“Re-engineering the scientific journal” Mark Patterson, Director of Publishing UHMLG Spring Forum: March 1st, 2009 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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“Re-engineering the scientific journal” Mark Patterson, Director of Publishing UHMLG Spring Forum: March 1st, 2009

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  1. Committed to making the world’s scientific and medical literature a public resource “Re-engineering the scientific journal” Mark Patterson, Director of Publishing UHMLG Spring Forum: March 1st, 2009

  2. The functions of journals • Registration • Who’s done what and when? • Certification • Is the work sound? How important is it? • Awareness • The right information to the people who need it • Archiving • Preservation for future generations Roosendaal and Geurts

  3. The life cycle of a research article Research Submission 2-3 Experts Is it rigorous? Good enough? Right audience? Takes months/years Rejects Peer review Journal name is key Publication

  4. Journals are a giant sorting mechanism www.flickr.com/photos/sewpixie/2374778051/

  5. How can the functions of a journal be re-engineered online? • Awareness • Open access • Discoverability • Certification • What questions need to be asked before publication? • What is best left until after publication? • Registration • Promoting the rapid sharing of information

  6. AwarenessPart 1Open Access

  7. PLoS Founding Board of Directors Harold Varmus PLoS Co-founder and Chairman of the Board President and CEO of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center Patrick O. Brown PLoS Co-founder and Board Member Howard Hughes Medical Institute & Stanford University School of Medicine Michael B. Eisen PLoS Co-founder and Board Member Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory & University of California at Berkeley

  8. PLoS publishing strategy • Establish high quality journals • put PLoS and open access on the map • Build a more extensive OA publishing operation • an open access home for every paper • achieve sustainability • Make the literature more useful • to scientists and the public

  9. PLoS BiologyOctober, 2003 PLoS MedicineOctober, 2004 PLoS Community JournalsJune-September, 2005 October, 2007 PLoS ONE December, 2006

  10. Growth in submissions and publications

  11. Financial growth% Operating expense covered by operating revenue

  12. www.oaspa.org

  13. AwarenessPart 2Discoverability

  14. What is open access? • Free, immediate access online • Unrestricted use

  15. What is open access? • Free, immediate access online • Unrestricted use

  16. What is open access? • Free, immediate access online • Unrestricted use

  17. What is open access? • Free, immediate access online • Unrestricted use

  18. Document A network of literature

  19. Document Database A network of literature and data

  20. Open access • Free, immediate access • Unrestricted reuse www.flickr.com/photos/chris_short/79656776/

  21. CertificationPart 1What to do before publication

  22. PLoS ONE’s Key Innovation – The editorial process • Editorial criteria • Scientifically rigorous • Ethical • Properly reported • Conclusions supported by the data • Editors and reviewers do not ask • How important is the work? • Which is the relevant audience? • Use online tools to sort and filter scholarly content after publication, not before

  23. What else is different? • Inclusive scope • all science and medicine • Encouraging discussion and debate • at PLoS ONE: commenting, rating and annotation • elsewhere: Editorial Board discussion forum; EveryONE blog; Twitter; FriendFeed; Facebook • Streamlined production • publication on every weekday

  24. PLoS ONE – statistics • * Started publishing Dec 20th, 2006 • Community acceptance • third largest peer-reviewed journal • 50,000 authors • 1000 Academic Editors

  25. CertificationPart 2Adding value after publication

  26. Researchers (authors and readers) Institutions Funders Librarians The public Publishers Who cares about measuring researchimpact?

  27. How do we measure ‘impact’? The worth of a paper tends to be judged on the basis of the impact factor of the journal in which it was published. Recommended reading: Adler, R., Ewing, J. Taylor, P. Citation statistics. A report from the International Mathematical Union. http://www.mathunion.org/publications/report/citationstatistics/

  28. How could we measure ‘impact’? At the ARTICLE LEVEL, we could track: • Citations • Web usage • Expert Ratings • Social bookmarking • Community rating • Media/blog coverage • Commenting activity • and more… • Current technology now makes it possible to add these metrics automatically

  29. Article-Level Metrics at PLoS • A range of additional measures which provide insight into ‘impact’ - not just citations and usage • Metrics/indicators at the article-level, for all journals • Not just for scholarly evaluation – also a way to filter and discover content • The idea is not new, but PLoS is the first publisher to provide this range of data • Michael Jensen, The New Metrics of Scholarly Authority, Chronicle of Higher Education, June 15, 2007

  30. (http://tiny.cc/ALM1)

  31. CrossRef Landing Page

  32. citeulike Landing Page

  33. Postgenomic Landing Page

  34. Downloading the data http://www.plosone.org/static/plos-alm.zip

  35. Evaluating the (usage) data

  36. Evaluating the (usage) data

  37. Evaluating the (usage) data

  38. Next steps for article-level metrics • More sources for each data type • Citations, blog coverage • New data sources • F1000, Mendeley • Expert analysis and tools • Broader adoption • By publishers • By tenure committees, funders etc • Develop and adhere to standards

  39. RegistrationRapid communication of new findings and ideasPLoS Currents