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Snakes . Order: Squamata Suborder: Serpentes. Keeled and Divided Anal. Northern Brownsnake Northern Red-bellied Snake Black Ratsnake * Common Watersnake Rough Greensnake Eastern Smooth Earthsnake * Mountain Earthsnake Queen Snake Hog-nosed Snake. Keeled and Single.

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Snakes l.jpg

Snakes

Order: Squamata

Suborder: Serpentes


Keeled and divided anal l.jpg
Keeled and Divided Anal

  • Northern Brownsnake

  • Northern Red-bellied Snake

  • Black Ratsnake *

  • Common Watersnake

  • Rough Greensnake

  • Eastern Smooth Earthsnake *

  • Mountain Earthsnake

  • Queen Snake

  • Hog-nosed Snake


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Keeled and Single

  • Eastern Gartersnake

  • Common Ribbonsnake

  • Northern Pinesnake

  • Northern Copperhead

  • Timber Rattlesnake


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Smooth and Divided

  • Northern Ring-necked Snake

  • Eastern Wormsnake

  • Black Racer

  • Smooth Greensnake


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Smooth and Single

  • Northern Milksnake

  • Eastern Kingsnake

  • Eastern Black Kingsnake


Order squamata suborder serpentes l.jpg

Order: SquamataSuborder: Serpentes

Family: Colubridae


Northern brownsnake l.jpg
Northern Brownsnake

  • Storeria d. dekayi

  • Anal plate divided

  • Keeled scales

  • Dots on the dorsal

  • Slight dorsal stripe with dots bordering it

Photo by: Jeff Davis


Northern red bellied snake l.jpg
Northern Red-bellied Snake

  • Storeria o. occipitomaculata

  • Anal plate divided

  • Keeled scales

  • Belly glossy or red

  • 15 scale rows

  • Light area behind the eye

  • Three spots on back of the neck


Eastern smooth earthsnake l.jpg
Eastern Smooth Earthsnake

  • Virginia v. valeriae

  • Divided anal plate

  • Smooth scales

  • Brown or green

  • Very small head

  • Row of dots longitudinal down body

www.oplin.lib.oh.us/.../ earth_eastern_smooth.jpg


Mountain earthsnake l.jpg
Mountain Earthsnake

  • Virginia valeriae pulchra

  • Divided anal plate

  • Weakly keeled scales

  • No pattern on dorsal

  • 15 - 17 - 17


Eastern wormsnake l.jpg
Eastern Wormsnake

Carphophis a. amoenus

  • Smooth scales

  • 13 scale rows

  • Small pinkish or brown snake with no pattern or spots

  • Eyes and head small

  • Very pointy end on tail


Common ribbonsnake l.jpg
Common Ribbonsnake

  • Thamnophis s. sauritus

  • Anal plate single

  • Keeled scales

  • 3 stripes on dorsal

  • Clear belly

  • Stripes on scale rows 3 and 4

Photo by: Zach Felix


Eastern gartersnake l.jpg
Eastern Gartersnake

  • Thamnophis s. sirtalis

  • Anal plate single

  • Keeled scales

  • Spots on the ventral scutes along the sides

  • Lines on scale rows 2 and 3


Queen snake l.jpg
Queen Snake

  • Regina septemvittata

  • Anal plate divided

  • Keeled strongly

  • Light stripe along sides

  • Dark stripes on the belly

Photo by: John White


Common watersnake l.jpg
Common Watersnake

  • Nerodia s. sipedon

  • Anal plate divided

  • Strongly keeled scales

  • Brown blotches on the dorsal

  • Belly yellowish


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Eastern Hog-nosed Snake

  • Heterodon platirhinos

  • Scales keeled

  • Anal plate divided

  • Snout turned up

Photo by: Jeff Humphries


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Black Ratsnake

  • Elaphe o. obsoleta

  • Anal plate divided

  • Weakly keeled scales

  • Black snake

  • Completely black


Eastern milksnake l.jpg
Eastern Milksnake

  • Lampropeltis t. triangulum

  • Anal plate single

  • Smooth scales

  • Dorsal color brown

  • Red blotches edged in black

  • Belly checkered with black and white


Eastern kingsnake l.jpg
Eastern Kingsnake

  • Lampropeltis g. getula

  • Single anal plate

  • Smooth scales

  • Dorsal black with yellow bands

  • Belly yellow and black

  • Crossbands that fork on the sides


Eastern black kingsnake l.jpg
Eastern Black Kingsnake

  • Lampropeltis g. niger

  • Single anal plate

  • Smooth scales

  • Dorsal color black with yellow spots

  • Belly yellow with black markings

  • Mostly black snake with hints of orange and yellow


Rough greensnake l.jpg
Rough Greensnake

  • Opheodrys a. aestivus

  • Anal plate divided

  • Keeled scales

  • Tail really really long

  • Slender

  • Belly lighter than dorsal color


Smooth greensnake l.jpg
Smooth Greensnake

  • Opheodrys vernalis

  • Divided anal plate

  • Smooth scales

  • Long slender black snake (green when alive)

  • Not as big as the black racer


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Northern Black Racer

  • Coluber c. constrictor

  • Divided anal plate

  • Smooth scales

  • Black snake

  • With a white throat

Photo by: John White


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Northern Ring-necked Snake

  • Diadophis punctatus edwardsii

  • Divided anal plate

  • Smooth glossy scales

  • Black with yellow or orange belly

  • Ring around the neck


Northern pinesnake l.jpg
Northern Pinesnake

  • Pituophis m. melanoleucus

  • Single anal plate

  • Keeled scales

  • Black blotches

  • Big snake

  • Ventral is white


Order squamata suborder serpentes26 l.jpg

Order: SquamataSuborder: Serpentes

Family: Viperidae


Timber rattlesnake l.jpg
Timber Rattlesnake

  • Crotalus horridus

  • One row of scales after the cloaca

  • Pits

  • Horny rattle or button


Northern copperhead l.jpg
Northern Copperhead

  • Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen

  • One row of scales after the cloaca

  • Pits

  • Has bands that are hourglass shaped



Order caudata l.jpg
Order: Caudata

  • Family: Cryptobranchidae

  • Family: Proteidae

  • Family: Ambystomatidae

  • Family: Salamandridae

  • Family: Plethodontidae


Order anura l.jpg
Order: Anura

  • Family: Pelobatidae

  • Family: Bufonidae

  • Family: Hylidae

  • Family: Ranidae


Order testudines l.jpg
Order: Testudines

  • Family: Chelydridae

  • Family: Kinosternidae

  • Family: Emydidae

  • Family: Trionychidae


Order squamata suborder lacertillia l.jpg
Order: SquamataSuborder: Lacertillia

  • Family: Phrynosomatidae

  • Family: Teiidae

  • Family: Scincidae


Order squamata suborder serpentes34 l.jpg
Order: Squamata Suborder: Serpentes

  • Family: Colubridae

  • Family: Viperidae