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Afghan Culture

Afghan Culture

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Afghan Culture

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  1. Afghan Culture George, Josh, and Dan

  2. Table of Contents • Geography • People • Languages • Religion • Rural Life • Sports and Pastimes • Education • Health • Art and Architecture • Movie Clip

  3. Geography • Located in central Asia • Bordered by six countries • China • Iran • Pakistan • Tajikistan • Turkmenistan • Uzbekistan

  4. Geography • Landlocked nation (slightly smaller than Texas) • Total Population: 31 Million • Capital: Kabul

  5. Geography • Mountainous • Hindu Kush: main mountain range • Climate: cold winters and arid summers

  6. People • Major Ethnic Groups • Pashtuns- 42% • Takijs- 27% • Uzbeks- 9% • Hazaras- 9% • Others- 13%

  7. Languages • Most Afghans are bilingual • Main Languages • Dari- 50% • Pashtu- 35% • Turkic- 11%

  8. Religion • The religion practiced by most Afghans is Islam • 99% of Afghans are Muslim

  9. Rural Life • About ¾ of the Afghan population consists of farmers and nomads • Only 12% of land is arable • What problems might some farmers encounter?

  10. Sports and Pastimes • Buzkashi is the national sport of Afghanistan • Team game played on horseback • Kite-fighting • Participants try to cut through the strings of their opponents

  11. Education • 67% of boys go to school • 37% of girls go to school • Constraints of attendance • Lack of teachers • Distance • Cultural constraints • Not enough schools

  12. Health • Average life expectancy: 42 • 1 in 4 children dies before the age of 5 • Many lack access to basic healthcare

  13. Art and Architecture • Influenced by western techniques since 1900s • Centered at the Kabul Museum • Two famous mosques are in Herat and Mazar-e Sharif • Famous for its light blue-green tile work

  14. The Kite Runner • Movie depicting the hardships and cultural attributes of Afghanistan • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HW7aGiuKZaU&feature=related