Ancient Egypt Text Review • Name the two regions into which ancient Egypt was divided. • Locate the Nile Delta and identify two cities near it. • Name the three deserts and two large bodies of water that surround Egypt. • Why do you think the Greek historian Herodotus call Egypt “the gift of the Nile”?
Make Your Own Pyramid • Fold a sheet of paper into a taco. Cut off the excess rectangular tab formed by the fold. • Open the folded taco and refold it like a taco the opposite way to create an X-fold pattern. • Cut one of the folds to the center of the X, or midpoint and stop. This forms two triangular-shaped flaps. 4) Take notes on the underneath side and draw pictures representing Early Egyptian Life, the Dynasties, and the Kingdoms on the outside. * DO NOT GLUE IT YET!
Early Egyptian Life • 8,000 BC • The first humans live in the Nile river Valley • 7,000 BC • Agriculture starts in the Nile Region • 3,000 BC • Small villages are established along the Nile • Lived in an area called Kemet with fertile soil
Early Egyptian Life • Originally two kingdoms developed along the Nile: • Lower Egypt • Northern Nile • Good farmland • Copper mines in Sinai Peninsula • Upper Egypt • Southern Nile • Ruler named Menes • Conquered Lower Egypt, which led to unification • In 3100 BC Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt unified, forming one kingdom • The capital was built at Memphis Menes unified the two Kingdoms
Dynasties • Approximately 30 dynasties ruled the kingdom from 2,700 BC – 1,090 BC • Dynasty- Ruling Family • Ancient Egyptian history divided into three parts: • Old Kingdom • Middle Kingdom • New Kingdom
Old Kingdom • Lasted from 2,700 BC – 2,200 BC • Known as the “Age of the Pyramids” Old Kingdom “Step Pyramid”
Middle Kingdom • Lasted from 2,050 BC – 1,800 BC • Founded by Mentuhotep II
New Kingdom • Lasted from 1,570 BC – 1090 BC • Ramses II fought Hititites for control of the Middle East
Complete Your Pyramid • Now glue one of the flaps under the other, forming the pyramid. • Make sure not to glue over your notes that you took! • Poke a hole in the top of the pyramid so we will be able to hang it up!