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PPA786: Urban Policy. Class 1: Introduction. Urban Policy: Introduction . Class Outline Review Course Requirements and Readings Introduce Census Urban Geography. Urban Policy: Introduction . Urban Policy: Introduction . Urban Policy: Introduction . Urban Policy: Introduction .

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ppa786 urban policy

PPA786: Urban Policy

Class 1:

Introduction

urban policy introduction
Urban Policy: Introduction
  • Class Outline
    • Review Course Requirements and Readings
    • Introduce Census Urban Geography
urban policy introduction7
Urban Policy: Introduction
  • Course Outline
    • Introduction
      • Evaluation of social programs
    • Housing
      • Basic analytical tools
      • Housing problems and housing policy
    • Discrimination and Segregation
    • Concentrated Poverty and Welfare Programs
    • Employment and Economic Development
urban policy introduction8
Urban Policy: Introduction
  • Course Requirements
    • 1. Case Studies
      • Participate in discussions
      • Write memo
    • 2. City Journal
      • Essays on topics in the class
      • Turned in twice; three entries in all
    • 3. Policy Summit
      • Group presentation
      • Policy memo
urban policy introduction9
Urban Policy: Introduction
  • Alternative Definitions of “Urban”
    • Common Usage
      • Urban = large city (and perhaps its inner suburbs)
      • Defined as governmental units
    • Census Definition (explored below)
      • Urban = metropolitan = large cities, their counties, and the counties that are linked to them
    • Analytical Definition
      • Urban = place with relatively high population density
urban policy introduction10
Urban Policy: Introduction
  • Census Geographic Units
  • Region
    • Division
      • State
        • County
          • County subdivision
            • Place (or part)
              • Census tract (or part)
                • Block group (or part)
                  • Census block
urban policy introduction11
Urban Policy: Introduction
  • Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)
    • A metropolitan statistical area (MSA) combines a large population nucleus with adjacent counties that have a high degree of economic and social integration with that nucleus.
    • Each MA must contain either a place with a minimum population of 50,000 or a U.S. Census Bureau-defined urbanized area and a total MA population of at least 100,000.
urban policy introduction12
Urban Policy: Introduction
  • Micropolitan Statistical Area
    • A micropolitan statistical area is a mini MSA.
    • It must have a central place with a population between 10,000 and 50,000.
urban policy introduction13
Urban Policy: Introduction
  • Consolidated and Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA and PMSA)
    • If an MSA has 1 million people or more, two or more primary metropolitan statistical areas (PMSAs) may be defined within it.
    • Each PMSA consists of a large urbanized county or cluster of counties that demonstrate strong economic and social links to other portions of the larger area.
    • When PMSAs are established, the larger MSA of which they are component parts is designated a consolidated metropolitan statistical area (CMSA).
urban policy introduction14
Urban Policy: Introduction
  • Central City
    • In each MSA, PMSA, and CMSA, the largest place and, in some cases, one or more additional places are designated as ‘‘central cities.’’
    • The largest central city and, in some cases, up to two additional central cities, are included in the title of the MSA.
urban policy introduction15
Urban Policy: Introduction
  • Urbanized Area (UA)
    • An urbanized area (UA) consists of densely settled territory that contains 50,000 or more people.
    • The U.S. Census Bureau delineates UAs to provide a better separation of urban and rural territory, population, and housing in the vicinity of large places.
    • This is closest to analytical definition, but it is not used for most types of data.
urban policy introduction16
Urban Policy: Introduction
  • Census Tract
    • Census tracts are small, relatively permanent statistical subdivisions of a county or statistically equivalent entity delineated by local participants.
    • The primary purpose of census tracts is to provide a stable set of geographic units for the presentation of decennial census data, but their boundaries sometimes change.
    • Census tracts generally have between 1,500 and 8,000 people, with an optimum size of 4,000.
urban policy introduction17
Urban Policy: Introduction
  • Census Block
    • Census blocks are areas bounded on all sides by visible features, such as streets, or by invisible boundaries, such as city limits.
    • Generally, census blocks are small in area; for example, a block bounded by city streets. However, census blocks in sparsely settled areas may contain many square miles of territory.
urban policy introduction18
Urban Policy: Introduction
  • Other Terms
    • A ‘‘metropolitan area’’ (MA) is either an MSA, a CMSA, or a PMSA.
    • A “core-based statistical area’’ (CBSA) is either an MSA or a micropolitanstatistical areas.
    • A “census block group” is just what it sounds like—an intermediate geography between census blocks and census tracts.
urban policy introduction21
Urban Policy: Introduction
  • Number of Metropolitan Areas
    • As of December 2009, there were
      • 366 MSAs and 576 micropolitanstatistical areas in the United States
      • In addition, there were 8 MSAs and 5 micropolitan statistical areas in Puerto Rico.