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Chapter 1 Section 1

Chapter 1 Section 1

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Chapter 1 Section 1

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  1. Chapter 1 Section 1 The Earliest Americans

  2. The Earliest Americans • First Migration to the Americas • Many scientists believe that people first came to the land of the Americas during the Ice Ages • During this time the ocean level dropped creating land bridges to travel on (Bering Land Bridge) • Evidence shows that the Paleo-Indians crossed the bridge between 38,000 and 10,000 B.C. • They Migrated here • Movement of people or animals from one region to another • It is believed they and their descendants followed herds of animals all the way in to South America and became a hunter-gatherer society

  3. The Earliest Americans • Around 800 B.C. the climate warmed, the oceans rose and new landscapes, and vegetations formed • Because the environment changed the interactions changed, and therefore cultures changed. • Farming, started grew items such as Maize, beans, squash • This allowed a more stable food supply and permanent settlements started to form

  4. The Earliest Americans • Early Mesoamerican and South American Societies • Earliest cultures arose in Mesoamerica (Southern Mexico and Central America) • Olmec and Maya • 1200 B.C. the Olmec developed. Culture spread by trade • Stone Architecture and sculpture • Ended around 400 B.C. • About 200 AD Mayans had become a dominate culture in the area • Cities had large pyramids, bridges, buildings and canals. Very advanced society • By 900 Maya culture began to collapse and disappear • Video Clip on Mayans http://www.learn360.com/ShowVideo.aspx?ID=351924

  5. The Earliest Americans

  6. The Earliest Americans • Aztecs • Warrior attitude and strong military led to great success • Migration to Central Mexico around 1100 AD • Huge trade networks • 1325 Capital city of Tenochtitlan’ was found on an island in Lake Texcoco • One of the worlds largest cities • Connected to shores by roads that were built up

  7. The Earliest Americans • Inca • Andes Mountain range region • Capital Cuzco • By 1500 empire stretched from Ecuador to central Chili • 12 Million people lived in the empire • Quechua was the official language • No written language so records were kept on knotted ropes called quipu • Great Artwork and road system