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Live or die? A Report From Berlin on the Future of Arts Funding in Germany Dr. Beth Bienvenu, Mathilde Speier, and Shawna Vacca October 18, 2008 Outline “Ghosts” of Berlin and Germany: Important Moments in History Affecting Arts Policy Today Funding of The Arts in Germany and Berlin

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live or die a report from berlin on the future of arts funding in germany

Live or die? A Report From Berlin on the Future of Arts Funding in Germany

Dr. Beth Bienvenu,

Mathilde Speier, and

Shawna Vacca

October 18, 2008

outline
Outline

“Ghosts” of Berlin and Germany: Important Moments in History Affecting Arts Policy Today

Funding of The Arts in Germany and Berlin

Report From Berlin: Findings

Argument: Berlin Arts Funding Will Thrive

Argument: Berlin Arts Funding Will Suffer

Your Conclusions?

ghosts of berlin and germany important moments in history affecting arts policy today beth bienvenu
“Ghosts” of Berlin and Germany: Important Moments in History Affecting Arts Policy Today Beth Bienvenu

United German Empire – 1871 - 1918

25 independent nation states

Strong commitment to arts and culture but unique cultural traditions and policies

Weimar Republic – 1919-1933

Support divided between the federal, state and local governments

ghosts of berlin and germany important moments in history affecting arts policy today
“Ghosts” of Berlin and Germany: Important Moments in History Affecting Arts Policy Today

Rule of the Third Reich – 1933 – 1945

Strong centralized government

Censorship (Entartete Kunst)

Loss of art and artists

Destruction of industry and commerce, particularly in Berlin

ghosts of berlin and germany important moments in history affecting arts policy today7
“Ghosts” of Berlin and Germany: Important Moments in History Affecting Arts Policy Today

Post World War II Response

Renewed decentralization in all aspects of government, including cultural policy (West)

Strong anti-censorship sentiment (West)

Lack of industry or economic base in Berlin

ghosts of berlin and germany important moments in history affecting arts policy today8
“Ghosts” of Berlin and Germany: Important Moments in History Affecting Arts Policy Today

The Cold War – post WWII-1990

Centralized government in the East, strong control over arts and culture

Decentralized government in the West, little control over arts and culture

ghosts of berlin and germany important moments in history affecting arts policy today9
“Ghosts” of Berlin and Germany: Important Moments in History Affecting Arts Policy Today

Reunification Era – 1990 to present

Shift back toward decentralization and private support in the East

Impact of duplicative organizations

Cost for restoration

Overall Berlin debt

slide11

Funding of the Arts in Germany and Berlin Mathilde Speier

Examples of Berlin 2008 subsidies per ticket:

Deutsche Oper: $ 248

Schaubühne: $167

Deutsches Theater: $140

Renaissance Theater: $37

funding of the arts in germany and berlin
Funding of the Arts in Germany and Berlin

The German model (1):

Terminology

“Nation of Culture”

Decentralized

funding of the arts in germany and berlin13
Funding of the Arts in Germany and Berlin

The German model (2):

Germany is a federal, parliamentary republic consisting of 16 states (Länder).

Three (3) levels of governmental policy toward culture:

(1) Federal

(2) State [16 sovereign states]

(3) Local

funding of the arts in germany and berlin14
Funding of the Arts in Germany and Berlin

Budgets:

In 2007, the total budget for culture in Germany was ca $10.8 billion

funding of the arts in germany and berlin15
Funding of the Arts in Germany and Berlin

Trends:

Total cultural budget (federal, state and local combined) in Germany declining

German government is encouraging private funding

Federal Government’s role in funding increasing

funding of the arts in germany and berlin16
Funding of the Arts in Germany and Berlin

Berlin

City-State

Disproportional Federal funding

State $470 million

Federal $545 million

What is the rationale?

report from berlin interviewees
Museums

Museumsinsel

Jewish Museum

Visual

Academie Der Künste

Hamburger Bahnhof

KW Institute For Contemporary Arts

Film

German Federal Film Fund

The Berlin Film Festival

Theatre/Opera

Deutsches Theater

Deutsche Oper

Staatsoper

Schaubühne

Sophiensaele

Radialsystem V

Berliner Festspiele

Stiftung Oper in Berlin

Dance

Staatsballett

Sasha Waltz & Guests

Radialsystem V

Report from Berlin: Interviewees
report from berlin interviewees18
Orchestra

Mahler Chamber Orchestra

Konzerthaus Berlin

Berliner Festspiele

Deutsche Orchestervereinigung (German Orchestra Union) (DOV)

Support/Other

Academie Der Künste

Deutsche Orchestervereinigung (German Orchestra Union) (DOV)

Stiftung Oper in Berlin

Hauptstadtkulturfonds

Berlin Senate for Cultural Affairs

Arbeitskreis Kultursponsorship (AKS)

International Association of Art Critics (IACA)

Report from Berlin: Interviewees
report from berlin findings shawna vacca
Report from Berlin: Findings Shawna Vacca

Attitudes & Beliefs

German Tradition and Identity: ‘I don’t like Opera personally, but we should support it with our tax dollars’

U.S.: Why should my tax dollars go to the arts?

Censorship Concerns

Germany - Freedom in Public Funding

U.S. - Freedom in Private Funding

report from berlin findings
Report from Berlin: Findings

Older, Larger, Traditionally Supported Arts Organizations (Opera, Theatre, Ballet, Orchestra)

Most Suspicious of Corporate and Private Funding

Have Fewest Resources Allocated to Fundraising

All (8) organizations 40 - 300+ years old, 50-100 employees are 67-100% publicly funded.

Younger, Smaller, Contemporary Arts Organizations Embrace Corporate and other Private Funding

All (5) organizations started since 1990*, have an average of 20 employees, have 30-100% private funding (less than 30% publicly funded), including corporate funds and sponsorships

* Except Hamburger Bahnhof which is a part of the Prussian Heritage Foundation

report from berlin findings21
Report from Berlin: Findings
  • Trend Toward Starting “Friends of…” Associations, Memberships, Foundations
    • 2 older organizations, 2 newer organizations
  • All organizations that have public funding feel government budget cuts