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Spelling Rules. QU Q always needs a U. C C says /s/ before E, I, or Y. (otherwise, C usually says /k/). cent, city, cycle. G G may say /j/ before E, I, or Y . (otherwise, G usually says /g/). germ, giant, gym. A, E, O, U A, E, O, U usually say /A, E, O, U/ at the end of a syllable.

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Spelling Rules


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Spelling Rules

    2. QUQ always needs a U

    3. CC says /s/ before E, I, or Y.(otherwise, C usually says /k/) cent, city, cycle

    4. GG may say /j/ before E, I, or Y.(otherwise, G usually says /g/) germ, giant, gym

    5. A, E, O, UA, E, O, U usually say /A, E, O, U/ at the end of a syllable. la-zy, me, go, u-nit

    6. I, YI and Y usually say /i/ at the end of a syllable (cli-nic) but MAY say /I/.

    7. I, U, V, JEnglish words do not end inI, U, V, or J.

    8. Silent Final E The preceding vowel sound changes because of the E.

    9. The Supporter E English words do not end with V or U (the E holds them up!).

    10. The Softening E The C says /s/ and the G says /j/ because of the E.

    11. The Sidekick E Every syllable must have a vowel (a silent E adds a vowel to a syllable).

    12. The Odd Job E A silent final E that does any odd job not covered by another E rule.

    13. OROR usually says /er/ when W comes before O-R.

    14. IE or EIUse I before E (chief)…-except after C (receive)-if we say A (their)-and in some exceptions.

    15. SH/Sh/ used at the beginning of a word (she)at the end of a syllable (fish),but NOT at the beginning of any syllable after the first one (na-tion),except for the ending –ship (friend-ship).

    16. TI, CI, SILatin spellings of /sh/ used at the beginning of any syllable after the first one. na-tion, fa-cial, ten-sion

    17. AbbreviationsAbbreviations use a few letters to represent a larger word. Mr. = Mister

    18. 1-1-1 RuleWhen a one syllable word ends in one vowel then one consonant, double the last consonant before adding a vowel suffix. get, get-ting

    19. 2-1-1 Accent RuleWhen a two syllable word ends in one vowel then one consonant, double the last consonant before adding a vowel suffix IF the accent is on the last syllable. forget, for-get-ting

    20. Silent Final E WordsSilent Final E words commonly lose the need for the E when adding a VOWEL suffix. hope, hop-ing, hopeless

    21. FF, LL, SSWe often double F, L, S after a single vowel at the end of a base word (off, all, con-fess). Occasionally, other letters are doubled in this way (ebb, odd, egg, inn, err, watt, jazz).

    22. AYA-Y usually says /A/ at the end of a base word (may, pay, day). When a word ends with an A, it says /ah/ (ma, pa, soda).Exception: the word “a”

    23. I & OI and O may say /I/ and /O/ before two consonants. bind, gold

    24. XSX is never directly before S. boxes, excel

    25. ALL and FULL are written with one L when added to another syllable. almost, beautiful, fulfill

    26. PluralsTo make a word plural, just add –S unless the word ending hisses (rich, bus, wish, box, buzz), changes (wife/wives, fly/flies) or may end with O (tomato/tomatoes). In these cases, add –ES.

    27. DGE3 letter /j/ used only after a single vowel that says /a-e-i-o-u/. badge, edge, bridge, lodge, fudge

    28. A Single Vowel YThe single vowel Y (not -oy, -ey, -ay) changes to I when adding ANY ending (try/tried, beauty/ beautiful, baby/babies) unless the ending begins with an I (trying/babyish)

    29. CK2 letter /k/ used only after a single vowel that says /a-e-i-o-u/. back, peck, pick, pocket, truck

    30. CapitalizationCAPITALIZE words that are the individual names or titles of persons, places, or things.

    31. ZZ, never S, is used to say /z/ at the beginning of a base word. zoo, zip, zero

    32. EDE-D, past-tense ending, forms another syllable if the base word ends with /d/ or /t/ (loaded, acted).If not, E-D sounds like either /d/ or /t/ (killed, picked).

    33. ContractionsContractions replace a letter (or letters) with an apostrophe to contract (or shorten) a phrase. I am = I’m she will = she’ll

    34. Phonogramsphonograms listed first; sounds listed second

    35. A /a/ - /A/ - /ah/

    36. B /b/

    37. C /k/ - /s/

    38. D /d/

    39. E /e/ - /E/

    40. F /f/

    41. G /g/ - /j/

    42. H /h/

    43. I /i/ - /I/

    44. J /j/

    45. K /k/

    46. L /l/

    47. M /m/

    48. N /n/

    49. O /ah/ - /O/ - /OO/

    50. P /p/