notes on chapter 4 new orleans
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Notes on Chapter 4 – “New Orleans”

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

Notes on Chapter 4 – “New Orleans” - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Notes on Chapter 4 – “New Orleans”. founded by France in 1718; sold to Spain in 1763 but “reclaimed” in 1803 cultural life from the 18th century, encompassing opera, Mardi Gras, dances, parades, and fancy balls. essentially French in character port city

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Notes on Chapter 4 – “New Orleans”' - awena

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
early history of the city
founded by France in 1718; sold to Spain in 1763 but “reclaimed” in 1803

cultural life from the 18th century, encompassing opera, Mardi Gras, dances, parades, and fancy balls.

essentially French in character

port city

19th-century commercial center, became the largest, most sophisticated city in the South

Early History of the city
slavery and race relations in new orleans
Race relations somewhat “unique” compared elsewhere in US

slave trade, but also “more relaxed Caribbean culture”

slaves allowed to retain culture, including music.

at least a few "free blacks" lived in New Orleans by 1722.

From 1817 to about 1840 slaves and free blacks were permitted to dance and play music in a field behind the French Quarter called Congo Square.

Slavery and Race Relations in New Orleans
creoles of color
Persons of mixed ancestry known as Creoles of Color

Cultural distinctions

French rather than English was primary language

Religion – Catholic rather than Protestant

Access to formal education (including the arts)

privileges and opportunities also included civic power, property ownership, and skilled trades

"By the beginning of the nineteenth century, the Creoles occupied a position very near the top of the social order and though excluded from certain areas of white interaction, they had created their own social units, equal to and often vastly superior all others in the community.” A few owned cotton and sugar plantations with numerous slaves.

Creoles of color
creole musicians
musical performance for many was a "hobby.“

opera and symphonic performances, brass bands.

Typically viewed blues-based, improvised music as unprofessional.

Creoles got the better-paying jobs playing traditional European dances.

Creole Musicians
Alderman Sidney Story, in attempting to confine the trade of prostitution to a limited area, established a 38-block area that became known as Storyville.

primarily devoted prostitution and “related businesses.”

In August 1917, the Secretary of War and the Secretary of the Navy issued orders forbidding open prostitution within five miles of Army or Navy posts.

race and ethnic relations after the war
Reconstruction and post-Reconstruction eras.

changing economic and political circumstances gradually changed the social strata of New Orleans.

Public segregation by race re-imposed 1877.

"Act 111 of the Regular Session of the Louisiana Legislature" - the first of the so-called "Jim Crow" laws - was enacted in 1890; separate cars were required for black and white patrons traveling first class (led to Plessy v. Ferguson)

separate waiting rooms in railroad depot.

outlawing of interracial marriages.

Race and Ethnic Relations after the War
economic hardship
Both black and white workers experienced economic hardship in the 1880s and 1890s.

A huge influx of immigrants competed for available work.

industrial machinery replaced large numbers of workers.

unions organizing many trade/craftsman positions.

Many Creole artisans found themselves completely out of work or operating on a much smaller scale.

Economic hardship
early jazz artists buddy bolden
Early Jazz Artists - Buddy Bolden
  • Cornet player
  • probable 1st jazz artist (“inventor of jazz”)
  • loudness of his playing
  • distinctive timbre and attack
  • “seductive” style of playing, particularly slow blues
  • no known recordings
  • “the only musician in that era who was commonly regarded as an innovator of a new way of playing that evolved into jazz.”
freddie keppard
Freddie Keppard
  • Cornet player
  • one of the 1st New Orleans musicians to travel widely
  • star of the Creole Jazz Band (played vaudeville theaters throughout the US)
  • Alleged to play with a handkerchief over his hand to disguise his technique
  • allegedly refused an opportunity to record in 1916
original dixieland jazz band
Original Dixieland Jazz Band
  • played at Reisenweber’s Restaurant in New York in 1917 (probable 1st jazz group to play extended engagement in New York)
  • “Livery Stable Blues” and “Dixie Jass Band One-Step” probable 1st jazz recordings
  • relationship between white and black musicians
jelly roll morton
Jelly Roll Morton
  • Pianist, composer, and arranger
  • 1stjazz composer – proved that the music could be written down
  • falsely claimed to have invented jazz
  • assimilated a number of musical styles
  • 1923 recordings with Gennett Records in Richmond, IN (1st integrated recording session)
  • fall 1926, Victor recordings with Red Hot Peppers
  • LC recordings with Alan Lomax (1938)
  • died in 1941 just before a revival of interest in NO jazz
joe king oliver
Joe “King” Oliver
  • Cornet player
  • achieved local fame in band led by trombonist Kid Ory
  • particularly noted for variety of mutes
  • moved to Chicago in 1918; after time on the road, returned in 1922 to form King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band
  • 1923 Gennett recordings introduced Louis Armstrong to the world
sidney bechet
Sidney Bechet
  • clarinet, later soprano saxophone
  • toured with Will Marion Cook to Europe
  • toured Europe again on his own, returned to NY in 1921
  • hired briefly by Duke Ellington, but preferred soloist status
  • time spent in Europe may have contributed to relative lack of renown in US