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“Re-engineering the scientific journal” Mark Patterson, Director of Publishing UHMLG Spring Forum: March 1st, 2009 PowerPoint Presentation
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Committed to making the world’s scientific and medical literature a public resource “Re-engineering the scientific journal” Mark Patterson, Director of Publishing UHMLG Spring Forum: March 1st, 2009 The functions of journals Registration Who’s done what and when? Certification

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Committed to making the world’s

scientific and medical literature

a public resource

“Re-engineering the scientific journal”

Mark Patterson, Director of Publishing

UHMLG Spring Forum: March 1st, 2009

the functions of journals
The functions of journals
  • Registration
    • Who’s done what and when?
  • Certification
    • Is the work sound? How important is it?
  • Awareness
    • The right information to the people who need it
  • Archiving
    • Preservation for future generations

Roosendaal and Geurts

slide3

The life cycle of a research article

Research

Submission

2-3 Experts

Is it rigorous?

Good enough?

Right audience?

Takes months/years

Rejects

Peer review

Journal name is key

Publication

slide4

Journals are a giant sorting mechanism

www.flickr.com/photos/sewpixie/2374778051/

how can the functions of a journal be re engineered online
How can the functions of a journal be re-engineered online?
  • Awareness
    • Open access
    • Discoverability
  • Certification
    • What questions need to be asked before publication?
    • What is best left until after publication?
  • Registration
    • Promoting the rapid sharing of information
plos founding board of directors
PLoS Founding Board of Directors

Harold Varmus

PLoS Co-founder and Chairman of the Board

President and CEO of

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center

Patrick O. Brown

PLoS Co-founder and Board Member

Howard Hughes Medical Institute

& Stanford University School of Medicine

Michael B. Eisen

PLoS Co-founder and Board Member

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

& University of California at Berkeley

plos publishing strategy
PLoS publishing strategy
  • Establish high quality journals
    • put PLoS and open access on the map
  • Build a more extensive OA publishing operation
    • an open access home for every paper
    • achieve sustainability
  • Make the literature more useful
    • to scientists and the public
plos biology october 2003
PLoS BiologyOctober, 2003

PLoS MedicineOctober, 2004

PLoS Community JournalsJune-September, 2005

October, 2007

PLoS ONE

December,

2006

what is open access
What is open access?
  • Free, immediate access online
  • Unrestricted use
what is open access15
What is open access?
  • Free, immediate access online
  • Unrestricted use
what is open access16
What is open access?
  • Free, immediate access online
  • Unrestricted use
what is open access17
What is open access?
  • Free, immediate access online
  • Unrestricted use
slide20

Open access

  • Free, immediate access
  • Unrestricted reuse

www.flickr.com/photos/chris_short/79656776/

slide23

PLoS ONE’s Key Innovation – The editorial process

  • Editorial criteria
    • Scientifically rigorous
    • Ethical
    • Properly reported
    • Conclusions supported by the data
  • Editors and reviewers do not ask
    • How important is the work?
    • Which is the relevant audience?
  • Use online tools to sort and filter scholarly content after publication, not before
slide24

What else is different?

  • Inclusive scope
    • all science and medicine
  • Encouraging discussion and debate
    • at PLoS ONE: commenting, rating and annotation
    • elsewhere: Editorial Board discussion forum; EveryONE blog; Twitter; FriendFeed; Facebook
  • Streamlined production
    • publication on every weekday
slide25

PLoS ONE – statistics

  • * Started publishing Dec 20th, 2006
  • Community acceptance
    • third largest peer-reviewed journal
    • 50,000 authors
    • 1000 Academic Editors
how do we measure impact
How do we measure ‘impact’?

The worth of a paper tends to be judged on the basis of the impact factor of the journal in which it was published.

Recommended reading:

Adler, R., Ewing, J. Taylor, P. Citation statistics. A report from the International Mathematical Union. http://www.mathunion.org/publications/report/citationstatistics/

how could we measure impact
How could we measure ‘impact’?

At the ARTICLE LEVEL, we could track:

  • Citations
  • Web usage
  • Expert Ratings
  • Social bookmarking
  • Community rating
  • Media/blog coverage
  • Commenting activity
  • and more…
  • Current technology now makes it possible to add these metrics automatically
slide31

Article-Level Metrics at PLoS

  • A range of additional measures which provide insight into ‘impact’ - not just citations and usage
  • Metrics/indicators at the article-level, for all journals
  • Not just for scholarly evaluation – also a way to filter and discover content
  • The idea is not new, but PLoS is the first publisher to provide this range of data
  • Michael Jensen, The New Metrics of Scholarly Authority, Chronicle of Higher Education, June 15, 2007
downloading the data
Downloading the data

http://www.plosone.org/static/plos-alm.zip

next steps for article level metrics
Next steps for article-level metrics
  • More sources for each data type
    • Citations, blog coverage
  • New data sources
    • F1000, Mendeley
  • Expert analysis and tools
  • Broader adoption
    • By publishers
    • By tenure committees, funders etc
  • Develop and adhere to standards
slide51

PLoS Currents: Influenza Inspiration

Seeking Lessons in Swine Flu Fight

“Another problem is communication.

Officials and experts say they have learned a lot about human swine influenza. But relatively little of that information...has been reported and published. Some experts said researchers were waiting to publish in journals, which can take months or longer.”

New York Times, August 10th, 2009

Lawrence K. Altman, M.D.

slide52

PLoS Currents: Influenza Goals

  • An innovative forum for the rapid exchange of results and ideas
  • Moderated by expert influenza researchers
  • Articles are citable
  • Archiving in PubMed Central
slide53

PLoS Currents: Influenza Workflow

Google Knol:

Author(s) assemble content and control access and editing. Authors submit content to PLoS Currents.

PLoS Currents: Moderators control posting of content, commenting and version control.

PubMed Central:

Immediate transfer from PLoS Currents site; stable identifier and permanent archiving.

slide57

Determine as rapidly as possible if the conception, structure and presentation of the submission indicate that it is a legitimate work of science and does not contain any obvious methodological, ethical or legal violations.

slide62
PLoS Currents Influenza
  • Very fast
  • Very cheap
  • Moderated by experts
  • Citable
  • Archived at PubMed Central
  • Indexed in Pubmed

Where Next?

  • Post-publication peer review?
slide63

The life cycle of a research article

Research

2-3 Experts

Is it rigorous?

Good enough?

Right audience?

Takes months/years

Submission

Rejects

Peer review

Journal name is key

Publication

slide64

PLoS Currents

New models of scholarly communication

Research

2-3 Experts

Is it rigorous?

Good enough?

Right audience?

Takes weeks/months

Submission

Rejects

Peer review

Focus on the article

Publication

Enhanced article Article-level metrics

Integrated with data

slide65

The landscape is changing

www.flickr.com/photos/keepitsurreal/1884615328/