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Standard 3: Chapter 21. Southwest Asia. Landforms Divide the Region. Peninsulas Arabian Peninsula Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Bahrain are located on this peninsula Anatolian Peninsula Turkey is located on this peninsula. Landforms Divide the Region.
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Standard 3: Chapter 21 Southwest Asia
Landforms Divide the Region • Peninsulas • Arabian Peninsula • Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Bahrain are located on this peninsula • Anatolian Peninsula • Turkey is located on this peninsula
Landforms Divide the Region • Waterways • The Red Sea • Located to the west of the Arabian Peninsula • The Black Sea • Located to the north of the Anatolian Peninsula • The Mediterranean Sea • Located to the west of the Anatolian Peninsula • The Arabian Sea • Located to the south of the Arabian Peninsula
Landforms Divide the Region • Straits • Bosporus Strait • Provides access to the Black Sea • Dardenelles Strait • Provides access to the Mediterranean Sea • Straits of Hormuz • Provides access to the Persian Gulf
Landforms Divide the Region • Plains and Highlands • Much of the Arabian Peninsula is covered by plains. • Iran is a plateau surrounded by mountains. • Plateau – a broad, flat area of land higher than the surrounding land. • Much of the Anatolian Peninsula is a plateau.
Landforms Divide the Region • Mountains • Hindu Kush Mountains • Located in Afghanistan • Zagros Mountains • Located on the western side of Iran • Elburz Mountains • Located on the northern side of Iran • Taurus Mountains • Located on the southern side of Turkey
Landforms Divide the Region • Rivers and Water Bodies • Tigris and Euphrates Rivers • Located primarily in Iraq • They create the Fertile Crescent • One of the cradles of civilization • Jordan River • Flows out of Lebanon and into the Dead Sea • The Dead Sea • A landlocked salt lake • It is so salty only bacteria can live in it. • It is 1,349 feet below sea level • It is the lowest exposed place on the earth.
Resources for a Modern World • Oil • ½ of the world’s oil supply are found in Southwest Asia. • Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Iraq have the largest oil reserves.
Resources for a Modern World • Other Resources • Water • Coal • Copper • Phosphates • Salt
Variety in Arid Lands • Southwest Asia is extremely arid, dry. • This means there are a lot of deserts. • Because the land is so dry, the rivers in the region do not always flow year round. • Irrigation has transformed the land in many areas. • A Mediterranean climate can be found along the coasts. • Highland climates are found in the many mountains of the region.
Deserts Limit Movement • Sandy Deserts • Rub al-Khali Desert • It is located on the Arabian Peninsula is about the size of Texas. • An-Nafud Desert • Also located on the Arabian Peninsula. • This desert has oasis. • Any area where vegetation and water are found. • Syrian Desert • This separates Lebanon, Syria, and Israel from the Tigris and Euphrates valleys • Negev Desert • Israel has used irrigation to grow many crops in this desert.
Deserts Limit Movement • Salt Deserts • Dasht-e Kavir • Located in central Iran • Dasht-e Lut • Located in eastern Iran • These deserts are salt-crusted, surrounded by quicksand-like marshes, and extremely hot.
Semiarid Lands • Located on the fringes of the many deserts. • These lands receive enough rain for grass to grow. • Cotton and wheat are grown in this area. • It is also suitable for raising animals.
Well-Watered Coast Lands • The coastal regions have adequate rainfall. • These areas are similar to southern California. • Citrus fruits, olives, and vegetables are grown year round here. • Because it is such a nice climate, the population in this area is high.
Providing Precious Water • Dams and Irrigation systems provide water to areas. • This allows for farming to occur in lands traditionally unable to support farming. • Some countries are turning salt water from the sea into drinkable water using the process of desalination. • This is expensive and not all nations can afford to do it. • Others are pumping water from aquifers underground. • This water can not be easily replaced and will eventually run out.
Your Assignment • Page 500 • Reviewing Places & Terms • 1-20 • Main Ideas • 1-10