Standard 3: Chapter 21 Southwest Asia
Landforms Divide the Region • Peninsulas • Arabian Peninsula • Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Bahrain are located on this peninsula • Anatolian Peninsula • Turkey is located on this peninsula
Landforms Divide the Region • Waterways • The Red Sea • Located to the west of the Arabian Peninsula • The Black Sea • Located to the north of the Anatolian Peninsula • The Mediterranean Sea • Located to the west of the Anatolian Peninsula • The Arabian Sea • Located to the south of the Arabian Peninsula
Landforms Divide the Region • Straits • Bosporus Strait • Provides access to the Black Sea • Dardenelles Strait • Provides access to the Mediterranean Sea • Straits of Hormuz • Provides access to the Persian Gulf
Landforms Divide the Region • Plains and Highlands • Much of the Arabian Peninsula is covered by plains. • Iran is a plateau surrounded by mountains. • Plateau – a broad, flat area of land higher than the surrounding land. • Much of the Anatolian Peninsula is a plateau.
Landforms Divide the Region • Mountains • Hindu Kush Mountains • Located in Afghanistan • Zagros Mountains • Located on the western side of Iran • Elburz Mountains • Located on the northern side of Iran • Taurus Mountains • Located on the southern side of Turkey
Landforms Divide the Region • Rivers and Water Bodies • Tigris and Euphrates Rivers • Located primarily in Iraq • They create the Fertile Crescent • One of the cradles of civilization • Jordan River • Flows out of Lebanon and into the Dead Sea • The Dead Sea • A landlocked salt lake • It is so salty only bacteria can live in it. • It is 1,349 feet below sea level • It is the lowest exposed place on the earth.
Resources for a Modern World • Oil • ½ of the world’s oil supply are found in Southwest Asia. • Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Iraq have the largest oil reserves.
Resources for a Modern World • Other Resources • Water • Coal • Copper • Phosphates • Salt
Variety in Arid Lands • Southwest Asia is extremely arid, dry. • This means there are a lot of deserts. • Because the land is so dry, the rivers in the region do not always flow year round. • Irrigation has transformed the land in many areas. • A Mediterranean climate can be found along the coasts. • Highland climates are found in the many mountains of the region.
Deserts Limit Movement • Sandy Deserts • Rub al-Khali Desert • It is located on the Arabian Peninsula is about the size of Texas. • An-Nafud Desert • Also located on the Arabian Peninsula. • This desert has oasis. • Any area where vegetation and water are found. • Syrian Desert • This separates Lebanon, Syria, and Israel from the Tigris and Euphrates valleys • Negev Desert • Israel has used irrigation to grow many crops in this desert.
Deserts Limit Movement • Salt Deserts • Dasht-e Kavir • Located in central Iran • Dasht-e Lut • Located in eastern Iran • These deserts are salt-crusted, surrounded by quicksand-like marshes, and extremely hot.
Semiarid Lands • Located on the fringes of the many deserts. • These lands receive enough rain for grass to grow. • Cotton and wheat are grown in this area. • It is also suitable for raising animals.
Well-Watered Coast Lands • The coastal regions have adequate rainfall. • These areas are similar to southern California. • Citrus fruits, olives, and vegetables are grown year round here. • Because it is such a nice climate, the population in this area is high.
Providing Precious Water • Dams and Irrigation systems provide water to areas. • This allows for farming to occur in lands traditionally unable to support farming. • Some countries are turning salt water from the sea into drinkable water using the process of desalination. • This is expensive and not all nations can afford to do it. • Others are pumping water from aquifers underground. • This water can not be easily replaced and will eventually run out.
Your Assignment • Page 500 • Reviewing Places & Terms • 1-20 • Main Ideas • 1-10