Ancient Egypt • Where was this? • Ancient Egypt was located in modern Egypt along the Nile River. • There were two places in Ancient Egypt. • The Black Land • The Red Land • The Black land was next to the Nile, very fertile, and supplied food. • The Red Land was located away from the river was dry, but also had natural resources they used.
When did Ancient Egypt exist? • 3500 BC – 600 AD • http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/time/explore/main.html
Characteristics of Ancient Egypt • Daily Life • It revolved around the Nile which had yearly floods which brought fertile soil. • People made their homes out of mud-bricks • Most people worked as field hands, farmers, craftsmen, and scribes. • The river brought harvest and wealth to them.
Characteristics of Ancient Egypt • Writing • They believed it was important to communicate information about religion and government. • They used something called hieroglyphics – a writing system using picture symbols. • Wrote on papyrus (kind of like paper) • This helped preserve their culture.
Characteristics of Ancient Egypt • Religion • They were polytheistic – worshipped many gods. • Also, they built temples out of stone in honor of their gods. • Amen (Amon) - Later Amen-ra was the father of all the gods. • He is represented in art by a man or a sun. • His sacred animals are a goose and a ram.
Characteristics of Ancient Egypt • Pharaoh • The leader of Ancient Egypt was known an Pharaoh. • He owned all the land and was responsible for laws, collecting taxes, and defense. • He was also their spiritual leader who built temples and performed rituals to honor gods.
Characteristics of Ancient Egypt • Mummification • Originally Egyptians buried the dead in the ground, and the dry ground preserved their bodies. • They then buried people in coffins, but realized these people decayed. • Then they started embalming people and wrapping them in cloth strips which would preserve their bodies. • Pyramids were built to house the bodies of Pharaohs and their queens.