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SEARCH & RESCUE. Search and Rescue Operations. Sizeup Search involves: Locating victims. Documenting location. Rescue involves procedures and methods to extricate victims. Decision To Attempt Rescue. Risk involved to the rescuer Greatest good for greatest number of people.

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search and rescue operations
Search and Rescue Operations
  • Sizeup
  • Search involves:
    • Locating victims.
    • Documenting location.
  • Rescue involves procedures and methods to extricate victims
decision to attempt rescue
Decision To Attempt Rescue
  • Risk involved to the rescuer
  • Greatest good for greatest number of people
goals of search and rescue
Goals of Search and Rescue
  • Rescue greatest number in shortest amount of time
  • Rescue lightly trapped victims first
effective search and rescue
Effective Search and Rescue
  • Effective sizeup
  • Rescuer safety
  • Victims safety
unit objectives
Unit Objectives
  • Identify sizeup requirements for potential search and rescue situations.
  • Describe the most common techniques for search a structure.
  • Use safe techniques for debris removal and victim extrication.
  • Describe ways to protect rescuers during search and rescue.
cert search and rescue sizeup
CERT Search and Rescue Sizeup
  • Gather Facts
  • Assess Damage
  • Consider Probabilities
  • Assess Your Situation
  • Establish Priorities
  • Make Decisions
  • Develop Plans of Action
  • Take Action
  • Evaluate Progress
step 1 gather facts
Step 1: Gather Facts

Consider the:

  • Time of event and day of week.
  • Type of structure.
  • Construction type.
  • Weather.
  • Hazards.

Gather facts accurately.

step 2 assess and communicate damage
Step 2: Assess and Communicate Damage

CERT mission changes if:

  • Damage is light.
  • Damage is moderate.
  • Damage is heavy.
    • If there is doubt about structure condition-Leave the area around the structure immediately!

Consider structure type and age.

Never enter a structure with heavy damage!

search and rescue
Search and Rescue

Slight Damage

search and rescue1
Search and Rescue

Moderate Damage

search and rescue2
Search and Rescue

Heavy Damage

search and rescue3
Search and Rescue

If in doubt about whether to classify a building as having moderate or heavy damage, CERT members should choose the more serious level of damage—or heavy damage.

search and rescue sizeup
Search and Rescue sizeup
  • Personnel
  • Tools
  • Equipment
safety considerations
Safety Considerations
  • Make rescuer safety your primary concern.
  • Use a buddy system.
  • Be alert for hazards.
  • Use safety equipment.
  • Rotate teams.


conducting search operations
Conducting Search Operations

Inspect area by:

  • Employing search techniques based on size up.
  • Locating potential victims.
effective search methodology
Effective Search Methodology
  • Indicates rescuer location
  • Prevents duplication of effort
search methods
Search Methods
  • Call out to victims.
  • Use systematic search pattern.
  • Stop frequently to listen for sounds of trapped victims.
  • Triangulate.
  • Mark searched areas to document results.
  • Report results.
conducting rescue operations
Conducting Rescue Operations

Primary Functions:

  • Creating safe rescue environment
    • Lift objects out of the way.
    • Use tools to move objects.
    • Remove debris.
  • Triaging or stabilizing victims
  • Removing victims
creating a safe environment
Creating a Safe Environment


  • Maintain rescuer safety.
  • Triage in lightly and moderately damaged buildings.
  • Evacuate victims quickly from moderately damaged buildings-minimize injury.
precautions to minimize risk
Precautions to Minimize Risk

Keep a safe environment:

  • Know your limitations
  • Follow safety procedures.
  • Remove debris by:
    • Leveraging.
    • Cribbing.
      • Remember when leveraging a heavy object to remove a victim stabilize the object with cribbing as you go.
removing victims
Removing Victims

Types of victim removal include:

  • Self-removal or assist.
  • Lifts and drags.
  • If you suspect a possible spinal injury KEEP THE SPINE IN A STRAIGHT LINE.
  • Allow victims to extricate themselves when possible.
extrication method
Extrication Method

Depends upon:

  • General stability of immediate environment.
  • Number of rescuers available.
  • Strength and ability of rescuers.
  • Condition of victim.