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Optimizing HIV Treatment: A Global Strategy in Three Acts. Introduction by José M. Zuniga, PhD, MPH. Satellite Session at. Battling Complacency, Advancing Commitment. ↑ART coverage from 2002-2009. UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic 2010.

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optimizing hiv treatment a global strategy in three acts

Optimizing HIV Treatment:A Global Strategy in Three Acts

Introduction by

José M. Zuniga, PhD, MPH

Satellite Session at

Battling Complacency, Advancing Commitment.

art coverage from 2002 2009
↑ART coverage from 2002-2009

UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic 2010

global number of adults 15 years eligible for art in lmics 1990 2009
GLOBAL NUMBER OF ADULTS ≥15 YEARS ELIGIBLE FOR ART IN LMICs, 1990-2009

Stanecki K et al. Sex Transm Infect. 2010;86:ii62-ii66

number of art eligible adults 15 years in sub saharan africa by country 2009
NUMBER OF ART ELIGIBLE ADULTS ≥15 YEARS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA BY COUNTRY, 2009

Stanecki K et al. Sex Transm Infect. 2010;86:ii62-ii66

but herein lies the challenge
But herein lies the challenge…

23,430 tested for HIV

(2 public HIV care systems in central Mozambique)

7,005 tested HIV positive (30%)

3,049 (43%) not enrolled in HIV care

3,956 enrolled in HIV care <30 days after test (57%)

910 (23%) no CD4 test drawn

3,046 CD4 test <30 days after enrollment (77%)

1,506 eligible for ART Initiation (49%)

1,035 (69%) did not initiate ART

471 initiated ART <90 days after CD4 test (31%)

65 (14%) LTFU after ART

317 adherent to ART for 6 months (83%)

Micek MA et al. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009;52(3):397-405

and not just in lmic s a truly global challenge
And not just in lmics…(a truly global challenge)

Burns DN et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2010; 15;51(6):725-731

hrh crisis in lmic s
HRH Crisis in LMICs…

World maps resized by population, burden of disease, density of medical schools, and density of workforce

Frenk J et al. Lancet. 2010;376(9756):1923-1958

in resource rich countries too
in Resource-rich countries, too…

Top Challenge Recruiting HIV Primary Care Providers Reported by Ryan White CARE Act Programs (%)

Hauschild BC et al. Ann Forum Collab HIV Res. 2011;13:1-9

mct delivery of integrated care hiv mct s work at least in chicago
Mct delivery of integrated care(“HIV MCTsWorK”… at least in Chicago!)
  • METHOD: Retrospective analysis of clinical data sets on 2,647 patients at the CORE Center, Chicago, from 1997-1998
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our findings validate the multidisciplinary team model of HIV care, and suggest that health services that are tailored to the express needs of patients lead to better care and improved health outcomes.

ID

Sherer R et al. AIDS Care. 2002;14(Suppl 1):S31-S44

Pharmaist

Lab Tech

CHW

Peer Educator

MCH Specialist

Social Worker

and in limc s in this case south africa
And in LIMCs?(in this case, South africa…)

Changes in mean percentage of eligible HIV+ mothers (A) receiving AZT >2 weeks before labor, and (B) on ART at time of delivery in labor ward (p <0.001) showing effects of QI interventions, protocol change, and resource reallocation.

Youngelson MS et al. PLoS One. 5(11):e13891

why is this all important
Why is this All important?

ENROLL IN CARE

Treat

Maintain viral

suppression

TEST

HIV Positive

Adopt safer behaviors

Initiation

of ART

Testing

Adherence

to ART

Positive Prevention

Linkage to care

Decrease in HIV

Transmission

Courtesy of Wafaa El-Sadr (6th International Conference on HIV Treatment and Prevention Adherence)

agenda
Agenda
  • Treatment 2.0 – Catalyzing the Next Phase of HIV Treatment, Care, and Support
    • Craig McClure, Senior Advisor, Treatment 2.0, WHO
  • Developing Guidelines to Promote Treatment Adherence, Entry Into, and Retention in Care
    • Melanie Thompson, MD, Principal Investigator, ARCA
  • Treatment Optimization via Multidisciplinary Care Team Delivery of Integrated HIV Services
    • Joan P. Holloway, MA, Vice President, Global Health Initiatives, IAPAC
  • Optimized Multidisciplinary Care Teams Enhance Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence
    • Michael A. Horberg, MD, Director, HIV/AIDS, Kaiser Permanente