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Developmental Spelling: Stages and Teaching Strategies. Tonja L. Root, Ed.D. & Margie Tullos, Ed.S. Department of Early Childhood & Reading Education Valdosta State University Valdosta, Georgia 31698. Precommunicative Spelling: “Role Play Writing” Characteristics of Writing.

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developmental spelling stages and teaching strategies

Developmental Spelling: Stages and Teaching Strategies

Tonja L. Root, Ed.D.

& Margie Tullos, Ed.S.

Department of Early Childhood & Reading Education

Valdosta State University

Valdosta, Georgia 31698

precommunicative spelling role play writing characteristics of writing
Precommunicative Spelling:“Role Play Writing”Characteristics of Writing
  • Use scribbles, letters, letter-like forms, numbers.
  • Show no understanding of phoneme-grapheme (letter-sound) relationships.
  • Show a preference for uppercase letters.
  • Write from left-to-right, right-to-left, top-to-bottom, or randomly on the page.
  • Know that the print carries the message.
precommunicative spelling teaching strategies
Precommunicative Spelling:Teaching Strategies
  • Develop interest in print: Read aloud daily, create a print-rich environment, spend time with books.
  • Encourage children to write.
  • Use LEA and teacher/student modeling.
  • Teach letter names with letter forms.
precommunicative spelling teaching strategies cont
Precommunicative Spelling:Teaching Strategies, cont.
  • Introduce concepts and terms: letter, beginning/ending sounds, word, sentence.
  • Begin developing understanding of letter sounds, concept of rhyming.
  • Discuss and model directionality.
  • Discuss spelling with children & family members.
  • Find an appreciative audience.
semiphonetic spelling experimental characteristics of writing
Semiphonetic Spelling:ExperimentalCharacteristics of Writing
  • Sometimes have not developed directionality: write from left to right, top to bottom.
  • Use letters to represent sounds.
  • Use abbreviated 1, 2, 3 letter spellings; omit some important letters in words.
  • Use letter-name strategy for spelling.
semiphonetic spelling teaching strategies
Semiphonetic Spelling:Teaching Strategies
  • Encourage attempts at writing.
  • Continue to develop phoneme-grapheme correspondence.
  • Do LEA, asking for help with spelling.
  • Model writing.
  • Read daily.
  • Brainstorm words (& spelling) to make word banks prior to writing (sometimes).
semiphonetic spelling teaching strategies cont
Semiphonetic Spelling:Teaching Strategies, cont.
  • Encourage children to write by representing sounds in the order they hear them.
  • Display words used frequently in writing.
  • Let children see what other children write.
  • Discuss developmental spelling with children and family members.
phonetic spelling characteristics of writing
Phonetic Spelling:Characteristics of Writing
  • Select letters on basis of sound alone.
  • Spelling represents all essential sound features.
  • Spelling is readable (more or less).
phonetic spelling teaching strategies
Phonetic Spelling:Teaching Strategies
  • Read daily.
  • Model writing and encourage children to write.
  • Develop awareness of correct spelling, emphasizing visual features of words.
  • Expose children to word families, spelling patterns, word structure.
  • Teach students how to study a word.
transitional spelling characteristics of writing
Transitional Spelling:Characteristics of Writing
  • Include a vowel in each syllable.
  • Apply many spelling rules; may overgeneralize.
  • Spelling resembles English spelling.
  • Spelling is easily read.
transitional spelling teaching strategies
Transitional Spelling:Teaching Strategies
  • Provide correct model of spelling.
  • Have students identify misspelled words by circling them.
  • Provide writing resources and teach students to use them independently.
  • Provide a spelling program.
  • Study affixes, root words, and homophones.
transitional spelling teaching strategies31
Transitional Spelling:Teaching Strategies
  • Provide word-sorting activities.
  • Extend use of personal word banks.
  • Encourage use of mnemonics.
  • Emphasize importance of dictionary spelling for public sharing.
  • Model writing and encourage children to write.
  • Let students see what others write.
  • Read daily.
correct spelling characteristics of writing
Correct Spelling:Characteristics of Writing
  • Have internalized the alphabetic principle.
  • Have learned basic spelling words.
  • Spell words according to adult standards.
correct spelling teaching strategies
Correct Spelling:Teaching Strategies
  • Teach students to spell multi-syllable words that contain common word parts (-tion, -able, inter-).
  • Provide spelling instruction: increase spelling awareness & correct misspelled words.
  • Keep spelling notebooks or personal dictionaries.
  • Develop proofreading skills.
correct spelling teaching strategies34
Correct Spelling:Teaching Strategies
  • Develop responsibility for identifying & correcting own spelling.
  • Encourage use of various strategies when spelling.
  • Provide quality writing experiences.
  • Continue to model and share writing.
  • Read daily.
references
References
  • Some of the examples of student writing are from Temple, C., Nathan, R., Temple, F., & Burris, N. (1993). The beginnings of writing (3rd edition). New York: Allyn and Bacon.