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Presented by: Michael Bunting Corey Miller Team Members: Susan Campbell Ryan Corbett Catherine Doughty Rachel Strong. Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB) . Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB) DLAB in Afghanistan. NATO and DLIELC Requirement

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afghan language aptitude battery alab

Presented by:

Michael Bunting

Corey Miller

Team Members:

Susan Campbell

Ryan Corbett

Catherine Doughty

Rachel Strong

Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB)

afghan language aptitude battery alab dlab in afghanistan
Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB) DLAB in Afghanistan

NATO and DLIELC Requirement

Need a Defense Language Aptitude Battery (DLAB) to better predict language learning success in the Defense Language Institute English Language Center (DLIELC) Afghan program

Relevance

Need better preparedness for follow-on training (e.g., pilot training) and more DLIELC graduates meeting graduation requirements

Solution

Quick fix for immediate implementation followed by more rigorously developed test

afghan language aptitude battery alab content of the alab
Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB)Content of the ALAB

Non-linguistic tests assess aptitude for learning.

Linguistic tests assess aptitude for language learning.

afghan language aptitude battery alab content of the alab raven s test
Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB)Content of the ALAB: Raven’s test

Choose the picture that completes the large pattern.

afghan language aptitude battery alab content of the alab speeded test
Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB)Content of the ALAB: Speeded test

If the two pictures, symbols, or numbers in a pair are the same, mark the equal sign, “=”.

If the two pictures, symbols, or numbers in a pair are not the same, mark the not equal sign, “≠”.

afghan language aptitude battery alab content of the alab figures test
Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB)Content of the ALAB: Figures test

Discover the pattern in the FIGURE SERIES and then decide which one of the POSSIBLE ANSWERS would appear next in the series.

afghan language aptitude battery alab content of the alab8
Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB)Content of the ALAB

Non-linguistic tests assess aptitude for learning.

Linguistic tests assess aptitude for language learning.

afghan language aptitude battery alab linguistic tests
Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB)Linguistic tests
  • ALAB has two linguistic tests: Language Analysis and Words in Sentences.
  • In addition to the ALAB instructions, language and cultural concepts must be adapted and translated.
  • Language Analysis: Required transliteration of an artificial language from Roman to Arabic.
afghan language aptitude battery alab numeral adaptation
Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB)Numeral adaptation
  • Afghans don’t necessarily use the same numerals as Americans do.
  • We adapted numerals to more familiar ones to avoid distraction and confusion.
  • Two varieties of numerals are used in Afghanistan; based on survey results, we used the Eastern-based variety.
afghan language aptitude battery alab example language analysis test
Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB)Example: Language Analysis test
    • Word list:

zorit..............................the farmer

volip.............................the worker

zoritvolipupigom........The farmer pushed the worker.

  • Exercise:
afghan language aptitude battery alab letter adaptation
Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB)Letter adaptation
  • Transliterate artificial language to Dari letters
    • Dari letters are a subset of Pashto letters, resulting in identical transliteration for Dari and Pashto.
    • Some transliterated words were considered offensive sounding; therefore, a different sound was substituted.
afghan language aptitude battery alab example words in sentences test
Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB)Example: Words in Sentences test
  • First sentence:
  • Second sentence:

Task: Which word in the second sentence does the same thing as the capitalized word in the first sentence?

afghan language aptitude battery alab words in sentences challenges
Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB)Words in Sentences challenges
  • Cultural transfer:
    • Change in name: “Bill” becomes “Mahmud”
  • Some items rely on linguistic features present in English but not Dari or Pashto:
    • Infinitive “to” meaning “to sail”
    • Solution: Use whole phrase “to sail”
afghan language aptitude battery alab additional challenges
Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB)Additional challenges
  • Attractive distractors in English, such as
    • “To” can be a preposition meaning towards, or part of an infinitive.
    • “Reserved” can be a verb or an adjective.
  • While there may be words in Pashto or Dari that are ambiguous (e.g., homographs), they are not the same in English!
afghan language aptitude battery alab for more information
Afghan Language Aptitude Battery (ALAB)For more information

Michael Bunting

mbunting@casl.umd.edu

Corey Miller

cmiller@casl.umd.edu