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Chapter 5: Ancient Egypt. Lesson 1: Day 1 The Gift of the Nile. The Geography of Ancient Egypt. The Longest River The Nile River is 4160 miles long; it is the world’s longest river.

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chapter 5 ancient egypt

Chapter 5: Ancient Egypt

Lesson 1: Day 1

The Gift of the Nile

the geography of ancient egypt
The Geography of Ancient Egypt
  • The Longest River
    • The Nile River is 4160 miles long; it is the world’s longest river.
    • Begins near the equator in Africa; flows north to the Mediterranean Sea. Flows downhill from the mountains in Ethiopia.
    • In the south it churns with cataracts
      • Cataracts- Waterfalls
    • In the north, the Nile branches into a delta.
      • Delta- Area of river’s mouth where water deposits fine soil called silt.
    • Nile branches into many streams in north.
the geography of ancient egypt4
The Geography of Ancient Egypt
  • The Longest River
    • Upper Nile in the south, Lower Nile in the North.
    • Heavy rains in Ethiopia caused the river to flood every summer for centuries.
    • Soil was fertile along the Nile.
    • Nile flooded same time each year.
    • Farmers were able to predict when to grow crops.
the geography of ancient egypt5
The Geography of Ancient Egypt
  • Red Land, Black Land
    • Ancient Egyptians lived in narrow bands of land on each side of the Nile.
    • Called the black land because of soil deposited there.
    • Red land was the barren desert.
    • 8 months of the year was hot and sunny.
    • 4 months of the year was sunny and cooler.
    • 1 inch of rain per year. VERY DRY REGION
the geography of ancient egypt6
The Geography of Ancient Egypt
  • Isolation
    • Harsh deserts kept enemies away from Egypt.
    • Swampy coasts did not allow for ports to be built.
    • Egyptians remained isolated and close to home.

QUESTIONS?

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