Slavery and Politics Before the Civil War May 15, 2013 US History
What were the two major parties of the 1856 election? Northern Whigs (Republicans) Southern Whigs • Supported the Kansas-Nebraska Act (slavery in the territories) • Thought individual states should decide the legality of slavery • Opposed the KS-NE Act (no slavery in the territories) • Believed slavery was illegal and unconstitutional
Who were the candidates of the 1856 election? • John Fremont: Republican candidate who was a national hero for his explorations in the West, had little political experience, and spoke in favor of admitting CA and KS as free states • James Buchanan: Democratic candidate who was neutral regarding his position on the KS-NE act. Due to his absence as a minister to Great Britain, he claimed his goal was to maintain the Union • Millard Fillmore: American (Know Nothing) party candidate who was president from 1850-53
Two Truths and a Lie I was a slave in Missouri but lived in territories where slavery was illegal I sued for my freedom after my owner’s death 3. After the court case, I became a US citizen
Who Am I? DRED SCOTT!! AND YES, I AM A US CITIZEN!!