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CIVIL WAR ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES

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CIVIL WAR ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES. NORTH. ADVANTAGES Larger population More industry More resources Better banking system More railroad mileage Better leader (Abraham Lincoln) More ships Better balance between farming and industry Functioning Government. DISADVANTAGES

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civil war advantages disadvantages
CIVIL WARADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES

NORTH

  • ADVANTAGES
  • Larger population
  • More industry
  • More resources
  • Better banking system
  • More railroad mileage
  • Better leader (Abraham Lincoln)
  • More ships
  • Better balance between farming
  • and industry
  • Functioning Government

DISADVANTAGES

Faced hostile people

Southern territory unfamiliar

civil war advantages disadvantages1

CIVIL WARADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES

SOUTH

ADVANTAGES

Strong popular support

Familiar territory

Superior military training facilities

DISADVANTAGES

Smaller population

Few factories

Less food production

Fewer railroad miles

Fewer ships

Jefferson Davis

Belief in states’ rights

civil war problems north and south

CIVIL WARPROBLEMS NORTH AND SOUTH

  • NORTH
  • “Peace Democrats” (also called
  • “Copperheads”) favored a truce
  • with the Confederacy
  • Enlistments declined
    • Bounties offered – failed
    • Draft law drew names of men
    • 20-45
    • Could buy out of it for $300
  • Draft riots took place in New
  • York City in July, 1863
  • SOUTH
  • Enlistments declined
  • Draft law drew names of men
  • 18-35 to serve for 3 years
    • could hire a substitute
  • Bombing raids caused people to have
  • to leave their homes
  • Blockade caused imported goods to
  • disappear
  • Crops were destroyed, railroads were
  • torn apart
  • Clothing wore out and could not be
  • replaced
civil war strategies

CIVIL WARSTRATEGIES

NORTH

  • The Anaconda Plan
  • Blockade the South
  • Split the Confederacy by gaining
  • control of the Mississippi River
  • Capture Richmond, the Confederate
    • capital
civil war strategies1

CIVIL WARSTRATEGIES

SOUTH

  • WIN RECOGNITION AS AN
  • INDEPENDENT NATION
  • Capture Washington, D.C.
  • Seize central Pennsylvania
  • Defend homeland until
    • North tired of fighting
  • Get Britain to pressure
    • North to end blockade to
    • restore cotton supplies
civil war battles 1861 1862

CIVIL WARBATTLES, 1861-1862

1st BATTLE OF MANASSAS/ BULL RUN

July 21, 1861

  • - Northerners expected a quick
  • victory and an early end to
  • the war.
  • Residents of Washington,
  • D.C. came out to watch
  • Confederates won the battle
  • General Thomas Jackson
  • earned the title “Stonewall
  • Jackson at this battle
civil war battles 1861 18621

CIVIL WARBATTLES , 1861-1862

BATTLE OF THE MONITOR AND MERRIMAC

March 9, 1862

  • first battle between two
  • ironclad warships; marked
  • new age in naval warfare
  • battle ended in a “draw”,
  • neither side won
civil war battles 1861 18622

CIVIL WARBATTLES , 1861-1862

Shiloh (Tennessee)

April 6, 1862

  • bloodiest battle of the war to that
  • point
  • -- 1,735 Union dead
  • -- 7,882 Union wounded
  • -- 1,728 Confederate dead
  • -- 8,012 Confederate wounded
  • - Union victory
civil war battles 1861 18623

CIVIL WARBATTLES , 1861-1862

ANTIETAM (Maryland)

September 17, 1862

  • bloodiest single day of battle
  • in America’s history
  • -- 2,010 Union dead
  • -- 9,416 Union wounded
  • -- 1,512 Confederate dead
  • -- 7,816 Confederate wounded
  • Confederate defeat which prevented
  • Gen. Lee from convincing Britain
  • to support the South
civil war emancipation proclamation

CIVIL WAREMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION

January 1, 1863

  • Political move on the part of
  • Abraham Lincoln when he was
  • concerned the North was tiring
  • of war
  • - Freed only the slaves in the
  • “rebellious” states
  • Gave the North a new reason to
  • continue the war
  • Britain decided to withhold
  • recognition of the Confederacy
civil war women in war

CIVIL WARWOMEN IN WAR

  • ran farms and businesses
  • worked in factories
  • became teachers and government workers
  • served the military as nurses, messengers,
  • guides, scouts, smugglers, soldiers, and
  • spies

Clara Barton, nurse in the war,

eventually organized the American

Red Cross