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Chapter 1, Section 1

Chapter 1, Section 1

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Chapter 1, Section 1

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  1. Chapter 1, Section 1 Why Study Psychology?

  2. Where have we been? Nowhere, yet. Here we go!

  3. Where are we now? • What you will learn today: • What you want to learn • Behavior and Mental Processes are the two components of Psychology • Goals of Psychology • Psychology as a Science

  4. What Do You Want to Learn?

  5. What Do You Want to Learn? Why people act as they do

  6. What Do You Want to Learn? Why people act as they do Why you act as you do

  7. What Do You Want to Learn? Why people act as they do Why you act as you do Learn about your thoughts and feelings

  8. What Do You Want to Learn? Why people act as they do Why you act as you do Learn about your thoughts and feelings Help others handle the stresses of daily life

  9. What Do You Want to Learn? Why people act as they do Why you act as you do Learn about your thoughts and feelings Help others handle the stresses of daily life Whatever your reason, psychology will give you new ways to interpret your world and the people who inhabit it

  10. Behavior and Mental Processes

  11. Behavior and Mental Processes Psychology- the scientific study of behavior and mental processes

  12. Behavior and Mental Processes Psychology- the scientific study of behavior and mental processes Behavior- any action that other people can observe or measure

  13. Behavior and Mental Processes Psychology- the scientific study of behavior and mental processes Behavior- any action that other people can observe or measure Cognitive Activities- private mental processes

  14. Goals of Psychology

  15. Goals of Psychology Observe

  16. Goals of Psychology Observe Describe

  17. Goals of Psychology Observe Describe Explain

  18. Goals of Psychology Observe Describe Explain Predict

  19. Goals of Psychology Observe Describe Explain Predict Control

  20. Applying the Goals of Psychology- Athletes

  21. Applying the Goals of Psychology- Athletes How does an athlete perfect their skills?

  22. Applying the Goals of Psychology- Athletes • How does an athlete perfect their skills? • Repetition, repetition, repetition

  23. Applying the Goals of Psychology- Athletes • How does an athlete perfect their skills? • Repetition, repetition, repetition • What does an athlete do to prepare the day of their competition?

  24. Applying the Goals of Psychology- Athletes • How does an athlete perfect their skills? • Repetition, repetition, repetition • What does an athlete do to prepare the day of their competition? • Positive Visualization- athletes imagine themselves going through the motions

  25. Applying the Goals of Psychology- Athletes • How does an athlete perfect their skills? • Repetition, repetition, repetition • What does an athlete do to prepare the day of their competition? • Positive Visualization- athletes imagine themselves going through the motions • How does an athlete feel just prior to their competition?

  26. Applying the Goals of Psychology- Athletes • How does an athlete perfect their skills? • Repetition, repetition, repetition • What does an athlete do to prepare the day of their competition? • Positive Visualization- athletes imagine themselves going through the motions • How does an athlete feel just prior to their competition? • Anxiety to perform

  27. Looking at another Example Page 5 in our texts explains how a professional football placekicker went through the routine each athlete completes that we just discussed Psychologists examine his behavior using the 5 goals of psychology

  28. Psychology as a Science??

  29. Psychology as a Science?? Psychology is a social science

  30. Psychology as a Science?? Psychology is a social science Social Sciences deal with the structure of human society and the nature of individuals who make up that society

  31. Psychology as a Science?? Psychology is a social science Social Sciences deal with the structure of human society and the nature of individuals who make up that society Psychology is closely related to natural sciences

  32. Psychology as a Science?? • Psychology is a social science • Social Sciences deal with the structure of human society and the nature of individuals who make up that society • Psychology is closely related to natural sciences • Concerned with the nature of the physical world

  33. Psychology as a Science?? • Psychology is a social science • Social Sciences deal with the structure of human society and the nature of individuals who make up that society • Psychology is closely related to natural sciences • Concerned with the nature of the physical world • Psychologists follow the scientific method in their research

  34. Psychology as a Science?? Continued Psychology mainly tests ideas through surveys and experimentation

  35. Psychology as a Science??Continued Psychology mainly tests ideas through surveys and experimentation They then organize these ideas into theories

  36. Psychology as a Science?? Continued Psychology mainly tests ideas through surveys and experimentation They then organize these ideas into theories Theory- statement that attempts to explain why things are the way they are and happen the way they do

  37. Psychology as a Science?? Continued Psychology mainly tests ideas through surveys and experimentation They then organize these ideas into theories Theory- statement that attempts to explain why things are the way they are and happen the way they do Useful Theories allow psychologists to predict behavior and mental processes

  38. Psychology as a Science?? Continued Psychology mainly tests ideas through surveys and experimentation They then organize these ideas into theories Theory- statement that attempts to explain why things are the way they are and happen the way they do Useful Theories allow psychologists to predict behavior and mental processes If a theory does not accurately predict behavior or mental processes, psychologists consider revising or replacing the theory

  39. What we learned

  40. What we learned What you wanted to learn

  41. What we learned What you wanted to learn Behavior and Mental Processes are the two components of Psychology

  42. What we learned What you wanted to learn Behavior and Mental Processes are the two components of Psychology Goals of Psychology

  43. What we learned What you wanted to learn Behavior and Mental Processes are the two components of Psychology Goals of Psychology Psychology as a Science

  44. Where are we going? Parapsychology: The supernatural Watching Secrets of the Psychics