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Chapter 10 Review

Chapter 10 Review

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Chapter 10 Review

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  1. Chapter 10 Review

  2. New Leaders New West

  3. 1801: Jefferson becomes President 1803: Louisiana Purchase 1807: Embargo Act 1811: Tecumseh; Battle of Tippecanoe TIMELINE 1812: War of 1812 begins 1814: British burn Washington D.C.; Treaty of Ghent; Battle of New Orleans

  4. Thomas Jefferson • In 1801, he was elected the 3rd U.S. President • Democratic style: he wore casual clothes and shook hands when greeting people

  5. Thomas Jefferson • He believed the federal government should NOT play a major role in people’s lives

  6. Thomas Jefferson • Determined to reduce size and power of federal government • He cut the federal budget

  7. Thomas Jefferson By reducing military spending, he left the army & navy small and unprepared for the War of 1812

  8. Judicial Review Strengthened the Supreme Court Marbury vs. Madison Ex.: Supreme Court rules if a new law violates the Constitution

  9. Louisiana Purchase In 1803, most farmers shipped goods down the Mississippi River to New Orleans

  10. Louisiana Purchase • US purchased western territory from France • French leader, Napoleon Bonaparte, needed money to finance his wars in Europe

  11. Exploration Continues • More land was now available for exploration and settlement • Jefferson asked Congress for money to pay for an expedition to find out about this new territory

  12. Lewis and Clark • Jefferson formed expedition to explore new territory • Looking for water route to the Pacific Ocean through the new territory

  13. Lewis and Clark New route would benefit trade by giving a more direct route to markets in China and India

  14. Lewis and Clark • Expedition increased knowledge about Native American cultures & plant/animal life in American West

  15. Zebulon Pike • Explored southern portion of Louisiana Purchase • Increased knowledge about lands in the Southwest

  16. NATIVE AMERICANS With settlers move west, their use of resources threatened the Native American way of life Conflicts between settlers and Native Americans

  17. Treaty of Greenville Miamis and other Indian nations signed the treaty which gave up land that would later become part of Ohio.

  18. Tecumseh “Uncommon Genius” Formed Indian Confederation to unite nations in resisting white settlers

  19. Battle of Tippecanoe • In 1811, Governor Harrison and 1,000 soldiers fought Tecumseh forces at Tippecanoe Creek. Harrison’s troops won in the end. • White settlers celebrated battle as major victory.

  20. American overseas trade grows Barbary pirates were capturing ships and cargo in Mediterranean Sea To prevent this, US required trade ships to be escorted by the Navy

  21. American trade conflicts French and British both captured American ships and impressed the sailors Both disregarded American neutrality in their conflict

  22. American trade conflicts Embargo Act: designed to hurt Britain and France, cutting off all trade But hurt US shipping American smuggling increased

  23. American trade conflicts Nonintercourse Act: Allowed trade with all nations EXCEPT Britain and France Milder than Embargo Act

  24. WAR HAWKS Members of Congress from South and West who wanted to declare war on Britain; Felix Grundy, Henry Clay “Advantages” of war: lead to greater American security and end of impressments

  25. Doves Disagreed New England merchants disagreed with idea of war/loss of trade with Britain Hartford Convention: threatened secession if war continued

  26. War of 1812 US military was not prepared for war against British navy Lake Erie: between territory controlled by American and those by British forces Battle of Lake Erie: American victory despite poor preparation

  27. War of 1812 British troops burned Washington D.C. British bombarded Fort McHenry Star-Spangled Banner by Francis Scott Key

  28. Treaty of Ghent Ended the War of 1812 Allowed restoration of pre-War of 1812 conditions

  29. Battle of New Orleans Andrew Jackson led victory over British after the Treaty of Ghent had been signed Did NOT know that the treaty ending the War of 1812 had been signed.

  30. Questions????? • What allowed restoration of pre-War 1812 conditions? • Nonintercourse Act • Pinckney Treaty • Treaty of Greenville • Treaty of Ghent

  31. Treaty of Ghent Ended the War of 1812 Allowed restoration of pre-War of 1812 conditions

  32. Questions????? • What allowed all trade except with Britain and France? • Nonintercourse Act • Pinckney Treaty • Treaty of Greenville • Treaty of Ghent

  33. American trade conflicts Nonintercourse Act: Allowed trade with all nations EXCEPT Britain and France Milder than Embargo Act

  34. Questions????? • What conflict was fought after the War of 1812 ended? • Battle of Lake Erie • Battle of New Orleans • Battle of Tippecanoe • Marbury v. Madison

  35. Battle of New Orleans Andrew Jackson led victory over British after the Treaty of Ghent had been signed Did NOT know that the treaty ending the War of 1812 had been signed.

  36. Questions????? • What conflict resulted in establishing judicial review? • Battle of Lake Erie • Battle of New Orleans • Battle of Tippecanoe • Marbury v. Madison

  37. Judicial Review Strengthened the Supreme Court Marbury vs. Madison

  38. Questions????? • What conflict resulted in victory despite poor preparation? • Battle of Lake Erie • Battle of New Orleans • Battle of Tippecanoe • Marbury v. Madison

  39. War of 1812 US military was not prepared for war against British navy Battle of Lake Erie: American victory despite poor preparation

  40. Questions????? • From which foreign nation did the United States purchase Louisiana? • France • Spain • Haiti • Great Britain

  41. Louisiana Purchase • US purchased western territory from France • French leader, Napoleon Bonaparte, needed money to finance his wars in Europe

  42. Questions????? • Why did conflicts between Native Americans and settlers grow after 1800? • Settlers use of resources threated Native Americans way of life • Native Americans demanded tribute from settlers • Native Americans did not honor treaties with the U.S.

  43. NATIVE AMERICANS With settlers move west, their use of resources threatened the Native American way of life

  44. Questions????? • What is the BEST example of Thomas Jefferson’s democratic style? • He wore casual clothes and shook hands when greeting people • His support of the French Revolution caused Federalists to worry • He ate breakfast and Conrad and McMunn’s the morning of his inauguration

  45. Thomas Jefferson • He wore casual clothes and shook hands when greeting people.

  46. Questions????? • What conflict did white settlers celebrate as a major victory? • Battle of Tippecanoe • Battle of Lake Erie • Battle of New Orleans

  47. Battle of Tippecanoe • White settlers celebrated battle as major victory.

  48. Questions????? • Which was NOT an effect of the Lewis and Clark expedition? • Increased knowledge about plant & animal life in the West • Immediate settlement of western lands by pioneers • Increased knowledge about Native American cultures

  49. Lewis and Clark • Did NOT lead to immediate settlement of western lands by pioneers.

  50. Questions????? • Which was a result of the Embargo Act? • It badly hurt American shipping & agriculture activities • It led to Jefferson’s defeat in the 1808 election • It increased American trade with non-European nations