negotiating group dynamics for better safety performance n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Negotiating group dynamics for better safety performance PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Negotiating group dynamics for better safety performance

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 32

Negotiating group dynamics for better safety performance - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 75 Views
  • Uploaded on

Negotiating group dynamics for better safety performance. Dr Herbert Biggs, Associate Professor and Principal Research Fellow, CARRS-Q, Queensland University of Technology Safety in Resources Conference, Hilton Hotel, Brisbane. 27-29 February 2012 . CRICOS No. 00213J. Outline of Presentation.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Negotiating group dynamics for better safety performance' - brandy


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
negotiating group dynamics for better safety performance

Negotiating group dynamics for better safety performance

Dr Herbert Biggs, Associate Professor and Principal Research Fellow, CARRS-Q, Queensland University of Technology

Safety in Resources Conference, Hilton Hotel, Brisbane. 27-29 February 2012

CRICOS No. 00213J

outline of presentation
Outline of Presentation
  • Safety psychology and workplace safety
  • Commitment, Motivational and attitudinal components of safety
  • Leadership
  • Group Dynamics and Group Change
  • Case Study from Construction
  • Discussion and Questions
safety psychology and workplace safety
Safety psychology and workplace safety
  • Conceptualising Workplace Safety
    • Safety performance: two concepts
    • Antecedents of safety performance
      • Person related
        • Safety knowledge (proximal)
        • Safety motivation (proximal)
        • The big five (distal)
          • Conscientiousness
          • Neuroticism
          • Extraversion
          • locus of control
          • Propensity for risk taking
safety psychology and workplace safety1
Safety psychology and workplace safety
  • Antecedents of safety performance
    • Situation related
      • Safety climate
        • Management commitment
        • HR practices
        • Safety systems
        • Supervisor support
        • Internal group processes
        • Boundary management
        • Risk
        • Work pressure
      • Leadership
        • Quality and type of leadership including LMX and transformational
understanding what builds employee commitment

Competency

Comfort

Leadership

Communication

Understanding what builds employee commitment
  • Understand their role
  • See how they add value
  • Feel challenged by their work
  • Have clarity about their goalsr
understanding what builds employee commitment1

Competency

Comfort

Leadership

Communication

Understanding what builds employee commitment
  • Believe the organization is viable
  • Experience a sense of team
  • Feel they are treated equally and fairly
  • Feel part of a community
  • Engage in dialogue with management
understanding what builds employee commitment2

Competency

Comfort

Leadership

Communication

Understanding what builds employee commitment
  • See that leaders are empathetic
  • Feel a sense of stability
  • Believe that leaders are in tune with their issues
  • Understand the vision and plan for organizational growth
understanding what builds employee commitment3

Competency

Comfort

Leadership

Communication

Understanding what builds employee commitment
  • Receive valuable information frequently
  • See managers as trustworthy and candid
  • Meet regularly with their manager and team face-to-face
  • Receive valuable information frequently
  • See managers as trustworthy and candid
  • Meet regularly with their manager and team face-to-face
motivational and attitudinal components of safety
Motivational and attitudinal components of safety
  • Create an environment that enhances the motivation to engage in safety-related behaviours
      • Behavioural operant theory. Theory: Behaviour followed by a positive reinforcing experience is more likely to re-occur than when followed by a negative experience
      • Feedback. Giving employees feedback of their own safe performance of work tasks relative to goals that are set for safe work performance
      • Goal setting. When participative goals in safe behaviour are set employees improve performance on both set and unset behaviours
motivational and attitudinal components of safety1
Motivational and attitudinal components of safety
  • Safety Climate and Leadership
    • Safety climate
      • The priority that organisations place on safety relative to other organisational goals is the primary component of safety climate
      • Relate to safety performance and safety outcomes
    • Leadership
      • Leadership is related to safety climate and plays a significant role in safety performance
      • Supervisors who engage in safe practices tend to have positive safety climates in their unit
      • Transformational leaders challenge subordinates to go beyond individual safety needs for the collective good
slide12

Motivational and attitudinal components of safety. Ford, M.T., Tetrick, L.E. (2008). Safety motivation and human resource management in North America. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 19, 8, 1472-1485.

Some areas of potential future research issues include the role of values in safety motivation and the effect of shared responsibility on safety motivation.

leadership styles
Leadership Styles
  • Leadership- the ability to influence a group toward the achievement of goals
transformational leadership
Transformational Leadership
  • Leadership as a process of transforming others:
    • Changing attitudes and assumptions
    • Building commitment to a new ideal or mission
    • Empowering others so they can have an effect
  • Focus is on the leader’s effect on followers
charismatic leadership
Charismatic Leadership
  • Leadership as an attributed state where:
    • Followers see the leader as an idol and role model
    • Followers trust the leader
    • Followers are easily influenced and swayed by the leader
  • Focus is on the leader’s effect on followers
bass s theory of transformational leadership
Bass’s theory of Transformational Leadership
  • Involves aspects of transformational and charismatic leadership
  • Leadership is seen as both leader behaviour, and follower attributions
  • Focus is on how the leader interacts with followers
  • Leader / follower interaction patterns grouped into a number of leadership styles
bass s transformational leadership
Bass’s Transformational Leadership
  • Leaders transform followers by:
    • Making them more aware of the importance and value of what they are doing
    • Getting followers to aspire to idealised values or missions
    • Motivating them to fulfill high order needs (Maslow)
    • Inducing them to transcend self interest for the good of the group
bass s transformational leadership1
Bass’s Transformational Leadership
  • Leaders transform followers by:
    • Making them more aware of the importance and value of what they are doing
    • Getting followers to aspire to idealised values or missions
    • Motivating them to fulfill high order needs (Maslow)
    • Inducing them to transcend self interest for the good of the group
attributes of a leader
Attributes of a Leader
  • Curiosity: Leaders are learners. They wonder about every aspect of their charge. They find out what they need to know in order to pursue their goals.
  • Risk: Effective leaders take calculated risks when necessary to achieve their objectives. If a mistake is made, the effective leader will learn from the mistake and use it as an opportunity to explore other avenues.
attributes of a leader1
Attributes of a Leader
  • Dedication: The effective leader is dedicated to his or her charge, and will work assiduously on behalf of those following. The leader gives himself or herself entirely to the task when it is necessary.
attributes of a leader2
Attributes of a Leader
  • Charisma: This may be the one attribute that is the most difficult to cultivate. It conveys maturity, respect for your followers, compassion, a fine sense of humor, and a love of humanity. The result is that leaders have the capability to motivate people to excel.
  • Listening: Leaders Listen! This is the most important attribute of all, listen to your followers.
what do leaders do
What do Leaders Do?

A leader:

  • sets direction, gives guidance, and motivates people to accomplish
  • carries out the will of the group
  • is the champion for the cause of the group.
  • guides the group during times of storm: otherwise the group motivation will collapse and the enterprise will fail.
what do leaders do1
What do Leaders Do?

A leader:

  • knows what they want, why they want it, and how to communicate to others what they want
  • recognizes and praises good work, gives credit to others, makes everyone feel important
what do leaders do2
What do Leaders Do?

A leader:

  • delegates well,
  • takes the blame,
  • communicates well to everyone, inspires loyalty
  • supports the ideas of others, but expects the best
boss versus leader
Boss

Drives his staff

Depends on authority

Inspires fear

Says “I”

Fixes the blame for breakdowns

Knows how it is done

Says “go”

Leader

Coaches staff

Depends on goodwill

Inspires enthusiasm

Says “we”

Fixes the breakdown

Shows how it is done

Says “lets go”

Boss Versus Leader

Abraham Lincoln

developing team players
Developing Team Players
  • Select
    • Team roles & technical skills
    • Belbin’s mix of technical & maintenance roles
    • 20-40% of members high on extraversion
    • Higher cognitive ability, conscientiousness, agreeableness, & emotional stability
developing team players cont
Developing Team Players cont.
  • Train
    • Involves coordinating performance of individuals who work together to achieve a common goal
    • 3 Strategies
      • Cross-training
      • Team coordination training
      • Team leader training
    • Problem-solving, communication, negotiation, conflict management, coaching skills
developing team players cont1
Developing Team Players cont.
  • Feedback & Reward
    • Encourage co-operative rather than competitive
    • Balanced recognition of indiv & team achievements
    • Should provide team with info needed to identify team problems & further develop team capabilities
    • Extent to which team behaviors & outputs can be measured must be considered
    • ProMES
common team problems
Common Team Problems
  • National culture is individualistic
  • Company culture rewards indiv achievements
  • Excessive meeting requirements
  • Lack of empowerment
  • Lack of skill
  • Management lacks trust in the concept of teams
  • Unclear objectives
  • Team in name, but not in process & goals
case study construction goals and outcomes of the crc construction innovation research
Case Study, Construction: Goals and Outcomes of the CRC Construction Innovation research
  • Projects: A Construction Safety Competency Framework – Improving OH&S performance by creating and maintaining a safety culture
    • The development of a safety culture
    • Identification of safety management task (SMT’s) and safety critical positions
    • Tasks and Positions Competency Matrix
    • Basic Guidelines for implementing the Framework
    • SMT’s and achievable Culture Outcomes
    • Explore and develop safety effectiveness indicators (SEI’s)
case study construction go to http www sbenrc com au for free downloads
Case Study, Construction: Go to http://www.sbenrc.com.au/for free downloads
  • A Construction Safety Competency Framework.
  • A Practical Guide to Safety Leadership
  • Safety Effectiveness Indicators
thanks for your attention
Thanks for your attention
  • Questions?
  • (h.biggs@qut.edu.au)