy you need. • GENDER - Based on body size, males need more energy.
Energy Requirements of the Body • RATE OF GROWTH - How fast you grow indicates how much energy you need to grow. • INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES - Basic Metabolism - The rate at which the body uses energy. • EFFICIENCY IN THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM • ENVIRONMENT - The colder it is, the more calories you use. *Extreme temperatures • PHYSIOLOGICAL - Illness can change calorie use.