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Origin and Introduction of Coffee

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  1. Origin and Introduction of Coffee AD 850 • Coffee, • Tea, • Cocoa, • Three of the most important non-alcoholic beverages in the world. • The Arabs were the first to commercially brew and cultivate coffee. Just Pirouetting” Illustrated by Edward Coore (2005)

  2. Prepared and presented by Louis Campbell ( lcampbell@ciboj.org ) on behalf of the Jamaica Library Service Coffee, it’s past and present status in Jamaica and the Region

  3. Ethiopians chewed the leaves and fruits gathered from wild trees. A mixture of ground-roasted, or green, coffee fruits and fats were taken along on hunts as a survival staple. Caffeine was leached out of the leaves or fruit during chewing. Some authors have suggested that an alcoholic beverage was made from the fruits before a non-alcoholic one was produced EARLIEST USES OF THE PLANT

  4. Coffee Botany

  5. Origin believed to be from the high lands of: Eastern Africa Origin and Introduction of Coffee • In Areas over 1000 masl • In Forestry settings

  6. Origin and Introduction of Coffee From Africa: Today approx. 50 producing countries exist The origin and introduction of Coffee across the globe (Adapted from N.W. Simmonds, Evolution of Crop Plants (New York: Longman, 1976)

  7. PRODUCER COUNTRIES 2005 crop year 11 mil bags 32 mil bags 13 mil bags 2.7 mil bags 6 mil bags *Bags are (60 kg)

  8. PRODUCER COUNTRIES 1.9 mil bags 3.5 mil bags 2 mil bags 2.3 mil bags 1.3 mil bags 1 mil bags 81,000 bags *Bags are (60 kg)

  9. PRODUCER COUNTRIES 34,000 bags 20,000 bags 41,000 bags 10,000 bags *Bags are (60 kg)

  10. Most valuable product in world trade In many years second in value only to oil as a source of foreign exchange earner to developing countries. COFFEE TODAY Source: ICO_ 2006

  11. Coffee Enters Jamaica First coffee was planted at Temple Hall • Between 1728 and 1768 it moved to the Blue Mountains then the hills of Manchester, St. Ann and St. Elizabeth.

  12. Coffee In Jamaica The Blue Mountain area being the largest Today coffee is being produced in the interior of most parishes Accounting for about 80% of total production

  13. Coffee In Jamaica Some coffee areas and pulperies in St. Andrew

  14. Rivers, communities & Pulperies in St. Andrew

  15. Coffee In Jamaica Contributes aprox. US$35 mil yearly to economy Employs about 120,000 persons in all aspect Probably more to socio-economy

  16. Coffee In Jamaica Nice layout Climatic variations • Has high demand • Highest price • Good reputation Top quality coffee This Jamaican coffee

  17. Coffee In Jamaica

  18. Cup Testing Factory area Packaging for export Coffee In Jamaica Coffee measuring box

  19. Thank you very much for your attention