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Schooling Differences Between Black and White Children before and after the Civil War. By Jolyn Davis and Heather Kurtz. . Thought Question…. How was schooling different between black children and white wealthy children in the late 1800’s?.
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By Jolyn Davis and Heather Kurtz
The bottom picture is a one room school house, where newly freed African-American children would have learned after the Civil War.
Did you know that before the Civil War, education for black children did not exist? In fact, it was against the law for African-Americans to read and write! Sometimes, slaves would teach themselves to read and write at night after a long day of slave labor.
Before the Civil War, wealthy white children were taught in their home by a slave woman
Keep in mind that it was illegal for slaves to learn to read and write. They could only teach numbers, letters and colors
8 children : Jonathan, James, George W.D., Richard, Martha, Adeline, Julia and Rachel
All received the best education possiblePoplar Hill Mansion: the wealthy white family
After the Civil War, schools were not established for African American children in the same way they were for white children. African American children learned in whatever setting they could find, using whatever materials they could find. In lots of cases, churches would be used as meeting places during the week for students to learn.
After the Civil War, slaves were freed from the Poplar Hill Mansion. Those freed slaves started the African Methodist Episcopal Church, the current site of the Chipman Cultural Center
The church was not being used during the week, so freed blacks saw this space as an opportunity to educate themselves. This church also became the first public school for African-American children on the Eastern Shore
This is the room in the Chipman Cultural Center where the freed slaves would get their education. Today, it is used for meetings and events.
Together as a class compare and contrast schooling now, schooling for black children after the Civil War, and schooling for white children after the Civil War
Whites after civil war
Blacks after the civil war